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1 December 2002 An Abutilon Nomenclator (Malvaceae)
Author Affiliations +
Abstract

The large malvaceous genus Abutilon is in need of critical revisionary study. The present nomenclator is presented as a first step toward such an eventual study, and it will also be useful to herbarium curators. It brings together, on a global basis, more than 500 names in specific rank, a number of names in infraspecific rank, and 25 names in infrageneric rank, giving bibliographic detail and typification information for each name as far as it is available. More than 70 lectotypes and two neotypes are designated herein. Five new combinations are included, viz., Bakeridesia scabrida, Bastardiopsis grewiifolia, Bastardiopsis turumiquirensis, Corynabutilon ×suntense, and Tetrasida tulla. Indexes are provided for the newly designated lectotypes and neotypes.

Introduction

The genus Abutilon Mill, is one of the larger genera of the family Malvaceae (Fryxell, 1997a). It is also one of the genera without a solid, modern revisionary treatment. It has been characterized by Garcke (1893, p. 483) as an “umfangreiche und schwierige Gattung” [a large and difficult genus] and by Kearney (1958) as “the most difficult of the genera of Malvaceae.” Abutilon is variously estimated to include 172 species (Baker, 1893), ca. 100 species (Mattei, 1915), ca. 150 species (Lemée, 1929), 100+ species (Airy Shaw, 1966), over 400 species (Hutchinson, 1967; Husain and Baquar, 1974), 100+ species (Mabberley, 1987), 110 species (Maas and Westra, 1993), 150–200 species (Wielgorskaya, 1995), or ca. 160 species (Fryxell, 1997a). The present compilation lists more than 500 names in specific rank plus numerous additional names in infraspecific rank. Clearly there is much synonymy, and there is also still a need for sorting out of some segregate genera.

Taxonomic History

The genus was originally named by Philip Miller (1754) and was first conceived in more or less modern terms by Sweet (1826), who segregated many species out of Linnaeus' broadly conceived Sida by distinguishing uniovulate species referable to Sida from multi-ovulate species treated as Abutilon. Subsequently, such genera as Wissadula Medik. (Fries, 1908), Allowissadula D. M. Bates (Bates, 1978), Pseudabutilon R. E. Fr. (Fryxell, 1997b), Hochreutinera Krapov. (Krapovickas, 1970), Bastardiopsis (K. Schum.) Hassl. (Fuertes and Fryxell, MS), Bakeridesia Hochr. (Hochreutiner, 1913; Bates, 1973), and Corynabutilon (K. Schum.) Kearney (Kearney, 1949; Marticorena, 2001) have been segregated out of Abutilon. The residuum that remains in Abutilon, however, is still very heterogeneous, continues to have many taxonomic problems, and amply merits further revisionary study. For example, the boundary distinguishing Abutilon and Bakeridesia is imperfectly known. Moreover, the status of what Kearney (1958, p. 212, note 2) called the “pluriovulate” species of Abutilon is unclear. These species have 4–6 (or more) seeds per carpel, a base chromosome number of x = 8, and other morphological distinctions that set the group apart from Abutilon sens. str. (the “pauciovulate” group), which has 3 seeds per carpel and a base chromosome number of x = 7. This group was recognized in sectional rank by Fryxell (1988), with respect to Mexican species, but probably deserves elevation to generic rank, when suitable, more broadly based studies have been completed (cf. Fryxell, 1997a). Before such comprehensive studies can be undertaken, however, it is felt desirable to bring together the bibliographic and nomenclatural information that will be the necessary underpinning for the subsequent taxonomic work, and this is the intention of the present contribution.

The infrageneric classification of Abutilon is only poorly understood. The genus has been broken into sections and subsections by several workers, but only for relatively restricted geographical areas—e.g., Presl (1835) for neotropical species, Grisebach (1859) for West Indian species, Schumann (1891) for Brazilian species, Mattei (1915) for East African species (using the ranks “stirps” and “substirps”), and Fryxell (1988) for Mexican species. Schumann's treatment left a number of species explicitly described as “insertae sedis” so that many of these (and other) species cannot be assigned to sections or other subgroups in our present state of knowledge. Many natural groupings within the genus can be discerned, but not all of these have been described and named. Examples include the group of four red-flowered species studied by Burandt and Fryxell (1990); the South American umbellate species (A. umbelliflorum, A. ibarrense, and A. cuspidatum), which form a coherent group; the “Abutilon sachetianum group” (Fosberg and Sachet, 1981); and the “Abutilon muticum and A. pannosum complex” (Abedin, 1980), among others.

The gender of the name Abutilon is generally (though not universally) treated as neuter. According to Art. 62.3 of the ICBN (Greuter et al., 2000), if the original author did not explicitly indicate the gender, the next subsequent author who did so should be followed. Sweet (1826) was the first to treat Abutilon comprehensively, and he consistently treated the name as neuter. Most subsequent authors have followed this precedent and it is continued here.

The Compilation

The following compilation attempts to bring together on a global basis all of the names that have been published in Abutilon in all ranks below the rank of genus. The complete bibliographical citations are given for all names, and types are cited insofar as this is possible. Where lectotypes or neotypes have been chosen, the author and citation where the designation is made are indicated. In more than 70 cases lectotypes (and in two cases neotypes) are designated herein. Five new combinations are also made, viz., Bakeridesia scabrida (K. Schum.) Fryxell, Bastardiopsis grewiifolia (Ulbr.) Fuertes & Fryxell, Bastardiopsis turumiquirensis (Steyerm.) Fuertes & Fryxell, Corynabutilon × suntense (Brickell) Fryxell, and Tetrasida tulla (Ulbr.) Fuertes & Fryxell.

In addition to examining original sources wherever possible and checking type specimens in many different herbaria (e.g., Fryxell and Krapovickas, 1990), the author also had access to two collections of photographs of type specimens (both collections housed at TEX): a) the well known and widely distributed Field Museum photographs of types (Grimé and Plowman, 1986), referred to herein by photograph numbers (e.g., F-56137 for the type of Abutilon glabriflorum); and b) a collection of type photographs from the Paris herbarium made available through the courtesy of A. Krapovickas, of the Instituto de Botánica del Nordeste, Corrientes, Argentina. Several historically important herbaria (e.g., deCandolle, Jussieu, Lamarck, Linnaeus, Willdenow) or type collections (e.g., CAS, NY) were also available on microfiche for consultation, and some type collections are now becoming accessible on the internet (e.g., the U.S. National Herbarium). References to herbaria of deposit of type specimens are according to the acronyms given in Holmgren et al. (1990), except for KUH, which refers to the Karachi University Herbarium and CLH, which refers to the Herbarium of the Pakistan Council of Scientific and Industrial Research Laboratories in Karachi (Husain and Baquar, 1974).

Names that are illegitimate or not validly published are included in the following compilation, if effectively published, with an indication of why each name is flawed, with references to the appropriate Articles of the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature (Greuter et al., 2000), so as to account for all names that may be encountered in the wider literature. The infrageneric names published by Mattei (1915) in the ranks of “stirps” and “substirps” (see below) are treated as illegitimate because they do not fit into the prescribed descending hierarchy (Art. 4.1) and thus they “provide confusion” (Art. 4.3) as to their rank. The more general problem of misplaced rank-denoting terms is amply discussed by Moore (2001), although the particular situation entailed in Mattei's usage of these terms is not addressed.

Although later homonyms are generally accounted for by the presence of the earlier homonyms, they are included in this compilation if they are heterotypic or if they provide the basis for a subsequent avowed substitute (nomen novum) or are otherwise informative. Synonyms are given in brackets wherever this is possible.

Abutilon Nomenclator

Infrageneric Names

  • Abutilon sect. Anasida Griseb., Fl. Brit. W. I. 78 (1859).——Type: Abutilon umbellatum (L.) Sweet. [= Pseudabutilon R. E. Fr.]

  • Abutilon sect. Anodopsis Griseb., Fl. Brit. W. I. 79 (1859).—Type: Abutilon striatum Dicks.

  • Abutilon sect. Armata C. Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 2: 114 (1835) .—Lectotype [Fryxell, 1976]: Abutilon haenkeanum C. Presl.

  • Abutilon sect. Beloëre Griseb., Fl. Brit. W. I. 78 (1859).—Lectotype [here designated]: Abutilon indicum (L.) Sweet.

  • Abutilon “substirps” Blepharocarpi Mattei, Boll. Reale Orto Bot. Palermo n.s., 1: 92 (1915), nom. illegit. (Arts. 4.1, 4.3).— Type [Art. 22.6]: Abutilon blepharocarpum Mattei.

  • Abutilon “stirps” Capsulati Mattei, Boll. Reale Orto Bot. Palermo n.s., 1: 79 (1915), nom. illegit. (Arts. 4.1, 4.3).—Lectotype [here designated]: Abutilon denticulatum (Fresen.) Webb.

  • Abutilon “substirps” Fruticosi Mattei, Boll. Reale Orto Bot. Palermo n.s., 1: 80 (1915), nom. illegit. (Arts. 4.1, 4.3).—Lectotype [here designated]: Abutilon denticulatum (Fresen.) Webb.

  • Abutilon sect. Cephalabutilon K. Schum. in Martius, Fl. Bras. 12(3): 366 (1891). [= Abutilon sect. Abutilon]

  • Abutilon sect. Corynabutilon K. Schum. in Martius, Fl. Bras. 12(3): 369 (1891).—Lectotype [Hutchinson, 1967]: Abutilon vitifolium (Cav.) Kearney [≡ Corynabutilon (K. Schum.) Kearney]

  • Abutilon “substirps” Cuspidati Mattei, Boll. Reale Orto Bot. Palermo n.s., 1: 83 (1915), nom. illegit. (Arts. 4.1, 4.3).—Type: Abutilon elaeocarpoides Webb.

  • Abutilon sect. Gayoides (Endl.) A. Gray, Gen. Fl. Amer. Bor. 111. 2: 167. t. 126 (1849). Basionym: Bastardia sect. Gayoides Endl., Gen. Pl. 986 (1840).—Type: Gayoides crispum (L.) Small. [ = Herissantia Medik.]

  • Abutilon sect. Gayopsis Griseb., Fl. Brit. W. I. 79 (1859), nom. illegit. (Art. 52.1), see preceding name.—Type: Abutilon crispum (L.) Medik. [ = Herissantia Medik.]

  • Abutilon “substirps” Graveolenti Mattei, Boll. Reale Orto Bot. Palermo n.s., 1: 87 (1915), nom. illegit. (Arts. 4.1, 4.3).—Type [Art. 22.6]: Abutilon graveolens Wight & Arn.

  • Abutilon “stirps” Cephalocarpi Mattei, Boll. Reale Orto Bot. Palermo n.s., 1: 83 (1915), nom. illegit. (Arts. 4.1, 4.3).-Lectotype [here designated]: Abutilon indicum (L.) Sweet.

  • Abutilon “substirps” Indici Mattei, Boll. Reale Orto Bot. Palermo n.s., 1: 83 (1915), nom. illegit. (Arts. 4.1, 4.3).—Type [Art. 22.6]: Abutilon indicum (L.) Sweet.

  • Abutilon sect. Mexabutilon Fryxell, Syst. Bot. Monogr. 25: 25 (1988).—Type: Abutilon hypoleucum A. Gray.

  • Abutilon “substirps” Microcarpi Mattei, Boll. Reale Orto Bot. Palermo n.s., 1: 89 (1915), nom. illegit. (Arts. 4.1, 4.3).—Type [Art. 22.6]: Abutilon microcarpum Mattei.

  • Abutilon “stirps” Monospermi Mattei, Boll. Reale Orto Bot. Palermo n.s., 1: 98 (1915), nom. illegit. (Arts. 4.1, 4.3).—Lectotype [here designated]: Abutilon longicuspe Hochst. ex A. Rich.

  • Abutilon “substirps” Mutici Mattei, Boll. Reale Orto Bot. Palermo n.s., 1: 94 (1915), nom. illegit. (Arts. 4.1, 4.3).—Type [Art. 22.6]: Abutilon muticum (Deless.) Webb.

  • Abutilon sect. Muticum C. Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 2: 114 (1835) .—Lectotype [here designated]: Abutilon dianthum C. Presl.

  • Abutilon sect. Oligocarpae (DC.) J. Fryxell, Madroño 30: 84 (1983). Basionym: Sida [sect.] Oligocarpae de Candolle, Prodr. 1: 467 (1824).—Lectotype [J. Fryxell 1983]: Abutilon trisulcatum (Jacq.) Urb.

  • Abution sect. Pluriovulata Fryxell, Syst. Bot. Monogr. 25: 25 (1988).—Type: Abutilon purpusii Standi.

  • Abutilon sect. Policarpae (DC.) G. Don, Gen. Hist. 1: 501 (1831). Basionym: Sida [sect.] Policarpae DC., Prodr. 1: 469 (1824).—Lectotype [here designated]: Sida abutilon. L. [= Abutilon sect. Abutilon]

  • Abutilon sér. Umbellata K. Schum. in Martius, Fl. Bras. 12(3):366 (1891).—Type: Abutilon umbellatum (L.) Sweet [= Pseudabutilon R. E. Fr.]

  • Abutilon sect. Wissadula (Medik.) Griseb., Fl. Brit. W. I. 77 (1859). Basionym Wissadula Medik.—Type: Abutilon periplocifolium (L.) Sweet.

Specific and Infraspecific Names

  • Abortopetalum sandwicense O. Deg., Fl. Hawaiiensis, Fam. 221 (1932). (See Abutilon sandwicense)

  • Abutilon abutiloides (Jacq.) Garcke ex Hochr., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 6: 22 (1902). Basionym: Sida abutiloides lacq., Obs. 1: 17. t.7 (1764).—Type: in cult. from Jamaican seeds (BM). [≡ Abutilon jacquinii G. Don, nom. superfl. ≡ Abutilon decarpum Raf., nom. superfl]

  • Abutilon abutilon (L.) Huth, Helios 11: 132 (1893), not validly published (Art. 23.4). Basionym: Sida abutilon L., Sp. Pl. 685 (1753).—Type: Hort. Cliff. (Lectotype [Borssum Waalkes, 1966]: BM-herb. Cliff.). [≡ Abutilon theophrasti Medik.]

  • Abutilon abutilon (L.) Rusby, Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 5: 222 (1894), not validly published (Art. 23.4) as well as an isonym without status (Art. 6.3). Basionym: Sida abutilon L., Sp. Pi. 685 (1753). See preceding citation.

  • Abutilon abutilon (L.) Shafer, Ann. Carneg. Mus. 1: 32 (1901), not validly published (Art. 23.4) as well as an isonym (Art. 6.3). No basionym given except the parenthetical citation of Linnaeus, presumably intending “[Sida abutilon] (Linnaeus)”—Abutilon avicennae Gaertn. is cited as a synonym. See preceding citations.

