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10 June 2015 Epidemiology of Avian Infectious Bronchitis Virus Genotypes in Iran (2010–2014)
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Abstract

Infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) in vaccinated chicken flocks continues to cause enormous economic losses to the poultry industry in Iran. A molecular surveillance of IBV genotypes involved in outbreaks of disease was performed. Specimens of trachea, kidney, and cecal tonsil were collected from 250 suspected flocks (more than 2500 samples) and identified between 2010 and 2014. Partial spike glycoprotein gene sequences revealed seven distinct genotypes, including Mass, 793/B, IS720, Variant 2, QX, IR-I, and IR-II, to be circulating in the chicken farms. The majority of flocks (67.6%) experienced infection with an IBV variant unrelated to the vaccine strains. These variants displayed homologies ranging from 54.1% to 78.5% and from 53% to 86% with H120 and 4/91, respectively. These findings reveal the existence of IBV variants genetically different from the vaccine strains currently in use and explain the outbreaks of disease observed in the field. The current work constitutes the first comprehensive survey of IBV in Iran and emphasizes the need for continuous monitoring and rethinking of current preventative measures.

© 2015 American Association of Avian Pathologists
Hossein Hosseini, Mohammad Hassan Bozorgmehri Fard, Saeed Charkhkar, and Rima Morshed "Epidemiology of Avian Infectious Bronchitis Virus Genotypes in Iran (2010–2014)," Avian Diseases 59(3), 431-435, (10 June 2015). https://doi.org/10.1637/11091-041515-ResNote.1
Received: 15 April 2015; Accepted: 1 June 2015; Published: 10 June 2015
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