Translator Disclaimer
1 January 2016 Comparative Infectivity of Homologous and Heterologous Nucleopolyhedroviruses against Beet Armyworm Larvae
Abstract

Homologous and heterologous nucleopolyhedroviruses (NPVs) were assayed to determine their effectiveness against beet armyworm larvae, Spodoptera exigua (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Included were three NPV isolates from S. exigua, one isolate each from S. littoralis Boisduval, S. litura (F.), and S. ornithogalli (Guenée), two isolates from other noctuids, Helicoverpa armigera (Hübner) and Rachiplusia ou (Guenée), and one isolate from Plutella xylostella (L.) (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae). Before bioassays, all of the NPVs were serially passed four times through S. exigua larvae to increase their concentrations. The narrow host-range homologous SeMNPVs from South Carolina (SeMNPV-SC), Maryland (SeMNPV-MD), and Florida (SeMNPV-FL  =  Spod-X®) were three of the most effective NPVs against the homologous host, S. exigua, based on median lethal concentration values (LC50). Three heterologous isolates (HearNPV from H. armigera, SpliNPV from S. littoralis, and RoMNPV from R. ou) also had low LC50 values. According to their LC50 values, the least active NPVs were from P. xylostella (PlxyMNPV), S. ornithogalli (SoNPV), and S. litura (SpltNPV). Based on median time to kill (LT50) at LC90 concentrations, SeMNPV-SC and Spod-X® were the most effective isolates. The slowest acting NPVs were from S. litura, S. littoralis, and S. ornithogalli. The virulence of homologous and heterologous NPVs did not appear to be correlated with their genomic relatedness to SeMNPV or to the relatedness of the original NPV insect hosts to S. exigua.

The South Carolina Entomological Society, Inc.
"Comparative Infectivity of Homologous and Heterologous Nucleopolyhedroviruses against Beet Armyworm Larvae," Journal of Agricultural and Urban Entomology 32(1), 13-24, (1 January 2016). https://doi.org/10.3954/JAUE14-04.2
Accepted: 9 December 2015; Published: 1 January 2016
JOURNAL ARTICLE
12 PAGES


SHARE
ARTICLE IMPACT
RIGHTS & PERMISSIONS
Get copyright permission
Back to Top