  • Abutilon acerifolium G. Don, Gen. Hist. 1: 504 (1831). Basionym: Sida acerifolia Lag., Nov. Gen. Sp. Pi. 21 (1816), non Sida acerifolia Medik. 1787, nec Moench 1794, nec Zucc. 1809.—Type: Hort. Bot. Madrid, 1805, M. Lagasca s.n. (Lectotype [Fuertes and Fryxell, 1993a]: SEV). [≡ Neobrittonia acerifolia (G. Don) Hochr.]

  • Abutilon affine (Spreng.) G. Don, Gen. Hist. 1: 503 (1831). Basionym: Sida affinis Spreng., Syst. Veg. 3: 121 (1826).—Type: URUGUAY. Montevideo, F. Sellow s.n. (Holotype: B as photo F-9260).

  • Abutilon agnesae Borzi, Boll. Ort. Bot. Palermo 10: 129 (1911).—Type: SOMALILAND, type not stated. Note: Mattei (1915, p. 93) cites Macaluso 117bis (PAL) and Mangano s.n. (FI) for this species.

  • Abutilon albescens Miq., Pl. Jungh. pt. 3: 285 (1854).—Type: JAVA. Tjibogam, ad pedem montium calcareorum Palimanan, F. W. Junghuhn s.n. (Lectotype [Borssum Waalkes, 1966]: L-908.135–624; Isotype: U). [≡ Abutilon indicum subsp. albescens (Miq.) Borssum Waalkes]

  • Abutilon albidum (Willd.) Sweet, Hort. Brit. ed. 1, 1: 54 (1826). Basionym: Sida albida Willd., Enum. Pl. 722 (1809).) .—Type: Hort. Bot. Berol. (Holotype: B-W no. 12701).

  • Abutilon albidum Webb & Berthelot, Phyt. Canar. 1: 39. t. 2 (1836), nom. illegit. (Art. 53.1).

  • Abutilon albidum Hooker & Arn., Bot. Beechey's Voy. 278 (1838), nom. illegit. (Art. 53.1). Based on Sida albida Willd.?, but because of the ”?” this is better cited as A. albidum Hooker & Arn.

  • Abutilon album Hill, Brit. Herb. 49 (1756), not validly published (Art. 32.7); Druce, Bot. Exch. Club Soc. Brit. Isles 3: 437 (1913), nom. nud.

  • Abutilon album Hort. ex Gentil, Pl. Cult. Serres Jard. Bot. Brux. 3 (1907), nom. nud.

  • Abutilon alii Abedin, Pakistan J. Bot. 7: 193 (1975).— Type: PAKISTAN. Karachi, University Campus, 5 Nov 1970, S. A. Husain s.n. (Holotype: KUH).

  • Abutilon ambiguum Turcz., Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 31: 205 (1858).—Type: MEXICO. VERACRUZ: Mirador, H. G. Galeotti 4107 (Holotype: KW; Isotype: BR). [= Robinsonella lindeniana (Turcz.) Rose & Baker f.] Cf. Fryxell and Krapovickas (1990).

  • Abutilon americanum (L.) Sweet, Hort. Brit. ed. 1, 53 (1826). Basionym: Lavatera americana L., Syst. Nat. ed. 10, 1148 (1759). = Sida americana (L.) L., Sp. Pl. ed. 2, 963 (1763).—Type: “americana” (Holotype: LINN-871.7). [= Abutilon abutiloides (Jacq.) Garcke]

  • Abutilon americanum (L.) Druce, Rep. Bot. Exch. Club Brit. Isles 1913 (3): 413 (1914), isonym without status (Art. 6.3). Basionym: Lavatera americana L. (See preceding entry.)

  • Abutilon amoenum K. Schum. in Martius, Fl. Bras. 12(3): 41 (1891).—Type: BRAZIL. “Brasilia meridionalis,” F. Sellow s.n. (B as photo F-9261).

  • Abutilon amplexifolium (DC.) G. Don, Gen. Hist. 1: 502 (1831). Basionym: Sida amplexifolia DC., Prodr. 1: 469 (1824).—Type: “Sida acuminata,” leones Florae Mexicanae s.n. (Torner Collection acc. no. 6331.1731, Hunt Institute). Epitype [here designated]: Mexico, M. Sessé and J. M. Mociño 3448 (MA, as photo F-46750). [≡ Hochreutinera amplexifolia (DC.) Fryxell]

  • Abutilon amplissimum (L.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(3): 17 (1898). Basionym: Sida amplissima L., Sp. Pl. 685 (1753).—Type: Lectotype [Krapovickas, 1996]: Plumier, Pl. Amer. 2: t. 3. (1755). This plate is reproduced by Krapovickas, loc. cit., fig. 1. [≡ Wissadula amplissima (L.) R. E. Fr. = Wissadula hirsuta C. Presl]

  • Abutilon amplissimum var. subpeltatum Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(3): 17 (1898).—Type: BOLIVIA, 1300 m, Tunarigebirge, O. Kuntze s.n. (NY, US). [≡ Wissadula subpeltata (Kuntze) R. E. Fr.]

  • Abutilon amplum Benth., Fl. Austral. 1: 200 (1863).— Type: AUSTRALIA. Harding River, SE of Nichol Bay, Gregory Exped. s.n. (K).

  • Abutilon anderssonianum Garcke in Andersson, Kongl. Svenska Vetenskapsakad. Handl. (Galapagos Veg.) 1853: 230 (1855).—Type: ECUADOR: Galapagos, N. J. Andersson 178 (Holotype S; Isotypes: C-2, GH?, GOET, K, P?). [ = Pseudabutilon depauperatum (Hook, f.) Kearney]

  • Abutilon andrewsianum W. Fitzg., J. Proc. Roy. Soc. W. Austral. 3: 172 (1918).—Type: W. AUSTRALIA: Mt. Marmion, May 1905, W. V. Fitzgerald 505 (Isotype? SYNType? K).

  • Abutilon andrieuxii Hemsl., Diagn. Pl. Nov. Mexic. 2: 24 (1879).—Type: MEXICO. OAXACA: Tlacolula, G. Andrieux 522 (Holotype: K; Isotypes: G as photo F-23764, K, OXF, P-2).

  • Abutilon anglosomaliae Cufod. ex Thulin, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 53: 1013 (1998), nom. nov. = Abutilon molle Baker f. (1893), non Abutilon molle (Ortega) Sweet (1830).—Type: SOMALIA, plains below the Golis Range, E. Cole and E. L. Phillips s.n. (Holotype: K).

  • Abutilon angulatum (Guillem. & Perr.) Mast, in Oliv., Fl. Trop. Afr. 1: 183 (1868). Basionym: Bastardia angulata Guillem. & Perr., Fl. Seneg. Tent. 1: 65 (1831).—Type: SENEGAMBIA. “prope Dagana in regno Walo, prope Saint-Louis (Four-a-Chaux), et ad Laybar in Regno Cayor,” G. S. Perrottet 55 (Lectotype [here designated]: P).

  • Abutilon angulatum var. macrophyllum (Baker f.) Hochr., Fl. Madag., Malvac. 139 (1955). Basionym: Abutilon intermedium var. macrophyllum Baker f., J. Bot. 31: 72 (1893).—Type: MADAGASCAR. nr. Tananarivo, W. Bojer s.n. (Lectotype [here designated]: BM).

  • Abutilon anodoides A. St.-Hil. & Naud., Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. sér. 2, 18: 49 (1842).—Type: BRAZIL. Rio de Janeiro, C. Gaudichaud 945 (Holotype: P as photo F-35447; Isotype: P).

  • Abutilon appendiculatum K. Schum. in Martius, Fl. Bras. 12(3): 408 (1891). —Type: BRAZIL. Without precise locality, F. Sellow s.n. (Holotype: B, destroyed).

  • Abutilon arborescens Medik., Malvenfam. 29 (1787).—Type: unknown, [sp. dub., possibly = Abutilon indicum]

  • Abutilon arborescens Noronha ex Hasskarl in Hoeven & DeVriese, Tijdschr. 11: 215 (1844), nom. illegit. (Art. 53.1). [Broussonetiae sp.?]

  • Abutilon arboreum sensu Sweet, Hort. Brit. ed. 1, 1: 53 (1826), non Sida arborea L. f., Suppl. Pl. 307 (1782) . [= Abutilon peruvianum (Lam.) Kearney] See Kearney (1958, p. 214, note 22).

  • Abutilon arboreum (L. f.) G. Don, Gen. Hist. 1: 502 (1831). Basionym: Sida arborea L. f., Suppl. Pl. 307 (1781) [1782].—Type: Hortus Upsaliensis, ex Africa (specimen unknown). Don (1831), who cites L'Heritier (Stirp Nov. 5: 131. 1789), attributes this plant to Peru, but Linnaeus fil. explicitly states that it is African.

  • Abutilon arenarium C. T. White, Proc. Roy. Soc. Queensland 53: 204 (1942).—Type: AUSTRALIA Mitchell District, Torrens Creek, 19 Mar 1937, C. T. White 8663 (BRI).

  • Abutilon arequipense Ulbr., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 54 (Beibl. 117): 49 (1916).—Type: PERU. AREQUIPA: prov. La Unión, above Cotahuasi, 2800–2900 m, 21 Mar 1914, A. Weberbauer 6863 (Isotypes: F as photo F-56129, GH, US).

  • Abutilon aristulosum K. Schum. in Martius, Fl. Bras. 12(3): 379 (1891).—Type: BRAZIL, ad Piccada, J. E. Pohl 3289 [1321] (Holotype: B as photo F-9262; Isotype: K). [≡ Wissadula aristulosa (K. Schum.) Monteiro, fide Monteiro (1955)]

  • Abutilon aristulosum forma albiflorum Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(2): 17 (1898).—Type: BRAZIL. MATTOGROSSO: (Type not further stated).

  • Abutilon arnottianum (Gillies ex Hook.) Walp., Repert. Bot. Syst. 1: 324 (1842). Basionym: Sida arnottiana Gillies ex Hook., Bot. Misc. 3: 154 (1833).—Type: ARGENTINA. SAN LUIS: J. Gillies s.n. (Holotype: K; Isotype: OXF).

  • Abutilon asiaticum (L.) Sweet, Hort. Brit. ed. 1, 1: 53 (1826). Basionym: Sida asiatica L., Cent. Pl. II, 26 (1756).—Type: specimen unknown. [= Abutilon indicum subsp. guineënse (Schumach.) Borss. Waalk., fide Paul and Nayar (1988).] Cf. Abutilon hirsutissimum Moench

  • Abutilon asiaticum (L.) Guillem. & Perr., Fl. Seneg. Tent. 1: 67 (1831-Apr), isonym without status (Art. 6.3). Basionym: Sida asiatica L., Sp. Pl. ed. 2, 964 (1763). See preceding citation.

  • Abutilon asiaticum (L.) G. Don, Gen. Hist. 1: 503 (1831-Aug), isonym without status (Art. 6.3). Basionym: Sida asiatica L., Sp. Pl. ed. 2, 964 (1763). See preceding citations.

  • Abutilon asiaticum var. albescens (Miq.) Fosberg, Micronesica 2: 149 (1966). Basionym: Abutilon albescens Miq., Pl. Jungh. pt. 3: 285 (1854).—Type: JAVA. Tjibogam, ad pedem montium calcareorum Palimanan, F. W. Junghuhn s.n. (Lectotype [Borssum Waalkes, 1966]: L-908.135–624; Isotype: U).

  • Abutilon asiaticum var. australiense (Hochr. ex Britten) Fosberg, Micronesica 2 (Jun 1966) 150 (1966). Basionym: Abutilon indicum var. australiense Hochr. ex Britten, 111. Bot. Capt. Cook's Voy. 1: 10. t. 19 (1900).—Type: AUSTRALIA [“New Holland”]. Bustard Bay, Bay of Inlets, Endeavor's River, in 1770, J. Banks & D. Solander s.n. (Isotype [“probable”]: P). Borssum Waalkes' (1966) designation of H. O. Forbes 3330 from Timor as lectotype (G, BM, GH, K, L) is inoperative, since original material exists (cited by Fosberg, loc. cit.).

  • Abutilon asiaticum var. subasperum Fosberg, Micronesica 2: 149 (1966).—Type: MARIANAS ISLANDS. TINIAN, NE of Carolinas (Lalo) Point, F. R. Fosberg 24827 (Holotype: US; Isotypes: BISH, fo). Note: “fo” = Fosberg's personal herbarium, now dispersed.

  • Abutilon asiaticum var. supraviride Fosberg, Micronesica 2: 149 (1966).—Type: INDONESIA Tanimbar Islands, Jamdena: Kabirat, near Saumlaki, Pleyte 161 (Holotype: SING).

  • Abutilon asperifolium Ulbr., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 51: 34 (1913).—Type: Zentralafrikanisches Seengebeit: Ussukuma, H. A. Conrads 24 (Holotype: B-extant?).

  • Abutilon atropurpureum (Blume) G. Don, Gen. Hist. 1: 502 (1831). Basionym: Sida atropurpurea Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 77 (1825).—Type: JAVA, C. L. Blume s.n. (Holotype: L; Isotype: P). [ = Abutilon auritum (Link) Sweet]

  • Abutilon attenuatum B. L. Rob. & Seaton, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 28: 104 (1893).—Type: MEXICO. JALISCO: near Lake Chapala, C. G. Pringle 4354 (Holotype: GH; Isotypes: ARIZ, BM, BR, F as photo F-56142, GOET, K, MASS, MEXU, MIN, MO, MSC, MU, NY-2, P-2, PH, TEX, UC, US, VT). [= Pseudabutilon ellipticum (Schltdl.) Fryxell]

  • Abutilon aurantiacum Linden ex Turcz., Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 31: 204 (1858), nom. illegit. (Art. 52.1), since Sida integerrima Hook. f. is cited in the synonymy.—Type: Hooker, Bot. Mag. 74: t. 4360 (1848). [≡ Bakeridesia integerrima (Hook, f.) D. M. Bates]

  • Abutilon aurantiacum Linden & Planch., Trois. Voy. Linden, Pl. Columb. 1: 44 (1863), nom. illegit. (Art. 53.1), non Abutilon aurantiacum Linden ex Turcz. (1858).—Type: VENEZUELA. CARABOBO: près de Puerto Cabello, J. J. Linden 1508 (Syntype: GH) and N. Funck 753 (Syntype: BR?).

