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1 December 2013 Subject Index, 2013

A

adenovirus-1

causes gizzard erosion in broilers in Germany, 159

aerosol transmission

of H9N2 AI virus in chickens, 645

aflatoxins

effects on broiler performance and pancreatic function, 280

Agelaius phoeniceus

immune response to West Nile virus, 285

Alectoris rufa

colibacillosis outbreak on farm, 143

Anas platyrhynchos

infectivity and pathogenicity of Newcastle disease viruses, 8

anomalous pulmonary venous connection

in a chicken, 140

antibiotics

in broiler feed in southeastern US, 640

antibody response

to turkey herpesvirus vector Newcastle disease vaccine, 750

antimicrobial resistance

of avian pathogenic E. coli in Egypt, 602

anti-reticuloendotheliosis virus antibody

detection with blocking ELISA, 71

Ardea cinerea

mycobacteriosis, 703

Argentina

mixed Marek's disease and reticuloendotheliosis infections, 569

normal blood values for imperial cormorants, 737

arthropods

ectoparasites in wild birds in Italy, 756

artificial insemination

turkeys infected with Pasteurella multocida, 693

astrovirus

recent progress in characterization, 573

avian enteric viruses

recent progress in characterization, 573

avian influenza, H5N1

transmission by houseflies to chickens, 266

transmission from tree sparrows to chickens, 205

avian influenza, H9N2

conjunctivitis model for vaccine efficacy, 83

avian influenza, highly pathogenic

transmission by houseflies to chickens, 266

transmission from tree sparrows to chickens, 205

avian influenza, low pathogenic

prevalence in eastern Chinese live bird markets, 155

avian influenza viruses

isolated in wild ducks and feathers in Minnesota, 677

avian influenza viruses, H5N1

variations in HA, NA, and NS genes found in Romania, 612

avian influenza viruses, H6N2

response to inoculation in wild water birds, 581

avian influenza viruses, H7N1

virulence of isolates from mallards in turkeys, 790

avian influenza viruses, H9N2

aerosol transmission in chickens, 645

avian influenza viruses, highly pathogenic

variations in HA, NA, and NS genes found in Romania, 612

avian influenza viruses, low pathogenicity

aerosol transmission in chickens, 645

presence in zoos in Ohio, 657

response to inoculation in wild water birds, 581

virulence of isolates from mallards in turkeys, 790

avian leukosis viruses

isolation and sequence analysis in Taiwan, 172

avian paramyxovirus-1

in tracheas of experimentally and naturally infected chickens, 36

isolates from pigeons in Russian Federation, 2

avian paramyxovirus-2

detection in wild birds in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 780

avian reovirus

and Mycoplasma synoviae rapid detection with multiplex PCR, 220

avipoxviruses

and avian malaria co-infections in passerines in New Zealand, 109

and REV provirus cause lymphomas, 812

B

backyard poultry flocks

causes of mortality in northern California, 311

monitoring diseases in Maryland, 233

surveillance for diseases in Maryland, 587

bacterial artificial chromosome

developed from very virulent 686 strain of Marek's disease virus, 469

transposition in Meleagrid herpesvirus 1, 380

bacterin-toxoid

use in vaccine for clostridial dermatitis, 214

baculoviruses

use in a multivalent infectious bursal disease vaccine, 41

biosecurity practices

monitoring backyard poultry flocks in Maryland, 233

blackbird, red-winged

immune response to West Nile virus, 285

blocking enzyme–linked immunosorbent assay

for REV antibody using envelope protein, 71

blood chemistry

baseline values for imperial cormorants, 737

Bordetella hinzii

PCR for identification, 307

Brazil

detection of avian paramyxoviruses in resident and migratory birds, 780

new genotype of infectious bronchitis virus, 225

broiler chickens

Campylobacter infections in fast- and slow-growing breeds, 238

characterization of E. coli isolates in Egypt, 602

effects of aflatoxins on pancreas and performance, 280

effects of medication in feed on Salmonella sp., 640

failure of Arkansas-type infectious bronchitis vaccine, 248

gizzard erosions caused by fowl adenovirus-1, 159

in ovo vaccination for infectious laryngotracheitis, 523

nephropathogenic infectious bronchitis outbreak, 65

parvovirus-induced runting-stunting syndrome, 123

pathogenicity of Chlamydia psittaci isolates, 242

persistence and tissue distribution of infectious bursal disease viruses, 759

preventing outbreaks of infectious laryngotracheitis, 803

reovirus infection causes pancreatic damage, 321

susceptibility and response of different breeds to necrotic enteritis infection, 684

