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1 December 2005 Mycoplasma gallisepticum Hemagglutinin VlhA, Pyruvate Dehydrogenase PdhA, Lactate Dehydrogenase, and Elongation Factor Tu Share Epitopes with Mycoplasma imitans Homologues
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Abstract

Mycoplasma gallisepticum is a major pathogen of poultry. Mycoplasma imitans is genetically and antigenically closely related to M. gallisepticum, but so far, only a few proteins of M. imitans have been identified as sharing epitopes with M. gallisepticum. In this study, we identified three proteins of M. gallisepticum that share with M. imitans epitopes defined by monoclonal antibodies (MAbs). MAb 9D4 reacted with the 67-kD hemagglutinin VlhA (previously termed pMGA) of M. gallisepticum and with its continuously expressed 40-kD protein. This MAb also reacted with a 40-kD protein of M. imitans, but not with its putative VlhA. Two-dimensional (2D) immunoblots of M. gallisepticum strains showed that their 40-kD proteins reacting with MAb 9D4 are expressed as major forms with isoelectric points (pI) around 6, and also as less-abundant forms differing in pI. In M. imitans, major forms of 40-kD proteins recognized by MAb 9D4 had pI around 6, whereas minor forms had pI between 5.5 and 5.8. The N-terminal sequence of the M. gallisepticum 40-kD protein recognized by MAb 9D4 strongly indicates that this protein is pyruvate dehydrogenase E1, subunit α (PdhA protein, also termed AcoA). The position of elongation factor Tu (EF-Tu), detected by the reference MAb GB8, was very similar in the 2D proteome maps of M. gallisepticum and M. imitans (MW of about 45 kD; pI ∼ 5.6). In both M. gallisepticum and M. imitans, MAb 7G1 reacted with proteins of about 36 kD with similar charges (major forms with pI of about 8). The position of this protein in the proteome map of M. gallisepticum and its N-terminal sequence strongly suggest that MAb 7G1 recognizes lactate (malate) dehydrogenase (Ldh or Mdh). Comparison of 2D proteomes of 10 M. gallisepticum strains indicated that positions of EF-Tu, PdhA, and Ldh proteins are rather consistent and can be used as reference points in further analyses of the M. gallisepticum proteome.

Miha Lavrič, Dušan Benčina, and Mojca Narat "Mycoplasma gallisepticum Hemagglutinin VlhA, Pyruvate Dehydrogenase PdhA, Lactate Dehydrogenase, and Elongation Factor Tu Share Epitopes with Mycoplasma imitans Homologues," Avian Diseases 49(4), 507-513, (1 December 2005). https://doi.org/10.1637/7377-051105R.1
Received: 11 May 2005; Accepted: 1 June 2005; Published: 1 December 2005
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