  • Abutilon aurantiacum S. Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. 20: 357 (1885), nom. illegit (Art. 53.1), non Abutilon aurantiacum Linden ex Turcz. (1858).— Type: MEXICO. BAJA CALIFORNIA SUR: Todos Santos Bay, Jan 1883, C. C. Parry s.n. (Syntype: GH); Tijuana, May 1883, C. Orcutts.n. (Syntypes: GH, K, MO); C. Orcutt 835 (Syntypes: CAS, GH). [= Abutilon palmeri A. Gray]

  • Abutilon aureum (A. St.-Hil.) Sweet, Hort. Brit. ed. 3, 80 (1839). Basionym: Gaya aurea A. St.-Hil., Fl. Bras. Mer. 1: 193. t. 38 (1828).— Type: BRAZIL. MINAS GERAIS: Desert du Rio S. Francisco, prope Mangahy et praedium vulgo Capao do Cleto, A. St.-Hilaire 1238 (Holotype: P; Isotype; P as photo F-35491).

  • Abutilon auritum (Link) Sweet, Hort. Brit. ed. 1, 53 (1826) . Basionym: Sida aurita Wall, ex Link, Enum. Hort. Berol. Alt. 2: 206 (1822).— Type: Calcutta Botanic Garden ex Java introduction, N. Wallich 1860 (NEOType [Borssum Waalkes, 1966]: K-W; ISONEOTypes: BR, P).]

  • Abutilon australe C. Presl, Bot. Bemerk. 20 (1845).—Type: AUSTRALIA. Based on: Hort. Bot. Berol., but without description, nom. nud.

  • Abutilon australe Garcke, Ind. Semin. Bot. Berol. 1861 Appendix 10 (1861). Also given by Garcke op. cit. anno 1857, but without description.—Type: AUSTRALIA, (specimen unknown).

  • Abutilon australe var. malvifolium (Benth.) Baker f., J. Bot. 31: 268 (1893). Basionym: Abutilon oxycarpum var. malvifolium Benth., Fl. Austral. 1: 204 (1863).—Type: AUSTRALIA. Mount Murchison in NSW, J. Dallachy s.n. (MEL?).

  • Abutilon austroafricanum Hochr., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 6: 25 (1902).—Type: AFRICA. HEREROLAND: Okomita, K. Dinter 509 (Syntype: Z); Africa austr. Litakoun, Lemue s.n. (Syntype: G-DEL).

  • Abutilon avicennae Gaertn., Fruct. Sem. Pl. 2: 251. t. 135. f. 1 (1791).—Type: Holotype: Gaertner's plate 135, fig. 1. [= Abutilon theophrasti Medik.]

  • Abutilon avicennae var. chinense Skvortzow (as “chinensis”), Lingn. Sci. J. 6: 220 (1928).— Type: CHINA. N. MANCHURIA (Type not further stated). [= Abutilon theophrasti var. chinense (Skvortzow) S. Y. Hu]

  • Abutilon avicennae forma nigrum Skvortzow (as “nigra”), Lingn. Sci. J. 6: 220 (1928).—Type: CHINA. N. MANCHURIA (Type not further stated). [≡ Abutilon theophrasti var. nigrum (Skvortzow) S. Y. Hu]

  • Abutilon badium S. A. Husain & Baquar, Phyton 15(3–4): 229 (1974).—Type: PAKISTAN. Manghopir, 23 Jul 1970, S. A. Husain s.n. (CLH).

  • Abutilon bakeri Rusby, Bull. New York Bot. Gard. 4: 329 (1907), nom. illegit. (Art. 52.1)— Type: BOLIVIA. COROICO: Yungas, 22 Jul 1894, M. Bang 2357 (Holotype: NY; Isotypes: C-2, CAS [fragment], CM, F as photo F-56127, -56128, GH, K, PH, US). [≡ Abutilon cyclonervosum Hochr., q.v.]

  • Abutilon bakerianum Rose, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 5: 133 (1897).—Type: MEXICO. OAXACA: Tomellin Canyon, C. G. Pringle 6278 (Lectotype [Bates 1973]: US; ISOLectotypes: A, BM, BR, CAS, CM, ENCB, F, GH, GOET, K, MASS, MEXU, MIN, MSC, MO, NY, P-2, PH, TEX, UC, US, VT). [≡ Bakeridesia bakeriana (Rose) D. M. Bates]

  • Abutilon balansae (Hassl.) Hassl., Repert. Nov. Spec. Regni Veg. 7: 376 (1909). Basionym: Wissadula balansae Hassl., Bull. Herb. Boissier sér. 2, 7: 458 (1907) , nom. illegit (Art. 53.1), non Wissadula balansae Baker f. (1893).—Type: PARAGUAY. San Bernardino, E. Hassler 390 (Lectotype [here designated]: NY). [= Pseudabutilon benense (Britton) Fryxell]

  • Abutilon barrancae M.E. Jones, Contr. W. Bot. 18: 57 (1933).—Type: MEXICO. JALISCO: La Barranca, M. E. Jones 27162 (Lectotype [Fryxell, 1988]: POM-192430; ISOLectotypes: BM-2, NY, POM-193309, UC, US). [= Pseudabutilon scabrum (C. Presl) R. E. Fr.]

  • Abutilon bastardioides Baker f. ex Rose, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 1: 306 (1895).— Type: MEXICO. COLIMA: 27–28 Feb 1891, E. Palmer 1314 (Holotype: US; Isotype: NY).

  • Abutilon bathiei Hochr., Candollea 2: 121 (1925).—Type: MADAGASCAR. lie Europa, H. Perrier de la Bâthie 13805 (P). [= Abutilon pseudocleistogamum Hochr.]

  • Abutilon bedfordianum (Hook.) A. St.-Hil. & Naud., Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. sér. 2, 18: 48 (1842). Basionym: Sida bedfordiana Hook., Bot. Mag. 68: plate 3892 (1841).—Type: BRAZIL, in montibus Serra dos Orgãos prope Rio de Janeiro, G. Gardner 320 (Lectotype [here designated]: G-DEL; ISOLectotype: NY).

  • Abutilon bedfordianum subsp. concolor (K. Schum.) R. E. Fr., Kongl. Svenska Vetenskapsakad. Handl. 42(12): 31 (1908). Basionym: Abutilon bedfordianum var. concolor K. Schum..— Type: BRAZIL. Organ Mtns., G. Gardner 320 (Lectotype: G-DEL; Isotype: NY). [= subsp. bedfordianum]

  • Abutilon bedfordianum var. concolor K. Schum. in Martius, Fl. Bras. 12(3): 417 (1891).— Type: BRAZIL. Organ Mtns., G. Gardner 320 (Lectotype [here designated]: G-DEL; Isotype: NY). [ = var. bedfordianum]

  • Abutilon bedfordianum subsp. discolor (K. Schum.) R. E. Fries, Kongl. Svenska Vetenskapsakad. Handl. 42(12): 31 (1908). Basionym: Abutilon bedfordianum var. discolor K. Schum. in Martius, Fl. Bras. 12(3): 418 (1891).—Type: BRAZIL. SÃO PAULO: Capoeira prope Rio Branco, A. Löfgren 661 (Lectotype [here designated]: C as photo F-21595).

  • Abutilon bedfordianum var. discolor K. Schum. in Martius, Fl. Bras. 12(3): 418 (1891).—Type: BRAZIL. SAO PAULO: Capoeira prope Rio Branco, A. Lofgren 661 (Lectotype [here designated]: C as photo F-21595).

  • Abutilon bedfordianum var. grandiflorum R. E. Fr., Kongl. Svenska Vetenskapsakad. Handl. 42(12): 31. 1908.—Type: BRAZIL. Itatiaia, Maciera, P. K. H. Dusen 641 (Holotype: S).

  • Abutilon bedfordianum var. hirsutum R. E. Fr., Kongl. Svenska Vetenskapsakad. Handl. 42(12): 31 (1908).—Type: BRAZIL. MINAS GERAIS: J. F. Widgren 508 (Syntype: S, pro parte); Caldas, A. F. Regnell III-168 (SYNType: S, pro parte).

  • Abutilon bedfordianum var. tomentellum R. E. Fr., Kongl. Svenska Vetenskapsakad. Handl. 42(12): 31 (1908).—Type: BRAZIL, [ca. 8 specimens cited, all but one “pro parte”-the exception thus chosen as lectotype:] Serra do Itatiaia, 1400–1500 m, E. Hemmendorff 548 (Lectotype [here designated]: S).

  • Abutilon behrianum F. Muell., Trans. Philos. Soc. Victoria 1: 13 (1854).—Type: AUSTRALIA. Murray [River], F. Mueller s.n. (SYNType: K). [= Abutilon theophrasti Medik.]

  • Abutilon benadirense Mattei, Boll. Ort. Bot. Palermo n.s., 1: 96 (1915).—Type: SOMALILAND. Torda, Macaluso 117 (Syntype: PAL); Giumbo, G. Paoli 244 (Syntype: FI).

  • Abutilon benedictum Bunbury, Proc. Linn. Soc. London 1: 109 (1841).—Type: BRAZIL. MINAS GERAIS: in sylvis caeduis (capoeiras dictis), C. Bunbury s.n. (specimen unknown). Schumann (1891) does not account for this name.

  • Abutilon benense (Britton) Baker f., J. Bot. 31: 338 (1893). Basionym: Sida benensis Britton, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 16: 153 (1889).—Type: BOLIVIA. Junction of the Rivers Beni and Madre de Dios, H. H. Rusby 1455 (Holotype: NY; Isotypes: CAS, CTES, GH, K, MICH, NY, P, PH, US). [= Pseudabutilon benense (Britton) Fryxell]

  • Abutilon berlandieri S. Watson ex A. Gray, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 20: 358 (1885).—Type: MEXICO. TAMAULIPAS: San Fernando, J. L. Berlandier 3050 (Holotype: GH; Isotypes: MO, NY, P, PH, US).

  • Abutilon betschuanicum Ulbr., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 51: 15 (1913).—Type: AFRICA. BETSCHUANALAND: Kuruman, 1200 m, in saxosis, R. Marloth 1090 (B?). [= Abutilon matopense Gibbs]

  • Abutilon bicolor Phil, ex K. Schum. in Martius, Fl. Bras. 12(3): 433 (1891); Anal. Univ. Chile 82: 323 (1893).—Type: CHILE. Santiago: R. A. Philippi s.n. (B as photo F-9263). [= Corynabutilon bicolor (Phil, ex K. Schum.) Kearney]

  • Abutilon bidentatum Hochst. ex A. Rich., Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 68 (1847). Type: ABYSSINIA [ = ETHIOPIA]. Choho, Dillon and A. Petit s.n. (Lectotype [Abedin, 1979]: P-herb. Richard); ETHIOPIA. Tigray Region, prope Agaur, W. Schimper LI-1003 (Lectotype [Naqshi et al., 1988]: K; Isolectotypes: Fl-Webb, MO, NY, P). Abedin's choice of lectotype has precedence over that of Naqshi et al.

  • Abutilon bidentatum var. forrestii (S. Y. Hu) Abedin, Fl. W. Pakistan 130: 64 (1979). Basionym: Abutilon forrestii S. Y. Hu, Fl. China, Fam. 153, 34 (1955).—Type: CHINA. YUNNAN: on the Yungpe mountain (latit. 26°45′N), Sep 1913, G. Forrest 1135 (Holotype: K).

  • Abutilon bidentatum var. major (Blatt. & Hallb.) Bhandari, Fl. Indian Desert 60 (1978). Basionym: Abutilon indicum var. major Blatt. & Hallb., J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 26: 266 (1918).—Type: INDIA. Amarsagar, in ruderalis, Jaisalmer, Nov 1918, E. Blatter 5644 (Holotype: BLAT).

  • Abutilon blandum Fenzl, Delect. Sem. Hort. Bot. Vindob. anno 1857, p. 3 (1858), nom. nud.

  • Abutilon blepharocarpum Mattei, Boll. Ort. Bot. Palermo n.s., 1*. 93 (1915).—Type: SOMALILAND. Merca nelle dune, Macaluso 45bis (Syntype: PAL); Sponde dell' Uebi Gof, Gamana, vallata del Giuba, Scassellari 132/15 (Syntype: FI).

  • Abutilon bracteosum Fryxell, Brittonia 32: 262 (1980).—Type: MEXICO. OAXACA: Mpio. de San Pedro Mixtepec, 6 km al N de Puerto Escondido sobre la terracería a San Gabriel Mixtepec, S. D. Koch and P. A. Fryxell 78408 (Holotype: CHAPA; Isotypes: CTES, ENCB, MICH, NY, TEX).

  • Abutilon braunii Baker f., J. Bot. 74: 193 (1936).—Type: TANZANIA. Usambara: Mombo steppe, Braun 127 (Holotype: “Amani herbarium”).

  • Abutilon brenesii Standi., Publ. Field Mus Nat. Hist., Bot. Ser. 18: 664 (1937).—Type: COSTA RICA. Río Jesús de San Ramón, Brenes 3587 (Holotype: F).

  • Abutilon bridgesii Baker f., J. Bot. 31: 338 (1893).—Type: BOLIVIA, 1847, Bridges s.n. (Holotype: BM; Isotypes: CTES [fragment], K).[ = Pseudabutilon virgatum (Cav.) Fryxell]

  • Abutilon briquetii Hochr. ex Reineck & Czermak, Pl. Bras. Merid. sér. 2, no. 156 This name was apparently never validly published-cf. Kearney (1958, note 27).-Based on: BRAZIL. RIO GRANDE DO SUL: Porto Alegre, bei Canoas, Dec 1898, Reineck and Czermak 156 (K, M as photo F-19680). [= Abutilon umbelliflorum A. St.-Hil.]

  • Abutilon buchii Urb., Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 7: 498 (1921).—Type: HAITI. Port-au-Prince, 100 m, W. Buch 1305 (Isotype: GH). [ = Abutilon haitiense Urb.]

  • Abutilon burandtii Fryxell, Syst. Bot. 12: 274 (1987).—Type: VENEZUELA. LARA: S of Barquisimeto on road from Agua Viva to Caserio Terepaima, P. A. Fryxell and C. L. Burandt 4320 (Holotype: VEN; Isotypes: CTES, MER, MO, MY, NY, PORT, TEX).

  • Abutilon bussei Giirke ex Ulbr., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 48: 368 (1912).— Type: MOZAMBIQUE. On coast Lindi, road to Pili-Pili-Quelle, W. C. O. Busse 2423 (B?, EA?).

  • Abutilon cabrae De Wild. & Durand, Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belg. 38(2): 16 (1900).— Type: AFRICA. Bas-Congo, 1897, A. F. F. Cabra s.n. (Holotype: BR).

  • Abutilon “caldemni” Standi., [so.listed in IPNI, sphalm. “calderonii”-see following]

  • Abutilon calderonii Standi., J. Washington Acad. Sci. 14: 99 (1924).—Type: EL SALVADOR. San Salvador, 1923, S. Calderon 1639 (Holotype: US-1152613). [= Abutilon andrieuxii Hemsl.]