use of DEXA for assessing Eimeria infection, 199

broiler breeders

prevalence of Salmonella sp. in environment, 634

brown-headed cowbirds

infested with hunchback mites, 818

C

Caco-2 cells, polarized

role of motAB in adherence and internalization, 116

California

Egg Quality Assurance Program, 51

California, northern

causes of mortality in backyard flocks, 311

very virulent infectious bursal disease outbreak, 76

Callipepla californica

Clostridium sordellii causes ulcerative enteritis, 698

Campylobacter jejuni

role of motAB in adherence and internalization, 116

Campylobacter spp.

outcomes of infection in different broiler breed, 238

cardiac abnormality, congenital

chicken with total anomalous pulmonary venous connection, 140

ceftiofur

influence on survival of herpesvirus of turkeys in vaccines, 437

cell-associated vaccines

against Marek's disease virus, 448

cellulitis

in male turkeys, 730

vaccine from Clostridium septicum bacterin-toxoid, 214

chicken anemia virus

quantitation of viruses in organs of chickens, 532

chickens

aerosol transmission of H9N2 AI virus, 645

antimicrobial resistance in Escherichia coli isolates in Zimbabwe, 152

contaminated infectious anemia vaccines, 15

cross-protective immune responses to Korean variant of IBV, 667

efficacy of Escherichia coli O78:K80 vaccine, 273

H9N2 AI virus in respiratory tract, 645

new genotype of infectious bronchitis in Brazil, 225

pathogenicity of Chlamydia psittaci isolates, 242

role of ribonuclease reductase in Marek's disease, 178

shedding of very virulent Newcastle disease viruses, 303

source of Mycobacterium avium subsp. avium infection in raptors, 688

transmission of avian influenza by houseflies, 266

transmission of HPAI from Eurasian tree sparrows, 205

use of turkey herpesvirus vector vaccine, 192

vaccine for laryngotracheitis, 192

with total anomalous pulmonary venous connection, 140

China

prevalence of low pathogenic avian influenza in live bird markets, 155

Chinese ring-necked pheasants

safety of lasalocid for coccidiosis, 188

Chlamydia psittaci

virulence in chickens, 242

cleavage/packaging signals

in Marek's disease viruses, 401

clostridial dermatitis

immunosuppression and stress in male turkeys, 730

vaccine from Clostridium septicum bacterin-toxoid, 214

Clostridium perfringens

response in various broiler breeds to necrotic enteritis, 684

Clostridium septicum

vaccine using bacterin-toxoid, 214

Clostridium sordellii

enteritis in quail, 698

Clostridium spp.

