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5 October 2019 Isolation and Characterization of Hyper-Xylanase Producing Bacillus spp. from Faeces of the Indian Flying Fox (Pteropus giganteus)
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Abstract

In the present study, hyper-xylanase producing novel bacterial strains were isolated from faeces of the Indian flying fox (Pteropus giganteus). Considering the qualitative assay, off 27 bacterial isolates, three strains were observed to be the hyper producers of xylanase. The potent isolates were identified using biochemical as well as molecular characterization tools, and were categorized under Bacillus spp. Further, the production of extracellular xylanase was quantified up to 72 h using standard methodology. The hyper production of xylanase was observed in the order of Bacillus amyloliquefaciens strain LAA64 (998.32 ± 17.6 U/mL) > B. methylotrophicus strain DLA64 (937.89 ± 16.1 U/mL) and > B. velezensis strain DLLA28 (910.46 ± 14.5 U/mL) at 48 h of incubation period. Evidently, these novel strains were identified as promising source for xylanase yield. Xylanase represents one of the most important groups of industrial enzymes and thus xylanases obtained from Bacillus spp. suggest their wide applications in diversified industries.

© Museum and Institute of Zoology PAS
J. Dhivahar, Ameer Khusro, Paul Agastian, and S. Suthakar Isaac "Isolation and Characterization of Hyper-Xylanase Producing Bacillus spp. from Faeces of the Indian Flying Fox (Pteropus giganteus)," Acta Chiropterologica 21(1), 229-236, (5 October 2019). https://doi.org/10.3161/15081109ACC2019.21.1.019
Received: 23 May 2018; Accepted: 22 February 2019; Published: 5 October 2019
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