Translator Disclaimer
1 June 2009 The Use of Xylazine, Ketamine, and Isoflurane for Induction and Maintenance of Anesthesia in Ostriches (Struthio camelus)
Author Affiliations +
Abstract

To evaluate the use of xylazine/ketamine and isoflurane for the induction and maintenance of anesthesia in adult ostriches (Struthio camelus), 7 healthy adult ostriches (weight 100–130 kg) were deprived of food for 12 hours and then given an injection of xylazine (4 mg/kg IM), followed 20 minutes later by an injection of ketamine (8 mg/kg IV). After intubation, each bird was maintained on isoflurane anesthesia, and physiologic and hematologic parameters were measured. The respiratory rate and the systolic, diastolic, and mean blood pressures decreased significantly 10 minutes after delivery of isoflurane, and these decreases continued until the isoflurane was discontinued. Jaw and pedal withdrawal reflexes were useful indicators for evaluating muscle relaxation and depth of anesthesia in the ostriches while under general anesthesia. Recovery from anesthesia was relatively smooth, with minimal complications, and was complete at mean (SD) 50 ± 24 minutes after discontinuing isoflurane. From these results, we concluded that induction of anesthesia with xylazine-ketamine followed by maintenance with isoflurane produced sufficient anesthesia for performing surgical operations with relatively smooth recovery in adult ostriches.

Fahd A. Al-Sobayil, Ahmed F. Ahmed, Naser A. Al-Wabel, Ahmad A. Al-Thonayian, Fars A. Al-Rogibah, Abdulaziz H. Al-Fuaim, Abdullah O. Al-Obaid, and Abdulaziz M. Al-Muzaini "The Use of Xylazine, Ketamine, and Isoflurane for Induction and Maintenance of Anesthesia in Ostriches (Struthio camelus)," Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery 23(2), 101-107, (1 June 2009). https://doi.org/10.1647/2008-034.1
Published: 1 June 2009
JOURNAL ARTICLE
7 PAGES


SHARE
ARTICLE IMPACT
RIGHTS & PERMISSIONS
Get copyright permission
Back to Top