stress and cellulitis in male turkeys, 730

coccidiosis

protecting chickens using gel beads or spray vaccination, 622

safety of lasalocid in Chinese ring-necked pheasants, 188

use of DEXA to assess impact in broilers, 199

colibacillosis

antimicrobial resistance in chickens from Zimbabwe, 152

outbreak in farmed red-legged partridges, 143

vaccine using attenuated Salmonella delivery system, 88

Colinus virginianus

Clostridium sordellii causes ulcerative enteritis, 698

Columba livia

naturally occurring neoplasms in research colony, 133

pigeon paramyxoviruses-1 isolated in Russia, 2

rapid test for detecting Trichomonas spp., 800

conjunctivitis

H9N2 avian influenza vaccine model, 83

coronavirus, turkey

effect on egg production in turkeys, 650

infections in quail with respiratory and reproductive signs, 295

recent progress in characterization, 573

Coturnix coturnix japonica

coronavirus infections, 295

protection against nephrotoxicity by sea buckthorn, 767

cowbirds, brown-headed

immune response to West Nile virus, 285

cross protection

elicited by Korean variant of infectious bronchitis virus, 667

cross-species infection

H7N1 AIV from mallards to turkeys, 790

Cygnus olor

deaths caused by Streptocara incognita, 147

D

degranulation

immune response in cowbirds to West Nile virus, 285

Delmarva Peninsula

nephropathogenic infectious bronchitis outbreak in broilers, 65

dexamethasone

immunosuppression model for clostridial dermatitis, 730

diagnostic test

for Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale, 663

digestive enzymes

effect of aflatoxins in broilers, 280

disease prevalence

in backyard poultry in Maryland, 587

disinfection

of farm after infectious laryngotracheitis outbreak, 803

DNA methylation

and gene expression, 366

down-regulates EGRF, 366

drag swab sampling

for detection of environmental Salmonella, 22

dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA)

assessing the impact of Eimeria infections, 199

duck Tembusu virus

detection with one step SYBR Green RT-PCR test, 595

ducks

infectivity and pathogenicity of Newcastle disease viruses, 8

isolation and genotyping of Toxoplasma gondii, 128

role in spread of Newcastle disease, 8

ducks, wild

response to inoculation with H6N2 avian influenza viruses, 581

dust, poultry house

monitoring for Marek's disease using qPCR, 544

E

eastern equine encephalomyelitis virus

leukocyte response in wild passerine birds, 744

egg production

effect of coronavirus infection in turkeys, 650

Egypt

characterization of E. coli isolates in broilers, 602

Marek's disease characterization and phylogenetic analysis, 555

Eimeria maxima

response in various broiler breeds to necrotic enteritis, 684

Eimeria spp.