  • Abutilon calderonii var. longipilum Standi., J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 14: 99 (1924).— Type: EL SALVADOR. Zacatecoluca, S. Calderon 330 (Holotype: US-1151348). [= Abutilon haenkeanum C. Presl?]

  • Abutilon californicum Benth., Bot. Voy. Sulphur 8 (1844).— Type: MEXICO. BAJA CALIFORNIA: Magdalena Bay, 1841, R. B. Hinds s.n. (Holotype: K).

  • Abutilon calliphyllum Domin, Biblioth. Bot. 22 (895): 950 (1928).—Type: AUSTRALIA. QUEENSLAND: near Hughenden, 1910, K. Domin s.n. (Holotype: PR).

  • Abutilon calycinum C. Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 2: 116 (1836) .—Type: PERU, T. Haenke s.n. (Lectotype [Fryxell, 1992]: PR; Isotype: PR). [= Abutilon mollissimum (Cav.) Sweet]

  • Abutilon carinatum Krapov., Hickenia 1(51): 271. fig. 1A-C (1982) [as “carinatus”].— Type: BRAZIL. MINAS GERAIS: Piau, P. Heringer 717 (Holotype: SP-47409). A photo of the holotype is reproduced by Krapovickas, loc. cit. fig. 2.

  • Abutilon carneum A. St.-Hil., Fl. Bras. Merid. 1: 205 (1827) .—Type: BRAZIL. RIO DE JANEIRO: ad ripas amnis dicti Rio das Austras, A. St.-Hilaire 163 (Lectotype [here designated]: P; Isotypes: P as photo F-35448, P). [= Abutilon esculentum A. St.-Hil.]

  • Abutilon carterae Kearney, Madroño 13: 114 (1953).—Type: MEXICO. BAJA CALIFORNIA: Arroyo de Tabor, Sierra de la Giganta, W of Puerto Escondido, A. Carter and L. Kellogg 2871 (Holotype: UC; Isotypes: CAS, DS, MEXU, NY?, US). [= Abutilon xanti A. Gray]

  • Abutilon caveleriei H. Lév., Repert. Nov. Spec. Regni Veg. 12: 185 (1913).— Type: CHINA. Kweichow, Nov 1905, Cavalerie s.n. (K?, P?). [= Abutilon indicum (L.) Sweet]

  • Abutilon cecilii N. E. Br., Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1906: 99 (1906), as “Cecili” Type: RHODESIA. Manika Distr., on the Inyanga Mountains, 18002100 m, Cecil 196 (Holotype: K?). [= Abutilon longicuspe Hochst.] Abutilon cecilii is treated as distinct by Vollesen (1995).

  • Abutilon ceratocarpum (Hook. & Arn.) Gay, Fl. Chil. 1: 331 (1846). Basionym: Sida ceratocarpa Hook. & Arn. in Hooker, Bot. Misc. 3: 154 (1833).—Type: CHILE, C. Gay 795 (Isotype: P). [≡ Corynabutilon ceratocarpum (Hook. & Arn.) Kearney]

  • Abutilon ceratocarpum var. parviflorum K. Schum. in Martius, Fl. Bras. 12(3): 434 (1891) [as “parviflora”].—Type: VENEZUELA, prope Topo, E. Otto 906 (B-extant?).

  • Abutilon chachapoyense (Baker f.) Krapov., Bonplandia 3: 34 (1969). Basionym: Sida chachapoyensis Baker f., J. Bot. 30: 324 (1892).— Type: PERU. Chachapoya, Mathews 3049 (K, OXF). [≡ Tetrasida chachapoyensis (Baker f.) Fryxell & Fuertes]

  • Abutilon chapelieri Baill., Bull. Soc. Linn., Par. 1: 508 (1885).—Type: MADAGASCAR, without locality, Chapelier s.n. (Holotype: P). [≡Wissadula chapelieri (Baill.) Baker f.]

  • Abutilon chiriquinum A. Robyns, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 52: 574 (1966).—Type: PANAMA. CHIRIQUI: vicinity of El Boquete, Bro. Maurice 705 (Holotype: US; Isotype: MO). [= Abutilon divaricatum Turcz.]

  • Abutilon chittendenii Standi., Trop. Woods 10: 5 (1927) .—Type: HONDURAS. YORO: near Olanchito, Record and Kuylen H.63 (Holotype: US; Isotypes: A, GH, NY). [= Bakeridesia integerrima (Hook, f.) D. M. Bates]

  • Abutilon cinctum Brandegee, Zoe 3: 348 (1893).—Type: MEXICO. SONORA: Las Durasnillas, 18 May 1892, T. S. Brandegee s.n. (Holotype: UC; Isotype: US). [≡ Bastardiastrum cinctum (Brandegee) D. M. Bates]

  • Abutilon cinereum Griseb., Abh. Königl. Ges. Wiss. Göttingen (Symb. Fl. Argent.) 24: 45 (1879).—Type: ARGENTINA. SALTA: Pasage del Fl. Juramento, P. G. Lorentz and G. Hieronymus 291 (Holotype: GOET; Isotypes: CTES, UC). [≡ Pseudabutilon cinereum (Griseb.) Krapov.]

  • Abutilon circinnatum (Spreng.) G. Don, Gen. Hist. 1: 502 (1831). Basionym: Sida circinnata Willd. ex Spreng., Syst. 3: 119 (1826).—Type: PERU. MARAÑON: F. H. A. von Humboldt and A. Bonpland s.n. (Holotype: B-W no. 12669). [= Bastardia viscosa (L.) H.B.K.]

  • Abutilon cistiflorum (Blume) G. Don, Gen. Hist. 1: 503 (1831). Basionym: Sida cistiflora Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 2: 77 (1825) ex Schltdl., Linnaea 1: 652 (1826), nom. illegit. (Art. 53.1) non Sida cistiflora L'Hér. 1789.—Type: JAVA. Bogor Botanic Garden, C. L. Blume s.n. (Isotypes: L, P). [ = Herissantia crispa (L.) Brizicky]

  • Abutilon clausenii Krapov., Bonplandia 3: 37 (1969), non Abutilon macrophyllum A. St.-Hil. & Naud. 1842. Basionym: Bastardia macrophylla Ulbr., Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 6: 324 (1915).—Type: BRAZIL. RIO DE JANEIRO: in der Capoeira bei Nova Friburgo, E. H. G. Ule 3630 (Holotype: B as photo F-9403; Isotype: R). [≡ Akrosida macrophylla (Ulbr.) Fryxell & Fuertes]

  • Abutilon coahuilae Kearney, Madrono 12: 115 (1953).—Type: MEXICO. COAHUILA: Cerro de Santiago near Bolívar, C. A. Purpus 4617 (Holotype: UC; Isotypes: F, US).

  • Abutilon coccineum Hort. ex Regel, Cat. Pl. Hort. Aksakov. 1 (1860), nom. nud.

  • Abutilon commune Oken, Allg. Naturgesch. 3(2): 1213 (1841).— Type:, unknown. [= Abutilon theophrasti Medik.]

  • Abutilon commutatum K. Schum. in Martius, Fl. Bras. 12(3): 405 (1891).—Type: not stated. Lectotype. PUERTO RICO. Guanica, inter Montalba et Salinas, 7 Feb 1886, Sintenis 3738 (Lectotype [here designated]: NY; ISOLectotypes: P, TEX, US). [≡ Abutilon leucophaeum Hochr., nom. superfL] Grisebach (1859, p. 78) extended the concept of Abutilon pedunculare H.B.K. to include West Indian plants. Schumann (loc. cit.) asserted that the West Indian material was not conspecific with it (A. pedunculare H.B.K. being allied to A. reflexum [cf. Burandt and Fryxell, 1990]) and further that Grisebach's concept embraced two species. One of these was to be placed under the earlier name A. pauciflorum St.-Hil., and the other merited recognition as a distinct species, A. commutatum. For the latter species Schumann (loc. cit.) cited a Cuban specimen and “ample” Puerto Rican material in the herbaria of Krug and of Urban, but cited no specimens specifically, except for a reference to a collection of Sintenis (not otherwise identified). Clearly, Sintenis 3738 was the Puerto Rican specimen referred to, since Urban (Symbolae Antillanae 4: 386. 1910) explicitly cited it, although the Urban/Krug material (at B) is no longer extant. In describing A. pedunculare sensu Griseb., Grisebach cited four collections, all from Jamaica, which were not mentioned (even indirectly) by Schumann. Therefore, the Sintenis collection is chosen as lectotype for Abutilon commutatum and thereby the synonymy of A. commutatum and A. leucophaeum is ensured. This accords with a letter (from B. P. G. Hochreutiner to N. L. Britton, 18 May 1923) attached to the isotype of A. leucophaeum (at NY), in which Hochreutiner agrees that “his” species (A. leucophaeum) is a synonym of A. commutatum, as was published by Urban (loc. cit.), who had studied and compared the original material.

    Britton and Wilson (1924) describe this species as having “petals white, fading rose, somewhat longer than the calyx,” a description that could apply to A. hulseanum, which they did not include. Their interpretation was followed by Liogier and Martorell (1982).

  • Abutilon confertiflorum A. Rich., Hist. Fis. Cuba, Bot. 10: 153 (1845).— Type: CUBA, R. de la Sagra s.n. (Holotype: P ex herb. Richard). [= Abutilon permolle (Willd.) Sweet]

  • Abutilon contractum (Link) Sweet, Hort. Brit. ed. 2, 64 (1830). Basionym: Sida contracta Link, Enum. Hort. Berol. Alt. 2: 204 (1822).— Type: Hort. Bot. Berlin ex MADAGASCAR (Holotype: B, destroyed); Neotype: VENEZUELA. Caracas: prope Tabacal, N. Funck [as ”Galeotti”] 460 (Neotype [here designated]: P). [≡ Wissadula contracta (Link) R. E. Fr.] This species is not otherwise known from Madagascar; probably it was originally attributed to Madagascar in error.

  • Abutilon cordatum Garcke & K. Schum. in Martius, Fl. Bras. 12(3): 369 (1891).— Type: ECUADOR. GUAYAQUIL: Cerro Santa Ana, Jameson 605 (Holotype: unknown; Lectotype [Fryxell, 1992] : OXF; Isolectotypes: BM, US).[= Abutilon dispermum (Hochr.) Fryxell] Note: A specimen at K bearing the identification “Jameson 605” is in fact a specimen of Pseudabutilon umbellatum (L.) Fryxell.

  • Abutilon cornutum (Willd.) Sweet, Hort. Brit. ed. 2, 65 (1830). Basionym: Sida cornuta H.B.K. ex Willd., Enum. Pl. Hort. Berol. 724 (1809).—Type: ex hort. Berlin, s. coll. s.n. (Holotype: B- W no. 12668 as photo F- 9798).

  • Abutilon cornutum Dalz. ex T. Cooke, Fl. Bombay 98 (1901), nom. illegit. (Art. 53.1).— Type: Sind, AT. A. Dalzell 8 (lectotype [here designated]: K).

  • Abutilon costicalyx K. Schum. in Martius, Fl. Bras. 12(3): 414 (1891); ex Baker f., J. Bot. 31: 271 (1893), but the species is not accepted by either Schumann or Baker, and is thus not validly published (Art. 34.1).-Based on: BRAZIL. Sao Joao del Rei, A. F. M. Glaziou 15837 (B as photo F-9265, P). [= Abutilon scabridum K. Schum., q.v. ≡ Bakeridesia scabrida (K. Schum.) Fryxell, comb, nov.]

  • Abutilon crassifolium (L'Hér.) G. Don, Gen. Hist. 1: 504 (1831). Basionym: Sida crassifolia L'Hér., Stirp. Nov. 1: 125. t. 60 (1789).—Type: Hort. Paris, ex HISPANIOLA, Thierry s.n. (Lectotype [here designated]: G-DC).[= Abutilon abutiloides (Jacq.) Garcke ex Hochr.]

  • Abutilon crassifolium var. tomentosum (Cav.) G. Don, Gen. Hist. 1: 504 (1831). Basionym: Sida tomentosa Cav., Descr. Pl. 164 (1802).—Type: cultivated plant ex “America,” (Holotype [cf. Garilleti, 1993] : MA-29791). [= Abutilon abutiloides (Jacq.) Garcke ex Hochr.]

  • Abutilon crassinervium Hochst. ex Mattei, Boll. Ort. Bot. Palermo n.s., 1: 100 (1915).— Type: ETHIOPIA, s. loc., W. Schimper in Hohenacker 169 (Holotype: PAL).[= Abutilon longicuspe Hochst.]

  • Abutilon crinitum Klotzsch, Linnaea 14: 301 (1840).—Type: BRAZIL. BAHIA: Cruz de Casma, Luschnath s.n. (Holotype: B, destroyed). [ = Wissadula hirsuta C. Presl = Wissadula amplissima (L.) R. E. Fr.]

  • Abutilon crispifolium (Cav.) Dusén, Arkiv Bot. 7(2): 28 (1907). Basionym: Sida crispifolia Cav., Ic. Pl. 5: 11. t. 419 (1799).—Type: AMERICA meridionalis portu vulgo Deseado, L. Née s.n. (Holotype: MA-29780). [≡ Neobaclea crispifolia (Cav.) Krapov.]

  • Abutilon crispum (L.) Medik., Malvenfam. 29 (1787). Basionym: Sida crispa L., Sp. Pi. 685 (1753).—Type: Dillenius, Hort. Eltham. t. 5. f. 5 (1732) (Lectotype [Borssum Waalkes, 1966]). [≡ Herissantia crispa (L.) Brizicky]

  • Abutilon crispum (L.) Sweet, Hort. Brit. ed. 1, 53 (1826) , isonym without status (Art. 6.3). Basionym: Sida crispa L., Sp. Pl. 685 (1753).— Type: Dillenius, Hort. Eltham. t. 5. f. 5 (1732) (Lectotype [Borssum Waalkes, 1966]). [≡ Herissantia crispa (L.) Brizicky]

  • Abutilon crispum var. imberbe (DC.) Griseb., Fl. Brit. W. I. 80 (1859).— Type: “Guadalupa et Sancto Domingo,” 1820, C. G. Bertero s.n. (Holotype: G-DC). [= Herissantia crispa (L.) Brizicky]

  • Abutilon crispum var. svensonii J. F. Macbr., Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot. Ser. 13(3A): 495 (1956).—Type: PERU. PIURA: Amotape Hills, O. L. Haught and H. K. Svenson 11543 (Holotype: F?).

