Standard positioning for radiographic evaluation may require sedation and can be deleterious in critically ill birds. A prospective crossover study was performed in 15 clinically normal African grey parrots (Psittacus erithacus) to describe an alternative, unrestrained radiographic view. Whole-body radiographs were obtained in unrestrained dorsoventral erect (DVE) views and in anesthetized ventrodorsal supine (VDS) views. Visualization of various anatomic items in each view was scored by 3 observers. The surface area of the air sacs and the width of the heart, liver, thorax, and cardiohepatic waist were measured in DVE and VDS views. Measurements were obtained by 3 observers, and 1 observer repeated the measurements twice. Intraobserver and interobserver agreement were assessed. Major rotation of the coelom and superimposition of the limbs over the coelom were, respectively, observed in 4 of 15 (27%) and 15 of 15 (100%) of the DVE views and not observed in VDS views. The evaluation of the respiratory tract structures was considered limited in DVE views compared with VDS views, and the surface areas of the air sacs were significantly smaller. The proventriculus and ventriculus were more visible in the DVE view. The visualization of the heart was not significantly different between the 2 views. The absolute measures of heart, liver, and cardiohepatic waist width were significantly larger in the DVE view compared with the VDS view. Moderate intraobserver and interobserver agreement was observed in the evaluation of the 2 views. In conclusion, the DVE view could be adequate to assess the heart and the upper digestive tract. This positioning is likely to provide clinically relevant information for cases in which general anesthesia or dorsal recumbency is contraindicated.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.