protecting chickens using gel beads or spray vaccination, 622

safety of lasalocid in Chinese ring-necked pheasants, 188

use of DEXA to assess impact in broilers, 199

ELISA, glycoprotein-specific

detection of infectious laryngotracheitis virus antibodies, 432

enteritis

in quail caused by Clostridium sordellii, 698

env gene

cloning and expression for REV antibody detection, 71

prevalence of Salmonella sp. in broiler breeder houses, 634

environmental sampling

pooled and individual samples for Salmonella, 22

using qPCR for Marek's disease detection, 544

environmental surveillance

California Egg Quality Assurance Program, 51

FDA Egg Safety Rule, 51

for Salmonella Enteritidis, 51

using qPCR for Marek's disease detection, 544

epidemiology

of Marek's disease worldwide, 483

very virulent infectious bursal disease in California, 76

epidermal growth factor receptor

DNA methylation down-regulation, 366

effect of Marek's disease viruses, 366

Escherichia coli

antimicrobial resistance in chickens from Zimbabwe, 152

immune response to spray vaccine in poultry, 671

Escherichia coli, avian pathogenic

characterization of broiler infections in Egypt, 602

outbreak in farmed red-legged partridges, 143

vaccine using attenuated Salmonella delivery system, 88

Escherichia coli, extraintestinal pathogenic

multilocus sequence analysis and virulence genotyping, 104

Escherichia coli O78:K80 vaccine

efficacy in chickens and turkeys, 273

esophagitis, fatal

caused by Streptocara incognita in mute swans, 147

Eurasian tree sparrows

transmission of H5N1 avian influenza to chickens, 205

F

feather tips

Marek's disease virus levels in vaccinated chickens, 440

feathers

isolation of influenza A viruses in Minnesota, 677

floor litter

role in controlling coccidiosis in newly-hatched chickens, 622

flow cytometry

use in assessing response to live E. coli vaccine, 671

Food and Drug Administration

Egg Safety Rule, 51

fowl adenovirus

identification using 52K gene region, 290

fowl adenovirus-1

causes gizzard erosion in broilers in Germany, 159

fowl typhoid

efficacy of metabolic drift live attenuated vaccine, 29

fowlpox virus

and malaria co-infections in New Zealand birds, 109

with integrated REV provirus cause lymphomas, 812

G

gD glycoprotein

analysis and identification in ILT, 416

gE glycoprotein

analysis and identification in ILT, 416

geese, domestic

detection of Goose hemorrhagic polyomavirus, 797

gel beads

comparison with spray vaccination for controlling coccidiosis, 622

genetic variability

in Romanian H5N1 avian influenza, 612

genomic termini

identification and characterization in Marek's disease viruses, 401

gentamycin

influence on survival of herpesvirus of turkeys in vaccines, 437

geographic restriction

unique population of infectious bursal disease viruses, 57

Germany

broiler gizzard erosions caused by fowl adenovirus-1, 159

gI glycoprotein

analysis and identification in ILT, 416

gizzard erosion

caused by fowl adenovirus-1 in broilers, 159

glycoprotein J gene

deletion in infectious laryngotracheitis vaccines, 523

glycoprotein L gene

effect of deletion in field strains of Marek's disease viruses, 509

Goose hemorrhagic polyomavirus

detection in domestic geese, 797

grey heron

mycobacteriosis, 703

gulls

response to inoculation with H6N2 avian influenza viruses, 581

H

Harpirhynchos quasimodo

cause lesions in brown-headed cowbirds, 818

helminth infections

in wild birds in Italy, 756

hematology

baseline values for imperial cormorants, 737