  • Abutilon croizatianum Moscoso, Cat. Fl. Domingensis 1: 356 (1943), nom. nov. ≡ Sida pubescens Cav., Diss. 1: 33. t. 7. f. 6 (1785), non Abutilon pubescens Moench (1794).—Type: SANTO DOMINGO, J. Jussieu s.n. (P; possible Type: MA-476276 [cf. Garilleti, 1993, p. 135]). [= Abutilon indicum (L.) Sweet]

  • Abutilon cryptopetalum (F. Muell.) F. Muell. ex Benth., Fl. Austral. 1: 201 (1863). Basionym: Sida cryptopetala F. Muell., Fragm. 2: 11. (1860/61).—Type: W. AUSTRALIA, ad Toodyay, J. Drummond s.n. (Syntype: MEL?); prope White Peak, A. F. Oldfield and P. Walcott s.n. (Syntype: MEL?).

  • Abutilon cryptopetalum Caum in O. Deg., Fl. Hawaiiensis Fam. 221. K7 (1933), nom. illegit. (Art. 53.1) .—Type: U.S.A. HAWAII: Maui, Maunalei Valley, G. C. Munro 511 (Holotype: BISH). [≡ Abutilon eremitopetalum Caum, q.v.]

  • Abutilon cubanum Millsp., Publ. Field Columbian Mus., Bot. Ser. 2: 70 (1900).—Type: CUBA. SANTIAGO: San Juan Hill, C. F. Millspaugh 1051 (Holotype: F as photo F-56211). [= Gaya occidental (L.) Sweet]

  • Abutilon cunninghamii Benth., Fl. Austral. 1: 205 (1863).—Type: AUSTRALIA. Enderby Island, NW Coast, July 1818, A. Cunningham 127 (Lectotype [here designated]: K). [= Abutilon indicum fide Wheeler et al. (1992)]

  • Abutilon cuspidatum Pittier, J. Washington Acad. Sci. 19: 181 (1929).—Type: VENEZUELA. MÉRIDA: between La Vega and San Juan, Chama Valley, H. F. Pittier 12760 (Holotype: US as photo F-40817; Isotype: NY).

  • Abutilon cyclonervosum Hochr., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 6: 27 (1902).— Type: BOLIVIA. COROICO: Yungas, 22 Jul 1894, M. Bang 2357 (Holotype: NY; Isotypes: CAS [fragment], CM, F as photo F-56127, -56128, GH, K, PH, S-2). [≡ Abutilon bakeri Rusby (1907), nom. superfl.]

  • Abutilon cymosum Triana & Planch., Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. sér. 4, 17: 185 (1862).— Type: PANAMA. VERAGUAS: volcán de Chiriquí, B. C. Seemann 1628 (Lectotype [Robyns 1966]: K). [≡ Pseudabutilon cymosum (Triana & Planch.) Fryxell]

  • Abutilon cysticarpum Hance ex Walp., Ann. Bot. Syst. 2: 157 (1851); Hance, Pl. Nov. Austr. Chin. Diagn. 10 (1866).— Type: CHINA. HONGKONG: H. F. Hance s.n. (Holotype: BM). [ = Abutilon indicum (L.) Sweet]

  • Abutilon darwinii Hook, f., Bot. Mag. t. 5917 (1871).—Type: BRAZIL. (Holotype: plate 5917, loc. cit.).

  • Abutilon darwinii var. trinerve Regel, Gartenflora 23: 130. t. 794 (1874).—Type: (Holotype: plate 794, loc. cit.).

  • Abutilon decarpum Raf., New Fl. Amer. 1: 40 (1836), nom. illegit. (Art. 52.1). Basionym: Sida abutiloides Jacq., Observ. Bot. 1: 17. t. 17 (1764). [≡ Abutilon abutiloides (Jacq.) Garcke ex Hochr.]

  • Abutilon deflexum Moench, Methodus 1: 620 (1794), nom. illegit. (Art. 52.1). Basionym: Sida occidental L., Cent. Pl. II 26 (1756) ≡ Abutilon occidentale (L.) Medik., 1787.—Type: Dillenius, Hort. Eltham. t. 6 (1732). [≡ Gaya occidentalis (L.) Sweet]

  • Abutilon demissum Fryxell, Brittonia 32: 263 (1980).— Type: MEXICO. OAXACA: 1–2 km al oeste de Puerto Angel, S. D. Koch and P. A. Fryxell 78402 (Holotype: CHAPA; Isotypes: BH, BM, CAS, CTES, ENCB, F as photo F-53121, K, MEXU, MO, NY, TEX, WIS). [= Pseudabutilon orientale (Standi. & Steyerm.) Fryxell]

  • Abutilon densiflorum (Hook. & Arn.) Walp., Repert. Bot. Syst. 1: 324 (1842). Basionym: Sida densiflora Hook. & Arn., Bot. Misc. 3: 155 (1833).—Type: BRAZIL, J. Baird s.n. (Holotype: K as photo CTES). [≡ Bastardiopsis densiflora (Hook. & Arn.) Hassl.]

  • Abutilon densivillosum Mattei, Boll. Ort. Bot. Palermo n.s., 1: 91 (1915).—Type: SOMALILAND. Mogadiscio, zona litoranea e dune, Macaluso 39 (Holotype: PAL).

  • Abutilon dentatum Rose, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 8: 318 (1905).— Type: MEXICO. CHIHUAHUA, Oct 1885, C. G. Pringle 306 (Holotype: US; IsoTypes: BM, BR, CAS, F, GH, K, MASS, MICH, NA, NY-2, P, PENN, PH, TEX, US, VT). [= Abutilon abutiloides (Jacq.) Garcke]

  • Abutilon denticulatum (Fresen.) Webb, Fragm. Fl. Aethiop.-Aegypt. 51 (1854). Basionym: Sida denticulata Fresen., Mus. Senckenb. 1: 182 (1834).—Type: EGYPT. Thai Hebran, Ruppell s.n. (specimen unknown). [= Abutilon fruticosum Guillem. & Perr.]

  • Abutilon depauperatum (Hook, f.) Andersson, Kongl. Svenska Vetenskapsakad. Handl. (Galapagos Veg.) 1853: 230 (1855). Basionym: Sida depauperata Hook, f., Trans. Linn. Soc. 20: 232 (1847).—Type: ECUADOR. GALAPAGOS: Charles Island, Sep 1835, C. Darwin s.n. (Holotype: CGE). [≡ Pseudabutilon depauperatum (Hook, f.) Kearney]

  • Abutilon dianthum C. Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 2: 114 (1836) .— Type: PERU, “in montibus huancorensibus,” T. Haenke s.n. (Lectotype [Fryxell, 1992] : PR; ISOLectotypes: PR, W as photo F-32630).

  • Abutilon dinteri Ulbr., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 51: 17 (1913).—Type: SOUTHWEST AFRICA. Oka-handja, Otjihua, 1200 m, K. Dinter 462 (Lectotype [here designated]: P; ISOLectotype: WAG).

  • Abutilon diplotrichum F. Muell. ex Schltdl., Linnaea 25: 380 (1853).— Type: AUSTRALIA, near Cudnaka, F. Mueller s.n. (Lectotype [Barker 1996]: MEL-516338; ISOLectotype: MEL-526348). [≡ Abutilon fraseri subsp. diplotrichum (F. Muell.) R. M. Barker]. Schlechtendal makes the combination Sida (subgen. Abutilon) diplotricha; therefore, the name Abutilon diplotrichum was not validly published by him (Art. 33.1).

  • Abutilon discissum (Bertol.) Schltdl., Linnaea 25: 218 (1852). Basionym: Sida discissa Bertol., Mem. Mat. Fis. Soc. Ital. Sci. Modena, Pt. Mem. Fis. 23: 305. t. 1 (1844).—Type: specimen unknown (BOLO?). Lectotype [here designated]: Bertoloni's plate 1, loc. cit. [= Neobrittonia acerifolia (G. Don) Hochr.]

  • Abutilon discolor Baker f., J. Bot. 31: 73 (1893), nom. illegit. (Art. 52.1), since based on same type as Abutilon notolophium (1862).—Type: MEXICO. VERACRUZ: near Tantoyuca, J. L. Berlandier 2163 [= 743] (Lectotypes [Bates, 1973]: BM, F, GH, NY, US). [≡ Bakeridesia notolophium (A. Gray) Hochr.]

  • Abutilon dispermum (Hochr.) Fryxell, Fl. Ecuador 44: 12 (1992). Basionym: Wissadula disperma Hochr., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 20: 114 (1917).—Type: PERU. J. A. Pavón s.n. (Holotype: G as photo F-23755).]

  • Abutilon divaricatum Turcz., Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 31: 204 (1858).—Type: MEXICO. VERACRUZ: Mirador, H. G. Galeotti 4071 (Lectotype [Fryxell, 1976]: KW; ISOLectotypes: BR, G as photo F-23765, K, P). Cf. Fryxell and Krapovickas (1990).

  • Abutilon divaricatum var. hintonii Fryxell, Brittonia 32: 265 (1980).— Type: MEXICO. MÉXICO: Distr. Temascaltepec, Pantoja, G. B. Hinton et al. 7431 (Holotype: K; Isotypes: K, MICH, NY).

  • Abutilon domingense Turcz., Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 31: 205 (1858).— Type: [HISPANIOLA] SANTO DOMINGO, B. Jaeger s.n. (Holotype: KW; Isotype: OXF).[= Abutilon abutiloides (Jacq.) Garcke] Cf. Fryxell and Krapovickas (1990).

  • Abutilon dubium Mattei, Boll. Ort. Bot. Palermo n.s., 1: 91 (1915). Type: ETHIOPIA. Verso il Tigrè, A. Figari s.n. (Holotype: FI). [= Abutilon fruticosum Guillem. & Perr.]

  • Abutilon dugesii S. Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 21: 447 (1886).—Type: MEXICO. GUANAJUATO: 1883, E. Dugès s.n. (Holotype: GH).

  • Abutilon durandoi Mattei, Boll. Ort. Bot. Palermo n.s., 1: 101 (1915), as “Durardoi”.— Type: ALGERIA. Alger-Metidja, Jun-Aug 1889, G. L. Durando s.n. (Holotype: PAL).

  • Abutilon durangense Rose & York ex Rose, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 10: 123. t. 40 (1906).—Type: MEXICO. DURANGO: 1896, E. Palmer 587 (Holotype: US; Isotypes: BM, F, GH, NY, UC). [ = Abutilon simulans Rose]

  • Abutilon eetveldeanum De Wild. & Durand, Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belg. 38(2): 17 (1899).—Type: AFRICA (specimen unknown).

  • Abutilon eggersii Baker f., J. Bot. 31: 75 (1893).—Type: BAHAMAS. New Providence: Seven Hills, H. F. A. von Eggers 4288 (Holotype: BM, as photo US). [= Phymosia abutiloides (L.) Ham.]

  • Abutilon elaeocarpoides Webb, Fragm. Fl. Aethiop.- Aegypt. 53 (1854).—Type: NUBIA, ad pagum Cordofanum Milbes, 29 Nov 1839, K. G. T. Kotschy 278 (Lectotype [here designated]: P; ISOLectotypes: FI?, MO). [= Abutilon ramosum Guillem. & Perr.]

  • Abutilon elatum (Macfad.) Griseb., Fl. Brit. W. I. 79 (1859). Basionym: Sida elata Macfad., Fl. Jamaic. 1: 87 (1837).—Type: JAMAICA: J. Macfadyen s.n. (Holotype: K-herb. Hooker). [= Abutilon giganteum (Jacq.) Sweet]

  • Abutilon elegans A. St.-Hil., Fl. Bras. Merid. 1: 207 (1827) .—Type: BRAZIL. Serra Negra ad limites prov. Minas Geraes et Rio de Janeiro, A. St.-Hilaire s.n. (Holotype: P as photo F-35452; IsoType: P).

  • Abutilon elegans (Colla) Walp., Repert. Bot. Syst. 1: 325 (1842), nom. illegit. (Art. 53.1). BASIONYM: Sida elegans Bertero ex Colla, Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Torino 35: 155 (1833).—Type: [COLOMBIA.] cultivated plant “in caldario” from seeds from Santa Marta (Holotype: specimen unknown, TO?).

  • Abutilon ellipticum Schltdl., Linnaea 11: 368 (1837).—Type: MEXICO. MICHOACÁN: Tlalpujahua, 1830, F. W. Keerl s.n. (Holotype: HAL;Isotype: BR). [≡ Pseudabutilon ellipticum (Schltdl.) Fryxell]

  • Abutilon elongatum Moench, Suppl. Meth. 205 (1802), nom. illegit. (Art. 52.1). Basionym: Sida indica L., Cent. Pl. II 26 (1756).—Type: Hortus Upsaliensis (Lectotype [Borssum Waalkes 1966]: LINN-866.29). [≡ Abutilon indicum (L.) Sweet]

  • Abutilon endlichii Ulbr., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 48: 367 (1912) .—Type: AFRICA. [KENYA]. Massaihochland: Flussniederung am Engare Nairobi, 1450 m, R. Endlich 520 (M?).

  • Abutilon englerianum Ulbr., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 51: 30 (1913) .—Type: AFRICA. HEREROLAND: Grootfontein, steinige Abhange, K. Dinter 905 (Holotype: B-extant?).

  • Abutilon eremitopetalum Caum, Occas. Papers Bishop Mus. 10(15): 7 (1934), nom. nov., in adnot. Based on: Abutilon cryptopetalum Caum (1933), non A. cryptopetalum (F. Muell.) F. Muell. ex Benth. (1863)—Type: U.S.A. HAWAII: Maui, Maunalei Valley, G. C. Munro 511 (Holotype: BISH). Abutilon eriocarpum Speg. ex Stuck., Ann. Soc. Cient. Argent. 114: 9 (1932), nom. nud.

  • Abutilon erosum Schltdl., Linnaea 11: 367 (1837).—Type: MEXICO. MICHOACÁN: Tlalpujahua, 1830, F. W. Keerl s.n. (Holotype: HAL; Isotype: BR). [= Bastardia bivalvis (Cav.) H.B.K.]

  • Abutilon erythraeum Mattei, Boll. Ort. Bot. Palermo n.s., 1: 88 (1915). — Type: ERITREA, s. loc., A Terracciano s.n. [306?] (SYNType: PAL); EGYPT. Valli del Fazoglide, Sep-Oct, A. Figari s.n. (Syntype: FI); EGYPT, alta Nubia, A. Figari s.n. (Syntype: FI).

  • Abutilon esculentum A. St.-Hil., Fl. Bras. Merid. 1: 240 (1827).—Type: BRAZIL, “prope Sebastiano- polis” [Rio de Janeiro], A. St.-Hilaire 73B (Lectotype [here designated]: P as photo F-35451; Isotypes: B as photo F-9266, P, US). [= Bakeridesia purpurascens (Link) Monteiro]

  • Abutilon esquirolii H. Lév., Bull. Acad. Int. Géogr. Bot. 23: 252 (1914).— Type: CHINA. GUIZHOU: Goui-Teou, 700 m, J. H. Esquirol 3668 (Isotype: GH). [= Urena repanda Roxb., fide Hu (1955).]

