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28 April 2015 Campylobacter in Poultry: Ecology and Potential Interventions
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Abstract

Avian hosts constitute a natural reservoir for thermophilic Campylobacter species, primarily Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli, and poultry flocks are frequently colonized in the intestinal tract with high numbers of the organisms. Prevalence rates in poultry, especially in slaughter-age broiler flocks, could reach as high as 100% on some farms. Despite the extensive colonization, Campylobacter is essentially a commensal in birds, although limited evidence has implicated the organism as a poultry pathogen. Although Campylobacter is insignificant for poultry health, it is a leading cause of food-borne gastroenteritis in humans worldwide, and contaminated poultry meat is recognized as the main source for human exposure. Therefore, considerable research efforts have been devoted to the development of interventions to diminish Campylobacter contamination in poultry, with the intention to reduce the burden of food-borne illnesses. During the past decade, significant advance has been made in understanding Campylobacter in poultry. This review summarizes the current knowledge with an emphasis on ecology, antibiotic resistance, and potential pre- and postharvest interventions.

© 2015 American Association of Avian Pathologists
Orhan Sahin, Issmat I. Kassem, Zhangqi Shen, Jun Lin, Gireesh Rajashekara, and Qijing Zhang "Campylobacter in Poultry: Ecology and Potential Interventions," Avian Diseases 59(2), 185-200, (28 April 2015). https://doi.org/10.1637/11072-032315-Review
Received: 26 March 2015; Accepted: 1 April 2015; Published: 28 April 2015
JOURNAL ARTICLE
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