hemorrhagic enteritis

detection in domestic geese, 797

real-time PCR for detection in turkeys, 300

herpesvirus

proteomics, 351

role of microRNAs in pathogenicity, 332

herpesvirus of turkeys (HVT)

inaction with Marek's disease virus, 372

inhibition of Toll-like receptor 2-mediated NF-κ;B, 409

resistance of genome to transposition, 380

survival in presence of antibiotics in vaccines, 437

Hippophae rhamnoides

protection from nephrotoxicity in Japanese quail, 767

hock joint swelling

caused by reovirus in turkeys, 97

houseflies

as vectors for H5N1 avian influenza to chickens, 266

hunchback mites

cause lesions in brown-headed cowbirds, 818

I

immune response

against E. coli with a spray vaccine, 671

immunohistochemistry

detection of Newcastle disease viruses in tracheas, 36

immunosuppression

stress and clostridial dermatitis in turkeys, 730

imperial cormorants

normal hematologic and blood chemistry values, 737

incidence

of Marek's disease worldwide, 483

infectious anemia virus

contaminated commercial vaccines, 15

infectious bronchitis vaccine

and bivalent Marek's disease vaccine, 498

infectious bronchitis virus

characterization of nephropathogenic strain, 65

cross-protective immune responses to Korean variant, 667

new genotype in Brazil, 225

infectious bronchitis virus, Arkansas-type

vaccine failure in broilers, 248

infectious bursal disease

multivalent virus-like–particle vaccine, 41

infectious bursal disease, very virulent

epidemiological study of California outbreak, 76

infectious bursal disease viruses

geographically restricted populations in Ohio, 57

persistence and tissue distribution in broilers, 759

virus isolation and presence of viral RNA, 759

infectious laryngotracheitis

detection of virus and prevention of new outbreak, 803

prevalence in Maryland backyard poultry, 587

infectious laryngotracheitis virus

analysis and identification of membrane proteins, 416

detection of antibodies by glycoprotein-specific ELISA, 432

in ovo vaccination of broilers, 523

use of glycoprotein J gene-deleted strain for vaccination, 523

use of turkey herpesvirus vector vaccine in chickens, 192

insect vectors

role in avipoxvirus and malaria infections in passerines in New Zealand, 109

interstitial nephritis

caused by nephropathogenic infectious bronchitis virus, 65

Iraq

prevalence of Marek's disease in different provinces, 562

J

Japanese quail

coronavirus infections, 295

protection against nephrotoxicity by sea buckthorn, 767

JBJ-1 cell lines

use for growing vaccines strains against Marek's disease, 448

L

lameness in turkeys

isolation and characterization of reovirus, 97

lasalocid

safety in Chinese ring-necked pheasants, 188

latency

in Marek's disease, 360

layer houses

surveillance for Salmonella Enteritidis, 51

layers

genetic resistance to Marek's disease in different lines, 519

lymphomas caused by REV–integrated fowlpox virus, 812

Marek's disease and reticuloendotheliosis mixed infections, 569

Marek's disease mortality, 395

lentivirus vector

inhibits Newcastle disease virus replication, 260

leukocyte profile

in eastern equine encephalomyelitis infections in birds, 744

live bird markets

prevalence of low pathogenic avian influenza in China, 155

loop-mediated isothemal amplification

for differentiation of Marek's disease serotypes, 539

lymphoid organ atrophy

and meq-deleted rMd5 Marek's disease vaccine, 491

lymphomas

in layers with reticuloendotheliosis virus–integrated fowlpox virus infection, 812