  • Abutilon eufigarei Chiov., Bull. Soc. Bot. Ital. 1917: 23. (1917).—Type: NUBIA. Fazogl sulle sponde del Nilo Bleu, A. Figari 1867 (FI?).

  • Abutilon excelsior (Cav.) G. Don, Gen. Hist. 1: 500 (1831). Basionym: Sida excelsior Cav., Diss. 1: 27. t. 5. f. 3 (1785).—Type: PERU. J. Jussieu s.n. (Holotype: MA-29799 [cf. Garilleti, 1993]; Isotype: P-JU no. 12310). [≡ Wissadula excelsior (Cav.) C. Presl]

  • Abutilon eximium Linden & Planch., Trois. Voy. Linden, Bot., Pl. Columb. 1: 45 (1863) [1874], nom. illegit. (Art. 52.1) ≡ Abutilon pyramidale Turcz. (1858) .—Type: VENEZUELA. Barquisimeto et Humocaro-Bajo, N. Funck and L. J. Schlim 749 (Lectotype [here designated]: W as photo F-32634; Isolectotypes: MPU, P).

  • Abutilon exonemum F. Muell., Fragm. 11: 63 (1879).—Type: AUSTRALIA. Nickol River, J. Forrest s.n. (Holotype: MEL?).

  • Abutilon exstipulare (Cav.) G. Don, Gen. Hist. 1: 503 (1831). Basionym: Sida exstipularis Cav., Diss. 1: 31. t. 7. f. 3 (1785).—Type: Ins. Bourbon. P. Commerson s.n. (Lectotype [Marais, 1987]: P-JU 12319; Isotype: P; possible Type [Garilleti, 1993] : MA-476316). [= Abutilon indicum var. australiense Hochr., fide Borssum Waalkes (1966)]

  • Abutilon exstipulare (Cav.) Jacob de Cordem., Fl. Réunion 325 (1895), isonym without status (Art. 6.3) . Basionym: Sida exstipularis Cav. See preceding entry.

  • Abutilon falcatum A. St.-Hil. & Naud., Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. sér 2, 18: 48 (1842).— Type: BRAZIL. Rio de Janeiro, C. Gaudichaud 944 (Holotype: P; IsoTypes: G as photo F-23766, P). Possibly a synonym, fide Garcke (1893), of Abutilon schenkii K. Schum.

  • Abutilon ferrugineum H.B.K., Nov. Gen. Sp. 5: 271 (1822).—Type: ECUADOR, “prope Loxam Peruvianorum,” F. H. A. von Humboldt and A. Bonpland s.n. (Holotype: P-HBK). [≡ Wissadula ferruginea (H.B.K.) Garcke & K. Schum.] Note: Loja is in Ecuador, not Peru.

  • Abutilon figarianum Webb, Fragm. Fl. Aethiop.-Aegypt. 52 (1854).—Type: NUBIA, ad montem Cordofanum Arasch Cool, 14 Oct 1839, K. G. T. Kotschy 180 (Lectotype [here designated]: P- herb. Durand; Isolectotypes: E, K, MO-2, P- herb. Steudel).

  • Abutilon flanaganii A. Meeuse, Bothalia 7: 483 (1961).—Type: AFRICA. CAPE PROVINCE: Komgha, near Komgha, H. G. Flanagan 340 (Holotype: PRE; Isotype: NBG).

  • Abutilon flavum Ulbr., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 51: 26 (1913)—Type: GROSS-NAMALAND. Satans- platz, an den Steilufern des Tsub, K. Dinter 2077 (Syntype: B-extant?); Inachab, K. Dinter 984 (Syntype: B-extant?).

  • Abutilon flavum Ostenf., Dansk Bot. Ark. 2(8): 21. fig. 6 (1918), nom. illegit. (Art. 53.1).— Type: WESTERN AUSTRALIA, near the jetty at Derby, 7 Nov 1914, C. E. H. Ostenfeld 1171 (C). See preceding entry.

  • Abutilon floribundum Schltdl., Linnaea 11: 366 (1837) .—Type: MEXICO. MICHOACÁN: Tlalpujahua, 1830, F. W. Keerl s.n. (Holotype: HAL; Isotype: BR). [≡ Allowissadula floribunda (Schltdl.) Fryxell]

  • Abutilon flueckigerianum K. Schum. in Martius, Fl. Bras. 12(3): 370 (1891).—Type: URUGUAY. F. Sellow 1741 (Syntype: specimen not located); ARGENTINA. G. Niederlein 266 (SYNType: specimen not located).] [ = Abutilon malachroides A. St.-Hil. & Naud.]

  • Abutilon fluviatile (Veil.) K. Schum. in Martius, Fl. Bras. 12(3): 400 (1891). Basionym: Sida fluviatilis Veil., Fl. Flum. 278 (1825) [1827]; t. 7 (1827) [1829] .—Type: Lectotype [here designated]: plate 7, loc. cit. EPIType: BRAZIL. Aquaeduct bei Rio de Janeiro, A. C. V. Schott s.n. (B as photo F- 9267). In the absence of a Vellozo specimen, the only specimen cited by Schumann (loc. cit.) is an appropriate choice as epitype.

  • Abutilon foetidum (Cav.) Moench, Suppl. Meth. 206 (1802). Basionym: Sida foetida Cav., Diss. 6: 349. t. 196. f. 1 (1788).—Type: PERU. Lima, ex R. Hort. Paris (Holotype: MA? [cf. Garilleti, 1993, p. 127]). [= Bastardia viscosa (L.) H.B.K.]

  • Abutilon forrestii S. Y. Hu, Fl. China, Fam. 153: 34 (1955).—Type: CHINA. YUNNAN: on the Yungpe mountain (latit. 26°45'N), Sep 1913, G. Forrest 11135 (K). See: Abutilon bidentatum var. forrestii.

  • Abutilon fragile Brandegee, Zoe 5: 156 (1903).—Type: MEXICO. BAJA CALIFORNIA SUR: cape Region, Sierra de la Trinidad, Nov. 1902, T. S. Brandegee s.n. (Holotype: UC). [= Abutilon californicum Benth.]

  • Abutilon fraseri (Hook, f.) Walp., Ann. Bot. Syst. 2: 158 (1851). Basionym: Sida fraseri Hook. f. in Mitchell, Trop. Austral. 368. (1848).— Type: AUSTRALIA. Brisbane River, C. Fraser & Smith s.n. (Holotype: K?).

  • Abutilon fraseri subsp. diplotrichum (F. Muell.) R. M. Barker, Muelleria 9: 113 (1996). Basionym: Abutilon diplotrichum F. Muell., nom. illegit. (Art. 33.1) ex Schltdl., Linnaea 25: 751 (1853).—Type: AUSTRALIA, near Cudnaka, F. Mueller s.n. (Lectotype [Barker, 1996]: MEL-516338; Isolectotype: MEL-516348).

  • Abutilon fraseri var. diplotrichum (F. Muell.) Domin, Biblioth. Bot. 22 (895): 954 (1928), nom. illegit. (Art. 52.1), since var. parviflorum is given in synonymy. Basionym: Abutilon diplotrichum F. Muell. ex Schltdl., Linnaea 25: 751 (1853).—Type: AUSTRALIA, near Cudnaka, F. Mueller s.n. (Lectotype [Barker, 1996]: MEL-516338; Isolectotype: MEL-516348). [= Abutilon fraseri subsp. diplotrichum (Schltdl.) R. M. Barker]

  • Abutilon fraseri var. halophilum (F. Muell.) Benth., Fl. Austral. 1: 205 (1863). Basionym: Abutilon halophilum F. Muell..— Type: AUSTRALIA. Flinders Range, montem Brown, Nov 1851, F. Mueller s.n. (Lectotype [Barker, 1996]: MEL-594392).

  • Abutilon fraseri var. parviflorum Benth., Fl. Austral. 1: 205 (1863).— Type: AUSTRALIA. Mt. Goning-berri proper, 30 Dec 1860, H. Beckler, s.n. (Lectotype [here designated]: MEL-111389; Isolectotypes: K-herb. Hooker, MEL-111388). [ = Abutilon fraseri subsp. diplotrichum (F. Muell.) R. M. Barker]

  • Abutilon frutescens Medik., Malvenfam. 29 (1787).—Type: unknown.

  • Abutilon fruticosum Guillem. & Perr., Fl. Seneg. Tent. 1: 70 (1831).—Type: SENEGAL, in insula Saffal, fluminis Senegal prope Saint-Louis, 1825, F. R. Leprieur s.n. (Lectotype [here designated]: P; Isolectotype: P-herb. Dugand).

  • Abutilon fruticosum var. chrysocarpum Blatt. & Hallb., J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 26: 277 (1918); Bhandari, Fl. Indian Des. 61 (1978).— Type: INDIA. Jaisalmer (Rajasthan), E. Blatter 5660 (Holotype: BLAT).

  • Abutilon fruticosum var. microphyllum (A. Rich.) Abedin, Fl. W. Pakistan 130: 58 (1979). Basionym: Abutilon microphyllum A. Rich., Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 70 (1847).— Type: ABYSSINIA [ = ETHIOPIA]. Choho, R. Quartin-Dillon and A. Petit s.n. (Holotype: P).

  • Abutilon fruticosum var. saidae Abedin, Fl. W. Pakistan 130: 101 (1979).— Type: PAKISTAN. Sargodha Distr., ca. 1 mi from Katwai, Qaiser 2623 (Holotype: KUH; Isotype: KUH).

  • Abutilon fugax Domin, Biblioth. Bot. 22 (895): 952 (1928).— Type: AUSTRALIA. QUEENSLAND: on the Flinders River near Hughenden, 1910, K. Domin s.n. (Holotype: PR).

  • Abutilon furfurellum Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. (Fl. Ind. Batav.) 1: 144 (1855).— Type: JAVA. H. Zollinger s.n. (Isotypes: GH, U). [= Sida thyrsiflora Miq., fide Borssum Waalkes (1966)]

  • Abutilon fuscicalyx Ulbr., Repert. Nov. Spec. Regni Veg. 13: 498 (1915).— Type: BOLIVIA australis, prope Paicho vicum haud procul a Tarija oppido, 2900 m, 4 Feb 1904, K. Fiebrig 3039 (Holotype: B as photo F-9269; Isotypes: A, NY, U, US). Note: The photo of the holotype includes drawings of dissected floral parts, presumably by Ulbrich.

  • Abutilon galeottii Baker f., J. Bot. 31: 73 (1893).—Type: MEXICO. VERACRUZ: H. G. Galeotti4103 (Lectotype [Bates, 1973]: K; Isolectotypes: BR, G, P). [= Bakeridesia ferruginea (Martyn in Mill.) Krapov.]

  • Abutilon galpinii A. Meeuse, Bothalia 7: 484 (1961).— Type: TRANSVAAL. Barberton, Umvoti Creek, E. R. Galpin 767 (Holotype: PRE; Isotype: GRA).

  • Abutilon garckei Baker f., J. Bot. 31: 336 (1893), nom. nov., based on: Sida acerifolia sensu Garcke, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 15: 491 (1893), non Sida acerifolia Medik. (1787).—Type: CHILE. Valdivia, W. Lechler 376a (Isotype: P). [= Corynabutilon vitifolium (Cav.) Kearney]

  • Abutilon gaumeri Standi., Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot. Ser. 8: 24 (1930).— Type: MEXICO. YUCATÁN: G. F. Gaumer 24072 (Holotype: F as photo F-56140; Isotypes: A, BM, C-2, F, GH, MO, NY, US). [≡ Bakeridesia gaumeri (Standi.) D. M. Bates]

  • Abutilon gebauerianum Hand.-Mazz., Symb. Sin. 7: 607 (1933).—Type: CHINA. YUNNAN: Feb 1914, Gebauer s.n. (W?).

  • Abutilon geminiflorum H.B.K., Nov. Gen. Sp. 5: 274. t. 474 (1822)—Type: VENEZUELA, prope Caracas, F. H. A. von Humboldt and A. Bonpland 1132 (Holotype: P-HBK; Isotype: B-W no. 12680, as photo F-9795).

  • Abutilon geranioides (DC.) Benth., Fl. Austral. 1: 202 (1863). Basionym: Sida geranioides DC., Prodr. 1: 474 (1824).—Type: W. AUSTRALIA, 1801, T. N. Baudin s.n. (Holotype: P; Isotype: P).

  • Abutilon ghafoorianum Abedin, Fl. Pakistan 130: 101 (1979) .—Type: PAKISTAN. Sahiwal Distr., 1 mi from Chichewatni, S. Abedin 7508 (Holotype: KUH).

  • Abutilon giganteum (Jacq.) Sweet, Hort. Brit. ed. 1, 1: 53 (1826). Basionym: Sida gigantea Jacq., Pl. Rar. Hort. Schoenbr. 2: 8. t. 141 (1797).—Type: loc. cit., plate 141.

  • Abutilon giganteum (Jacq.) C. Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 2: 116 (1835), isonym without status (Art. 6.3). Basionym: Sida gigantea Jacq. See preceding entry.

  • Abutilon giganteum var. detonsum Triana & Planch., Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. sér. 4, 17: 183 (1962).—Type: COLOMBIA, près de Tocaima, dans le vallee du Magdalena, J. J. Triana [?] s.n. (specimen not located).

  • Abutilon glabriflorum Hochr., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 21: 439 (1920).—Type: MEXICO. TAMAULIPAS: vicinity of Victoria, May-Jun 1907, E. Palmer 373 (Holotype: NY; IsoTypes: CM, F-2 as photos F-56137, F-56138, GH, K, MO, NY, UC, US).

  • Abutilon glaucum (Cav.) Sweet, Hort. Brit. ed. 1, 54 (1826). Basionym: Sida glauca Cav., Icones 1: 8. t. 11 (1791).—Type: SENEGAL, (possible Type [Garilleti, 1993, p. 127]: MA-476318). [= Abutilon pannosum (G. Forst.) Schltdl.]

  • Abutilon glaucum (Cav.) G. Don, Gen. Hist. 1:504 (1831), isonym without status (Art. 6.3). Basionym: Sida glauca Cav. See preceding citation.

  • Abutilon glaziovii K. Schum. in Martius, Fl. Bras. 12(3): 408 (1891).— Type: BRAZIL. Petropolis, near Rio de Janeiro, A. F. M. Glaziou 10307 (Holotype: B as photo F-9270; Isotypes: C-2, K, P-2).

