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9 September 2019 Comparison of Dorsoventral Erect and Ventrodorsal Supine Radiographic Views for the Evaluation of Intracoelomic Organs in Clinically Normal African Grey Parrots (Psittacus erithacus)
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Abstract

Standard positioning for radiographic evaluation may require sedation and can be deleterious in critically ill birds. A prospective crossover study was performed in 15 clinically normal African grey parrots (Psittacus erithacus) to describe an alternative, unrestrained radiographic view. Whole-body radiographs were obtained in unrestrained dorsoventral erect (DVE) views and in anesthetized ventrodorsal supine (VDS) views. Visualization of various anatomic items in each view was scored by 3 observers. The surface area of the air sacs and the width of the heart, liver, thorax, and cardiohepatic waist were measured in DVE and VDS views. Measurements were obtained by 3 observers, and 1 observer repeated the measurements twice. Intraobserver and interobserver agreement were assessed. Major rotation of the coelom and superimposition of the limbs over the coelom were, respectively, observed in 4 of 15 (27%) and 15 of 15 (100%) of the DVE views and not observed in VDS views. The evaluation of the respiratory tract structures was considered limited in DVE views compared with VDS views, and the surface areas of the air sacs were significantly smaller. The proventriculus and ventriculus were more visible in the DVE view. The visualization of the heart was not significantly different between the 2 views. The absolute measures of heart, liver, and cardiohepatic waist width were significantly larger in the DVE view compared with the VDS view. Moderate intraobserver and interobserver agreement was observed in the evaluation of the 2 views. In conclusion, the DVE view could be adequate to assess the heart and the upper digestive tract. This positioning is likely to provide clinically relevant information for cases in which general anesthesia or dorsal recumbency is contraindicated.

© 2019 by the Association of Avian Veterinarians
Graham Zoller, Lucile Chassang, Olivia van Steyvoort, and Minh Huynh "Comparison of Dorsoventral Erect and Ventrodorsal Supine Radiographic Views for the Evaluation of Intracoelomic Organs in Clinically Normal African Grey Parrots (Psittacus erithacus)," Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery 33(3), 218-228, (9 September 2019). https://doi.org/10.1647/2018-361
Published: 9 September 2019
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