M

major histocompatibility complex

increase in virulence of Marek's disease virus, 474

major histocompatibility complex haplotypes

increased resistance to Marek's disease, 519

malaria, avian

and poxvirus co-infections in passerines in New Zealand, 109

Malaysia

Toxoplasma gondii in free-range ducks, 128

mallard

transmission of low pathogenic avian influenza to turkeys, 790

mallard ducklings

infectivity and pathogenicity of Newcastle disease viruses, 8

role in spread of Newcastle disease, 8

Marek's disease

current state of research in microRNAs, 332

genomic regions associated with mortality in layers, 395

identification and characterization of ribonuclease reductase, 178

increasing resistance by selective breeding of layers, 519

interplay of MDV and HVT on expression, 372

PCR test for detecting viruses in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissues, 785

quantitation of viruses in organs of chickens, 532

review of latency, 360

review of tumorigenesis, 360

status in United States and worldwide, 483

Marek's disease vaccine

properties of meq-deleted rMd5, 491

Marek's disease vaccine, bivalent

does not interfere with other vaccines, 498

Marek's disease vaccine, Rispens/CVI988

viral kinetics, shedding profile, and transmission, 454

Marek's disease virus

and epidermal growth factor receptor in chickens, 366

cleavage/packaging signals, 401

deletion of ribonucleotide reductase, 464

effect of deletion of glycoprotein L gene, 509

identification and characterization of genomic termini, 401

identification of neurovirulence factor, 387

influence of host genetics on evolution of virulence, 474

insertion of reticuloendotheliosis virus LTR, 427

interaction with herpesvirus of turkeys, 372

meq gene sequences in Iraqi strains, 562

mixed infections with reticuloendotheliosis virus, 569

molecular characterization of Egyptian strains, 555

pathogenesis and pp38 gene, 503

review of morphogenesis, 340

Marek's disease virus serotypes

detection and differentiation methods, 539

Marek's disease virus, very virulent

levels in poultry dust and feather tips in vaccinated chickens, 440

effect of vaccine strains on shedding and replication, 440

Marek's disease virus, very virulent 686 strain

development of a bacterial artificial chromosome, 469

Maryland

monitoring backyard poultry flock for diseases, 233

surveillance for poultry diseases, 587

mass spectrometry

use in proteomics, 351

Meleagrid herpesvirus-1

resistance of genome to transposition, 380

meq-deleted rMd5 Marek's disease vaccine

protection against very virulent form, 491

meq gene

sequence variation in Iraqi Marek's disease viruses, 562

metabolic drift mutation

use in live vaccine for fowl typhoid, 29

microRNA

research into pathogenicity of Marek's disease viruses, 332

Minnesota

isolation of influenza A viruses in wild ducks and feathers, 677

mites, harpirhynchid

infestation in brown-headed cowbirds, 818

Molothrus ater

immune response to West Nile virus, 285

infested with hunchback mites, 818

monitoring methods

using qPCR for Marek's disease detection, 544

morphogenesis

in Marek's disease virus, review, 340

mortality

and genomic regions in Marek's disease viruses, 395

backyard flocks in northern California, 311

motAB

role in adherence and internalization in Caco-2 cells, 116

role in cecal colonization of Campylobacter jejuni, 116

multilocus sequence typing

of extraintestinal pathogenic E. coli, 104

multiplex PCR

test for rapid detection of Mycoplasma synoviae and avian reovirus, 220

multiplex real-time PCR

for quantification of virus in herpesvirus infections, 532

Musca domestica

as vectors for H5N1 avian influenza to chickens, 266

mute swans

deaths caused by Streptocara incognita, 147

mycobacteriosis

in grey heron, 703

Mycobacterium avium complex

infection in ostriches with M. bovis, 808

Mycobacterium avium subsp. avium

infection in grey heron, 703

infection in raptors from infected chickens, 688

Mycobacterium bovis

infection in ostriches, 808

Mycoplasma gallisepticum

prevalence in Maryland backyard poultry, 587

Mycoplasma synoviae

and avian reovirus rapid detection with multiplex PCR, 220

N

necrotic enteritis

response of different broilers to infection, 684

neoplasms

naturally occurring in pigeons, 133

nephrotoxicity

caused by ochratoxin A in Japanese quail, 767

protective effect of sea buckthorn in Japanese quail, 767

neurovirulence protein

identified in Marek's disease virus, 387

New Zealand, North Island

avipoxvirus and malaria infections in introduced passerines, 109

Newcastle disease

isolates found in pigeons from Russia, 2

prevalence in Maryland backyard poultry, 587

Newcastle disease vaccine

and bivalent Marek's disease vaccine, 498

Newcastle disease vaccine, LaSota

contains virulent Newcastle virus strains, 316

Newcastle disease vaccine, turkey herpesvirus vector

protection and antibody response, 750

Newcastle disease virus

infectivity and pathogenicity in mallard ducklings, 8

replication inhibition using RNA interference, 260

virus shedding in ducklings, 8

Newcastle disease virus, lentogenic

in tracheas of experimentally and naturally infected chickens, 36

Newcastle disease virus, very virulent

shedding of viruses in vaccinated chickens, 303

Newcastle disease virus, virulent

found in APMV-1 vaccine, 316

nuclear factor-κ;B

inhibition of activation by HVT, 409

O

ochratoxin A

causes nephrotoxicity in quail, 767

Ohio

spread of avian influenza from wild birds to zoo collections, 657

unique infectious bursal disease group identified, 57

Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale

real time-polymerase chain reaction assay, 663

ostriches

mycobacteriosis caused by M. bovis and M. avium, 808

oxidative burst

immune response in cowbirds to West Nile virus, 285

P

pancreas

degeneration caused by reovirus infections in broilers, 321

effect of aflatoxins in broilers, 280

parasites

on synanthropic birds in Italy, 756

parvovirus

recent progress in characterization, 573

parvovirus, chicken

induced runting-stunting syndrome in broilers, 123

Passer montanus

transmission of H5N1 avian influenza to chickens, 205

passerine birds

leukocyte response to eastern equine encephalomyelitis, 744

Pasteurella multocida

transmission during artificial insemination in turkeys, 693

pasteurellosis, genital

caused by artificial insemination in turkeys, 693

pathogenicity

effect of glycoprotein L gene deletion in Marek's disease virus, 509

Phalacrocorax atriceps

normal hematologic and blood chemistry values, 737

pharyngitis, fatal

caused by Streptocara incognita in mute swans, 147

Phasianus colchicus

safety of lasalocid for coccidiosis, 188

phylogenetic analysis

of fowl adenoviruses using 52 K region, 290

phylogeography

study of a unique group of infectious bursal disease viruses, 57

picornavirus

recent progress in characterization, 573

pigeons

naturally occurring neoplasms in research colony, 133

pigeon paramyxoviruses-1 isolated in Russia, 2

rapid test for detecting Trichomonas spp., 800

pigeon paramyxovirus serotype 1

isolates from Russia, 2

Plasmodium spp.