  • Abutilon glechomifolium A. St.-Hil., Fl. Bras. Merid. 1: 198. t. 411 (1827) (as “glechomaefolium”).—Type: URUGUAY. CISPLATINA, A. St.-Hilaire 2435 (Holotype: P). [≡ Wissadula glechomifolium (A. St.-Hil.) R. E. Fr. (as “glechomatifolium”)]

  • Abutilon globiflorum (Hook.) G. Don, Gen. Hist. 1: 502 (1831). Basionym: Sida globiflora Hook., [Curtis'] Bot. Mag. 55: t. 2821 (1828).—Type: MAURITANIA?, Mathews 1550 (specimen not located). Note. Baker (1893, p. 271) casts doubt on its geographic origin, suggesting Peru or Chile as its actual provenance. G. Don (loc. cit.) says it is either Periptera or a new genus, but the plate clearly represents an Abutilon.

  • Abutilon goldmanii Baker f. & Rose, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 5: 170 (1899).—Type: MEXICO. VERACRUZ: Papantla, E. A. Goldman 86 (Holotype: US; Isotype: GH). [= Bakeridesia notolophium (A. Gray) Hochr.]

  • Abutilon goudotianum Triana & Planch., Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. sér. 4, 17: 184 (1862).— Type: COLOMBIA [“New Granada”]: Bogotá: entre Tocaima et Magdalena, 1844, J. Goudot s.n. (Lectotype [here designated]: P). [= Bakeridesia integerrima (Hook, f.) Bates]

  • Abutilon grandidentatum Fryxell, Madroño 23: 324 (1976).—Type: MEXICO. OAXACA: Cerro Guiengola, T. B. MacDougall H143 (Holotype: NY; Isotypes: CAS, F as photo F-56136, NY, TEX).

  • Abutilon grandiflorum G. Don, Gen. Hist. 1: 504 (1831).—Type: GUINEA. colU (BM?). [= Abutilon indicum (L.) Sweet]

  • Abutilon grandifolium (Willd.) Sweet, Hort. Brit. ed. 1, 53 (1826). Basionym: Sida grandifolia Willd., Enum. Hort. Berol. 2: 724 (1809).—Type: Hort. Bot. Berolinensis (Holotype: B-W no. 12714).

  • Abutilon grantii A. Meeuse, Fl. Zambes. 1: 493 (1961). Type: NATAL. “Port Natal” (Durban), A. G. Grant s.n. (Holotype: K; Isotype: PRE).

  • Abutilon graveolens (Roxb. ex Hornem.) Wight & Arn., Cat. Indian Pl. 13 (1833). Basionym: Sida graveolens Roxb. ex Hornem., Suppl. Hort. Bot. Hafn. 77 (1819).— Type: INDIA orient., W. Roxburgh s.n. (Holotype: C; Isotypes: BR, K, PH?). [= Abutilon hirtum (Lam.) Sweet] Note: Abutilon graveolens is treated as distinct by Vollesen (1995).

  • Abutilon graveolens (Roxb. ex Hornem.) Seem., Bot. Voy. Herald 365 (1857), isonym without status (Art. 6.3). Based on: Sida graveolens Roxb. See preceding entry.

  • Abutilon graveolens var. hirtum (Lam.) Mast, in Hook, f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 327 (1874). Basionym: Sida hirta Lam., Encycl. 1: 7 (1783).—Type: INDIA. P. Sonnerat s.n. (Holotype: P-LA). [≡ Abutilon hirtum (Lam.) Sweet]

  • Abutilon graveolens var. queenslandicum Domin, Biblioth. Bot. 22 (895): 952 (1928), in obs.—Type: AUSTRALIA. QUEENSLAND: J. MacGillivray s.n. (specimen not located).

  • Abutilon greveanum (Baill.) Hochr., Fl. Madagasc., Fam. 129: 137 (1955). Basionym: Sida greveana Baill., Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Paris 1: 504 (1885).—Type: MADAGASCAR. Morondava, Grève 22 (Holotype: P; Isotype: P). See Abutilon intermedium var. greveanum.

  • Abutilon grevilleanum (Gillies ex Hook.) Walp., Repert. Bot. Syst. 1: 324 (1842). Basionym: Sida grevilleana Gillies ex Hook., Bot. Misc. 3: 154 (1833).—Type: ARGENTINA. MENDOZA: J. Gillies 139 (Holotype: K; Isotypes: G as photo F-8000, GH, OXF). [= Pseudabutilon virgatum (Cav.) Fryxell]

  • Abutilon grewiifolium (Ulbr.) Krapov., Bonplandia 3: 39 (1969). Basionym: Abutilothamnus grewiifolius Ulbr., Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 6: 316. 1915. — Type: BRAZIL. Rio Acre, E. H. G. Ule 9589 (Holotype: B as photo F-9336; Isotypes: CTES [fragment], G, K, MG). [≡ Bastardiopsis grewiifolia (Ulbr.) Fuertes & Fryxell, comb, nov.]

  • Abutilon guichenotianum Decne., Nouv. Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. sér. 3, 3: 434 (1834).— Type: TIMOR. A. Guichenot s.n. (Holotype: P). [= Abutilon auritum (Wall.) Merr.]

  • Abutilon guineënse (Schumach.) Baker f. & Exell, J. Bot. 74 (Suppl.): 22 (1936). Basionym: Sida guineensis Schumach., Kongel. Dansk. Vidensk. Selsk. Naturvidensk. Math. Afh. 4: 81 (1829).—Type: GUINEA [= GHANA], T. Thonning38 (C-5, S). [≡ Abutilon indicum subsp. guineënse (Schumach.) Borss. Waalk.]) . See Hepper (1976, p. 69).

  • Abutilon gymnanthemum Griseb., Abh. Königl. Ges. Wiss. Göttingen (Symb. Fl. Argent.) 24: 47 (1879).—Type: ARGENTINA. CATAMARCA: Quebrada de Choya, F. Schickendantz 209 (Lectotype [here designated]: GOET; Isotype: B as photo F-9301). [≡ Wissadula gymnanthemum (Griseb.) K. Schum.]

  • Abutilon haenkeanum C. Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 2: 115 (1835). [≡ Sida presliana D. Dietr., Syn. Pl. 4: 856 (1847) ].—Type: MEXICO, “in terris mexicanus occidentalibus,” T. Haenke s.n. (Holotype: PR; Isotypes: BM, MO, PR, W as photo F-32631). Abutilon haitiense Urb., Symb. Antill. 5: 417 (1908).—Type: HAITI. L. Picarda 136b (Holotype: B-extant?).

  • Abutilon halophilum F. Muell. ex Schltdl., Linnaea 25: 381 (1853).—Type: AUSTRALIA. Flinders Range, montem Brown, Nov 1851, F. Mueller s.n. (Lectotype [Barker, 1996]: MEL-594392). See: Abutilon fraseri var. halophilum.

  • Abutilon hannii Baker f., J. Bot. 31: 268 (1893).—Type: AUSTRALIA. QUEENSLAND: Cape York Peninsula, W. Hann 76 (Holotype: K).

  • Abutilon harmsianum Ulbr., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 51: 29 (1913).—Type: HEREROLAND. Omaruru, K. Dinter 1427 (Holotype: B-extant?). [= Abutilon ramosum (Cav.) Guillem. & Perr.]

  • Abutilon hassleranum Hochr., Bull. Herb. Boissier sér. 2, 5: 90 (1904); Pl. Hassl. 2: 550 (1904).—Type: PARAGUAY, ad marginem sylvae Cordillera de Altos, E. Hassler 347a (Holotype: G). [≡ Hochreutinera hasslerana (Hochr.) Krapov.]

  • Abutilon hassleranum forma johnsonii (Ekman) Hassl., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 8: 120 (1910). Basionym: Abutilon johnsonii Ekman, Arkiv Bot. Stockh. 9(4): 22 (1909).—Type: ARGENTINA. MISIONES: Posadas in novalis prope praedium “Las Granja,” E. L. Ekman 157 (Holotype: S?; Isotype: G as photo F-23768). [= Hochreutinera hasslerana (DC.) Krapov.]

  • Abutilon hassleranum forma pilcomayense Hassl., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 8: 120 (1910).—Type: ARGENTINA. Gran Chaco, ad marginas silvarum ad flumen Pilcomayo, T. Rojas 284 (Holotype: G).

  • Abutilon hastatum Ridl., Trans. Linn. Soc. London Bot., sér. 2, 3: 279 (1893).—Type: MALAYA, Kuala Berar, H. N. Ridley s.n. (Holotype: SING). [= Wissadula periplocifolia (L.) C. Presl exThwaites]

  • Abutilon hemsleyanum Rose, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 10: 123 (1906), nom. nov. Basionym: Abutilon sidoides Hemsl. (1879), non Abutilon sidoides Dalzell & Gibson (1861).—Type: MEXICO. SAN LUIS POTOSI: C. C. Parry and E. Palmer 89 (Holotype: K; Isotypes: BM, NY, US). [= Pseudabutilon ellipticum (Schltdl.) Fryxell]

  • Abutilon hernandioides (L'Hér.) Sweet, Hort. Brit. ed. 1, 1: 53 (1826). Basionym: Sida hernandioides L'Hér., Stirp. Nov. 2: 121. t. 58 (1789).—Type: in Hort. Paris ex HISPANIOLA (G?). [≡ Wissadula hernandioides (L'Hér.) Garcke]

  • Abutilon herzogianum R. E. Fr., Meded. Rijks. Herb. 19: 45 (1913).— Type: BOLIVIA, zwischen Atajado und Parapiti, T. Herzog 1185 (Holotype: not located, S?, U?; Isotype: B as photo F-9272).

  • Abutilon heterotrichum Hochst. ex Mast, in Oliv., Fl. Trop. Afr. 1: 187 (1868) pro syn., thus not validly published (Art. 34.1)

  • Abutilon heterotrichum Hochst. ex Mattei, Boll. Reale Ort. Bot. Palermo n.s., 1: 90 (1915).—Type: ABYSSINIA [= ETHIOPIA], in montibus prope Dschadscha, W. Schimper 2306 (Holotype: PAL; Isotypes: K, P). [= Abutilon hirtum (Lam.) Sweet]

  • Abutilon hirsutissimum Moench, Suppl. Meth. 205 (1802), nom. illegit. (Art. 52.1). Basionym: Sida asiatica L., Cent. Pl. II. 26 (1756).—Type: specimen unknown. See Abutilon asiaticum (L.) Sweet.

  • Abutilon hirsutum Rumph., Herb. Amboin. 4: 29 (1743). Not validly published (Articles 13.1, 32.1, 34.7).

  • Abutilon hirsutum (Veil.) K. Schum. in Martius, Fl. Bras. 12(3): 437 (1891). Basionym: Sida hirsuta Veil., Fl. Flum. 279 (1825) [1829]; t. 20 (1827) [1831].—Type: Vellozo's plate 20.

  • Abutilon hirsutum (Phil.) Reiche, Fl. Chile 1: 219 (1895), nom. illegit. (Art. 53.1), non Abutilon hirsutum (Veil.) K. Schum. (1891). Basionym: Anoda? hirsuta Phil., Linnaea 28: 675 (1856).—Type: CHILE. CHILLAN: in andibus, P. Germain s.n. (Holotype: SGO).

  • Abutilon hirtum (Lam.) Sweet, Hort. Brit. ed. 1, 1: 53 (1826). Basionym: Sida hirta Lam., Encycl. 1: 7 (1783).—Type: INDIA, P. Sonnerat s.n. (Holotype: P-LA). See: Abutilon graveolens var. hirtum.

  • Abutilon hirtum (Lam.) G. Don, Gen. Hist. 1: 503 (1831), isonym without status (Art. 6.3). Based on: Sida hirta Lam. See preceding citation.

  • Abutilon hirtum Jacob de Cordem., Fl. Réunion 326 (1895), isonym without status (Art. 6.3). Based on: Sida hirta Lam., See preceding citations.

  • Abutilon hirtum var. heterotrichum (Mattei) Cufod., Bull. Jard. Bot. Etat 29 (Suppl.) 536 (1959). Basionym: Abutilon heterotrichum Hochst. ex Mattei (1915).—Type: ABYSSINIA [= ETHIOPIA]. Dschadscha, W. Schimper 2306 (Isotypes: K, P).[= Abutilon hirtum (Lam.) Sweet] •

  • Abutilon hirtum var. yuanmouense K. M. Feng, Fl. Yunnanica 2: 204 (1979).—Type: CHINA. YUNNAN: K. Huang 324 (Holotype: HY).

  • Abutilon holosericeum Scheele, Linnaea 21: 471 (1848) .—Type: U.S.A. TEXAS: F. J. Lindheimer III-354 (Holotype: LZ-destroyed?; Lectotype [here designated]: NY; Isotypes: ASU, BM, GOET, K-4, MO, NY, OXF, P, PH-2, UPS, US-2). Note: Scheele obtained Lindheimer specimens from Roemer, the main part of whose collections were at LZ and are now lost. [≡ Allowissadula holosericea (Scheele) D. M. Bates]

  • Abutilon holstii K. Schum. ex Engl, Abh. Königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1894: 65 (1894).— Type: Usambara, C. H. E. W. Holst 8936 (Isotypes: P-2). Note: The specimens are labelled Abutilon holstii Giirke.

  • Abutilon holwayi Rose, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 8: 318 (1905) .—Type: MEXICO. OAXACA: near city, E. W. D. Holway 5374 (Holotype: US). [= Abutilon simulans Rose]

  • Abutilon hulseanum (Torr. & A. Gray) Torr. in A. Gray, Mem. Amer. Acad. Arts 4 (Pl. Fendl.): 23 (1849) . Basionym: Sida hulseana Torr. & A. Gray, Fl. N. Amer. 1: 233 (1838).— Type: U.S.A. FLORIDA: Tampa Bay, Hulse s.n. (Holotype: NY). The validity of the publication of this name can be questioned (Art. 34.1) since Gray stated “S[ida] hulseana Torr. & Gray I.e. (Abutilon hulseanum Torr. inedit.) is probably Abutilon confertiflorum.”

  • Abutilon hybridum Voss, Vilm. Blumengaertn., ed. 3, 1: 135 (1894).—Type: unknown.

  • Abutilon hypoleucum A. Gray, Smithsonian Contr. Knowl 3 (art. 5) (Pl. Wright.) 1: 20 (1852).—Type: MEXICO. NUEVO LEÓN: Monterrey, J. L. Berlandier s.n. (Lectotype [Fryxell, 1988]: K).

  • Abutilon ibarrense H.B.K., Nov. Gen. Sp. 5: 272 [folio ed. 211] (1822).— Type: ECUADOR. [IMBABURA:] “In Regno Quitensi, prope villa de Ibarra,” F. H. A. von Humboldt and A. Bonpland 2197 (Holotype: P-HBK; Isotypes: B-W no. 12706 as photo F-9793, P-2).

