Wetland loss in many estuaries around the world, has been attributed mainly to undermining and collapse of channel banks. This study aims to quantify bank erosion and vertical erosion/accretion rates on intertidal sediments in the Odiel tidal marshes (SW Spain). Bi-monthly erosion/accretion measurements were taken on eight channels over a four year period, using markers (iron stakes) located on intertidal areas and on eroding banks. The intensity of erosion divides the Odiel marshes into two zones. The northern zone has low erosion rates (horizontal erosion c. −20 cm year−1 and vertical erosion / accretion between 0 and −1 cm year−1), and coincides with low levels of human activities. The southern zone has higher erosion rates (horizontal erosion c. −25 cm year−1 and vertical erosion / accretion between 0 and −5 cm year−1) and exhibits higher levels of anthropogenic pressure. The highest horizontal and vertical erosion rates (c. −80 cm year−1) were recorded on navigation channels. Horizontal and vertical erosion showed a positive linear relationship (r2 = 0.66; P< 0.01), indicating that sediments mobilized by bank erosion are not deposited on adjacent intertidal areas. Erosion led to mature marsh habitat loss of c. 17000 m2 year−1 and a sediment mobilization of c. 16500 m3 year−1.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 36 • No. sp1