and poxvirus co-infections in passerines in New Zealand, 109

pododermatis

in fast- vs. slow-growing broiler chickens, 238

polymerase chain reaction (PCR)

for detecting Marek's disease and reticuloendotheliosis viruses in tissue samples, 785

for differentiation of Marek's disease serotypes, 539

for identifying Bordetella hinzii from B. avium, 307

polymerase chain reaction, quantitative real-time

new test for hemorrhagic enteritis virus in turkeys, 300

poultry

test for Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale, 663

poultry biologics

history of regulatory requirements, 167

poultry house dust

monitoring for Marek's disease using qPCR, 544

poultry houses

Marek's disease virus levels in dust from vaccinated chickens, 440

prevalence of Salmonella sp., 634

poxvirus

and malaria co-infections in passerines in New Zealand, 109

pp14

neurovirulence protein in Marek's disease virus, 387

pp38 gene

expression and pathogenesis in Marek's disease, 503

prevalence

of Salmonella in broiler breeder houses and scratch areas, 634

of Salmonella in broilers in southeastern US, 640

proteomics

applied to avian herpesviruses, 351

review of basic concepts and technologies, 351

pUS9 membrane protein

analysis and identification in ILT, 416

Q

QT35 cell lines

use for growing vaccines strains against Marek's disease, 448

quail, bobwhite

Clostridium sordellii causes ulcerative enteritis, 698

quail, California Valley

Clostridium sordellii causes ulcerative enteritis, 698

quail, Japanese

coronavirus infections, 295

protection against nephrotoxicity by sea buckthorn, 767

R

raptors

infection with Mycobacterium avium subsp. avium, 688

real-time polymerase chain reaction assay

for detection of Salmonella in environmental samples, 22

for Goose hemorrhagic polyomavirus, 797

serotype-specific for Salmonella, 22

test for Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale, 663

real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction assay

testing for Marek's disease viruses in dust, 544

real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, SYBR Green

for detection of duck Tembusu virus, 595

red-legged partridges

colibacillosis outbreak on farm, 143

regulatory requirements

of poultry biologics, 167

reovirus

cause of turkey arthritis, 97

causes pancreatic degenration in broilers, 321

respiratory tract

H9N2 AI infections in chickens, 645

reticuloendotheliosis provirus

in fowlpox virus causes lymphomas in layers, 812

reticuloendotheliosis virus

and Marek's disease infections in layers, 569

detection of antibody using blocking ELISA, 71

PCR test for detecting viruses in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissues, 785

reticuloendotheliosis virus long terminal repeat

insertion into Marek's disease virus, 427

ribonuclease reductase

identification and characterization in Marek's disease virus, 178

ribonucleotide reductase

deletion in Marek's disease virus inhibits growth, 464

Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil

detection of avian paramyxoviruses in resident and migratory birds, 780

risk management

backyard poultry flocks for diseases, 233

RNA interference

inhibits Newcastle disease virus replication, 260

Romania

variations in HA, NA, and NS genes in H5N1 avian influenza, 612

rotavirus

recent progress in characterization, 573

runting-stunting syndrome

caused by chicken parvovirus, 123

Russian Federation

phylogenetic analysis of avian paramyxoviruses from pigeons, 2

S

Salmonella delivery system

for avian pathogenic Escherichia coli vaccine, 88

Salmonella enterica Enteritidis

detection in environmental samples, 22

environmental surveillance techniques, 51

vaccination using liposome-associated recombinant SefA, 627

Salmonella enterica Gallinarum

efficacy of metabolic drift live attenuated vaccine, 29

Salmonella sp.

effect of medication in broiler feed, 640

prevalence in broiler breeder houses, 634

prevalence of infections in Maryland backyard poultry, 587

sanitation

of farm after infectious laryngotracheitis outbreak, 803

sea buckthorn

protection from nephrotoxicity in Japanese quail, 767

SefA, recombinant

vaccination for Salmonella enterica Enteritidis, 627

sequence analysis

Taiwanese avian leukosis virus, 172

species determination

for fowl adenoviruses using 52K gene region, 290

splice variants

of Marek's disease virus gene pp38, 503

Streptocara incognita

infections and deaths in mute swans, 147

stress

and incidence of clostridial dermatitis in male turkeys, 730

Struthio camelus

mycobacteriosis caused by M. bovis and M. avium, 808

surveillance

backyard flocks in northern California, 311

backyard flocks in Maryland, 233, 587

synanthropic birds

presence of arthropods and helminths, 756

T

Taiwan

avian leukosis virus in chickens, 172

temporal spatial clustering

study of infectious bursal disease outbreak, 76

tissues samples, formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded

for detection of Marek's disease and reticuloendotheliosis viruses, 785

Toll-like receptor 2

effect of HVT on NF-κ;B activation, 409

Toxoplasma gondii

isolation and genotyping in Malaysian ducks, 128

tracheas

detection of Newcastle disease viruses using immunohistochemistry, 36

transposition

in Meleagrid herpesvirus 1, 380

Trichomonas gallinae

persistence in distilled and chlorinated water, 681

Trichomonas spp.

detection in pigeons using OSOM Trichomonas Rapid Test, 800

tumorigenesis

in Marek's disease, 360

turkey arthritis reovirus

isolation and characterization, 97

turkey herpesvirus vector

used in Newcastle disease vaccine, 750

turkey herpesvirus vector vaccine

for laryngotracheitis, 192

turkeys

clostridial dermatitis and immunosuppression with dexamethasone, 730

effect of coronavirus infections on egg production, 650

efficacy of Escherichia coli O78:K80 vaccine, 273

genital pasteurellosis caused by artificial insemination, 693

real-time PCR detection for hemorrhagic enteritis, 300

vaccine for cellulitis using bacterin-toxoid, 214

virulence of LPAIV from mallards, 790

Tyzzer, Ernest Edward, 716

U

United States Department of Agriculture

history of poultry biologic regulations, 167

V

vaccination

for Salmonella enterica Enteritidis using rSefA, 627

vaccination, in ovo

for infectious laryngotracheitis in broilers, 523

vaccines

efficacy of attenuated Escherichia coli O78:K80, 273

for clostridial dermatitis using bacterin-toxoid, 214

H9N2 avian influenza efficacy testing, 83

history of regulatory requirements, 167

insertion of REV long terminal repeat in Marek's disease virus, 427

viral kinetics, shedding profile, and transmission of Rispens/CVI988, 454

vaccine, contaminated

with chicken infectious anemia viruses, 15

vaccine failure

Arkansas-type infectious bronchitis, 248

vaccine, illegal

found to contain virulent Newcastle virus strains, 316

vaccine immunity

viral shedding after challenge with very virulent Newcastle disease viruses, 303

vaccine, live

for Salmonella Gallinarum, 29

vaccine, live commercial

contaminated with infectious anemia viruses, 15

vaccine, multivalent virus-like–particle

against infectious bursal disease, 41

vaccine, Newcastle disease

turkey herpesvirus vectored, 750

vaccine, spray

comparison with gel beads for controlling coccidiosis, 622

efficacy against colibacillosis, 671

vector vaccine

for laryngotracheitis, 192

viral kinetics

of Rispens/CVI988 Marek's disease vaccine, 454

virulence

increase in Marek's disease caused by host genetics, 474

virulence factors

construction of attenuated Salmonella delivery system for vaccines, 88

virulence genotyping

of extraintestinal pathogenic E. coli, 104

virus isolation

Taiwanese avian leukosis virus, 172

virus-like particles

in a multivalent infectious bursal disease vaccine, 41

virus shedding

by ducklings infected with Newcastle disease viruses, 8

in vaccinated chickens after challenge with vvNDV, 303

of Rispens/CVI988 Marek's disease vaccine, 454

W

wading birds

response to inoculation with H6N2 avian influenza viruses, 581

waterers, contaminated

persistence of Trichomonas gallinae, 681

West Nile virus

immune response in cowbirds, 285

wild birds

arthropod and helminth infections in Italy, 756

contaminated waterers and spread of Trichomonas gallinae, 681

detection of avian paramyxoviruses in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 780

leukocyte response to eastern equine encephalomyelitis, 744

spread of avian influenza to zoos in Ohio, 657

wild ducks

isolation of influenza A viruses in Minnesota, 677

wild water birds

response to inoculation with H6N2 avian influenza viruses, 581

Z

Zimbabwe

antimicrobial resistance in Escherichia coli isolates, 152

zoological collections

spread of avian influenza from wild birds to captive birds, 657

American Association of Avian Pathologists
"Subject Index, 2013," Avian Diseases 57(4), 835-841, (1 December 2013). https://doi.org/10.1637/0005-2086-57.4.835
Published: 1 December 2013
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