  • Abutilon imberbe (DC.) G. Don, Gen. Hist. 1: 502 (1831). Basionym: Sida imberbis DC., Prodr. 1: 469 (1824).— Type: “Guadalupa et Sancto Domingo,” 1820, C. G. Bertero s.n. (Holotype: GDC). [= Herissantia crispa (L.) Brizicky]

  • Abutilon impressum Hochst. ex Mattei, Boll. Ort. Bot. Palermo n.s., 1: 95 (1915). — Type: ETHIOPIA, auf Berg und Thai, Tigray Region, W. Schimper 2333 (Holotype: PAL; Isotype: P). [= Abutilon figarianum Webb]

  • Abutilon inaequale (Link & Otto) K. Schum. in Martius, Fl. Bras. 12(3): 407 (1891). Basionym: Sida inaequalis Link & Otto, Icon. Pl. Select. 75. t. 34 (1825) .—Type: BRAZIL. (Lectotype [here designated]: plate 34, loc. cit.). No specimen was found in herb. Willdenow.

  • Abutilon inaequilaterum A. St.-Hil., Fl. Bras. Merid. 1: 198. t. 40 (1827).—Type: BRAZIL. Serra Negra du cote de l'habitation de S. Joao, A. St.-Hilaire 141 (Holotype: P; Isotypes: P-2).

  • Abutilon incanum (Link) Sweet, Hort. Brit. ed. 1, 53 (1826) . Basionym: Sida incana Link, Enum. Hort. Berol. Alt. 2: 204 (1822).—Type: U.S.A. HAWAII [“in insulis Sandwich”] (specimen unknown); Neotype: U.S.A. HAWAII. [“Ins. Sandwich”]: Woahoo [Oahu], May 1825, J. Macrae s.n. (NeoType [here designated]: BM).

  • Abutilon incanum subsp. pringlei (Hochr.) Felger & C. H. Lowe, J. Arizona Acad. Sci. 6: 83 (1970). Basionym: Abutilon pringlei Hochr.—Type: U.S.A. ARIZONA: Sierra Tucson, 21 Apr 1884, C. G. Pringle s.n. (Holotype: NY; Isotypes: K, US). [= Abutilon incanum (Link) Sweet]

  • Abutilon inclusum Urb., Symb. Antill. 5: 416 (1908).—Type: HAITI, prope Petite-Coupe, 150 m, W. Buch 825 (Holotype: B-extant?; Isotype: GH).

  • Abutilon indicum (L.) Sweet, Hort. Brit. ed. 1, 1: 54 (1826) . Basionym: Sida indica L., Cent. Pl. II 26 (1756).—Type: Hort. Upsal. (Lectotype [Borssum Waalkes, 1966]: LINN-866.29).

  • Abutilon indicum subsp. albescens (Miq.) Borss. Waalk., Blumea 14: 173. fig. 19c (1966). Basionym: Abutilon albescens Miq., Pl. Jungh. 285 (1854).—Type: JAVA Palimanan, F. W. Junghuhn s.n. (Lectotype [Borssum Waalkes, 1966]: L-908.135–624; Isotype: U).

  • Abutilon indicum var. albidum (Willd.) Baker f., J. Bot. 31: 213 (1893). Basionym: Sida albida Willd., Enum. Pl. Hort. Berol. 722 (1809).—Type: Hort. Bot. Berolinensis (Holotype: B-W no. 12701).

  • Abutilon indicum var. asiaticum (L.) Griseb., Fl. Brit. W. I. 78 (1859). Basionym: Sida asiatica L., Cent. Pl. II, 26 (1756).—Type: specimen unknown.

  • Abutilon indicum var. australiense Hochr. ex Britten, Illustr. Bot. Capt. Cook's Voy. 1: 10. pl. 19 (1900); Hochr., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 6: 20 (1902);—Type: AUSTRALIA [“New Holland”]. Bustard Bay, Bay of Inlets, Endeavor's River, in 1770, J. Banks and D. Solander s.n. (IsoType [“probable”]: P). Borssum Waalkes (1966) designation of H. O. Forbes 3330 from Timor as lectotype (G, BM, GH, K, L) is inoperative, since original material exists [cited by Fosberg, Micronesica 2: 150 (1966)].

  • Abutilon indicum var. forrestii (S. Y. Hu) K. M. Feng, Fl. Yunnanica 2: 206 (1979). Basionym: Abutilon forrestii S. Y. Hu.—Type: CHINA. YUNNAN: On the Yung-pe mountain (latit. 26°45'N), Sep 1913, G. Forrest 1135 (K).

  • Abutilon indicum var. guineënse (Schumach.) K. M. Feng, Fl. Yunnanica 4: 28 (1982). Basionym: Sida guineensis Schumach., Kongl. Danske Vidensk. Selsk. Skr. 4: 81 (1829) [≡ Abutilon guineënse (Schumach.) Baker f. & Exell]Type: GUINEA [= GHANA], T. Thonning 38 (C-5, S). See Hepper (1976, p. 69) and the following entry.

  • Abutilon indicum subsp. guineënse (Schumach.) Borss. Waalk., Blumea 14: 175. fig. 19e (1966). Basionym: Sida guineensis Schumach., Kongl. Danske Vidensk. Selsk. Skr. 4: 81 (1829). [≡ Abutilon guineënse (Schumach.) Baker f. & Exell].—Type: GUINEA [= GHANA], T. Thonning38 (C-5, S). See Hepper (1976, p. 69).

  • Abutilon indicum var. hirtum (Lam.) Griseb., Fl. Brit. W. I. 78 (1859). Basionym: Sida hirta Lam., Encycl. 1: 7 (1783).—Type: INDIA, P. Sonnerat s.n. (Holotype: P-LA). [≡ Abutilon hirtum (Lam.) Sweet]

  • Abutilon indicum var. major Blatt. & Hallb., J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 26: 266 (1918).—Type: INDIA. Amarsagar, in ruderalis, Jaisalmer, Nov 1918, E. Blatter 5644 (Holotype: BLAT). [≡ Abutilon bidentatum var. major (Blatt. & Hallb.) Bhandari]

  • Abutilon indicum var. microphyllum Hochr., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 6: 20 (1920).—Type: JAVA. Tjiringin, H. Zollinger 1319 (Lectotype [Borssum Waalkes 1966]: G; Isolectotypes: BM, FI, P). [= Abutilon indicum (L.) Sweet]

  • Abutilon indicum var. populifolium (Lam.) Wight & Arn., Prodr. Fl. Ind. Orient. 1: 56 (1834). Basionym: Sida populifolia Lam., Encycl. 1: 7 (1783).—Type: INDIA. P. Sonnerat s.n. (Holotype: P-LA).

  • Abutilon indicum var. welwitschii Baker f., J. Bot. 31: 213 (1893).—Type: ANGOLA. Cavalheiros, F. M. J. Welwitsch 4944 (Holotype: BM).

  • Abutilon inflatum Garcke & K. Schum. in Martius, Fl. Bras. 12(3): 401 (1891).—Type: BRAZIL. F. Sellow 1291 (Holotype: B as photo F-9273). [ = Abutilon megapotamicum (Spreng.) A. St.-Hil. & Naud.]

  • Abutilon insigne Planch, in Van Houtte, Fl. Serres sér. 1, 5: 11. t. 551 (1850–1851).—Type: VENEZUELA? (Lectotype [here designated]: plate 551, loc. cit.).

  • Abutilon integerrimum (Hook, f.) Triana & Planch., Ann Sci. Nat. Bot. sér. 4, 17: 182 (1862), in adnot. Basionym: Sida integerrima Hook, f., Bot. Mag. sér. 3, 74(4): t. 4360 (1848).—Type: (Lectotype: [Bates, 1973]: loc. cit., plate 4360). [≡ Bakeridesia integerrima (Hook, f.) D. M. Bates]

  • Abutilon intermedium Hochst. ex Garcke in Schweinf., Beitr. Fl. Aethiop. 49 (1867).—Type: ABYSSINIA [= ETHIOPIA], prope Gurrsarfa, W. Schimper 208 (Isotypes: CTES, K, P-2). [= Abutilon angulatum (Guillem. & Perr.) Mast.]

  • Abutilon intermedium var. figarianum Webb ex Baker f., J. Bot. 31: 72 (1893).—Type: NE AFRICA, near Matamma, G. A. Schweinfurth 1418 (BM).

  • Abutilon intermedium var. greveanum (Baill.) Baker f., J. Bot. 31: 72 (1893). Basionym: Sida greveana Baill., Bull. Soc. Linn. Paris 1: 504 (1885).—Type: MADAGASCAR. Mouroundava, Grève 22 (BM). [≡ Abutilon greveanum (Baill.) Hochr.]

  • Abutilon intermedium var. macrophyllum (Baill.) Baker f., J. Bot. 31: 72 (1893). Basionym: Sida macrophylla Hilsenb. & Bojer ex Baill., Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Paris 1: 504 (1885).—Type: MADAGASCAR. Morondavam Grève 74 (specimen not located). [= Abutilon angulatum var. macrophyllum (Hilsenb. & Bojer ex Baill.) Hochr.]

  • Abutilon itatiaiae R. E. Fr., Kongl. Svenska Vetenskapsakad. Handl. 42(12): 29. t. 3. f. 10 (1908).—Type: BRAZIL. Serra do Itatiaia, prope Maciera, P. K. H. Dusén 241 (Lectotype [here designated]: S; Isotypes: GH, US).

  • Abutilon itatiaiae var. hirsuta R. E. Fr., Kongl. Svenska Vetenskapsakad. Handl. 42(12): 30 (1908).—Type: BRAZIL. Serra do Itatiaia, prope Maciera, C. Moreira s.n. (Holotype: S).

  • Abutilon itatiaiae var. tomentella R. E. Fr., Kongl. Svenska Vetenskapsakad. Handl. 42(12): 30 (1908) .— Type: BRAZIL. Serra do Itatiaia prope Maciera, P. K. H. Dusen 241 (Holotype: S; Isotypes: GH, US). Note: Since var. tomentella is based on the same type as the species, it is correctly named Abutilon itatiaiae R. E. Fr. var. itatiaiae.

  • Abutilon jacquinii G. Don, Gen. Hist. 1: 503 (1831), nom. illegit. (Art. 52.1). Basionym: Sida abutiloides Jacq., Obs. 1: 17. t.7 (1764).—Type: in cultivation from Jamaican seeds (BM). [≡ Abutilon abutiloides (Jacq.) Garcke]

  • Abutilon jaliscanum Standi., Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot. Ser. 4: 229 (1929).—Type: MEXICO. JALISCO: Hacienda de Ototal, Arroyo de los Palos Blancos, W of San Sebastián, Y. E. Mexia 1842a (Holotype: F as photo F-45085; Isotypes: BM, CAS, DS, GH-2, MICH, NY, US).

  • Abutilon johnsonii Ekman, Ark. Bot. Stockh. 9(4): 22 (1909) .—Type: ARGENTINA. MISIONES: Posadas in novalis prope praedium “Las Granja,” E. L. Ekman 157 (Holotype: S?; Isotype: G as photo F-23768). [= Hochreutinera hasslerana (DC.) Krapov.]

  • Abutilon jujuiense Hassl., Repert. Nov. Spec. Regni Veg. 12: 499 (1913).— Type: ARGENTINA. JU-JUY: in silvis pr. Calilegua, 800 m, M. Lillo 10800 (Lectotype [here designated]: LIL; Isotype: G).

  • Abutilon julianae Endl., Prodr. Fl. Norfolk. 75 (1833).—Type: Ins. NORFOLK, Bauer s.n. (K).

  • Abutilon karachianum S. A. Husain & Baquar, Phyton 15(3/4): 226 (1974).— Type: PAKISTAN. Karachi, University Campus, 17 Oct 1970, S. A. Husain s.n. (Holotype: KUH).

  • Abutilon kauaiense Hochr., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 15/16: 238 (1912).— Type: U.S.A. HAWAII: Kauai: dans les haies pres du Nawiliwili, 30 m, B. P. G. Hochreutiner 3469 (Holotype: G). [= Abutilon grandifolium (Willd.) Sweet]

  • Abutilon kotschyi Hochst. in Webb, Fragm. Fl. Aethiop.-Aegypt. 52 (1851).—Type: ETHIOPIA. Ad radices montis Cordofani Arasch-Cool, Sept 1839, K. G. T. Kotschy 380 (Lectotype [here designated]: P-herb. Steudel; ISOLectotype: MO). [ = Abutilon hirtum (Lam.) Sweet, fide Ulbrich 1913]

  • Abutilon lanatum Miq., Linnaea 22: 553 (1849).—Type: BRAZIL. MINAS GERAES: Caldas, A. F. Regnell I-13 (Holotype: S; Isotypes: C-2, F, K, U, US). [≡ Bakeridesia lanata (Miq.) Leite & Monteiro]

  • Abutilon lanatum Husain & Baquar, Phyton 15: 223 (1974), nom. illegit. (Art. 53.1).— Type: PAKISTAN. Karachi, University Campus, 5 Nov 1970, S. A. Husain s.n. (Holotype: CLH).

  • Abutilon lateritium Ulbr., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 54: (Beibl. 117): 56 (1916).—Type: PERU, mountains near Chosica, Lima-Oroya railroad, A. Weberbauer 5349 (Lectotype [Burandt and Fryxell, 1990]: F; ISOLectotypes: GH, US). [= Abutilon reflexum (Lam.) Sweet]

  • Abutilon lauraster Hochr., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 6: 24 (1902).— Type: MADAGASCAR. Baie de Lingvatt, J. Goudot s.n. (Holotype: G-DEL; Isotype: CTES?).

  • Abutilon laxiflorum Guillem. & Perr., Fl. Seneg. Tent. 1: 66 (1831).— Type: SENEGAL, “in regno Walo,” G. S. Perrottet s.n.7. (Holotype: P). [ = Wissadula hernandioides (L'Hér.) Garcke]. Abutilon laxiflorum was said by Guillemin & Perrottet to be similar to Sida rostrata Thonning & Schumach.

  • Abutilon laxiflorum var. paritioides Guillem. & Perr., Fl. Seneg. Tent. 1: 66 (1831).—Type: not stated. [= Wissadula hernandioides (L'Hér.) Garcke]

  • Abutilon laxum Rusby, Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 7: 296 (1927).—Type: BOLIVIA. Río Bopi Valley, H. H Rusby 658 (Holotype: NY; Isotype: K). [= Abutilon dianthum C. Presl]

  • Abutilon leiospermum Griseb., Fl. Brit. W. I. 79 (1859) .—Type: JAMAICA, March 129 (Holotype: GOET; Isotypes: GH, K). [= Abutilon indicum (L.) Sweet]

  • Abutilon lemmonii S. Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 20: 357 (1885).—Type: MEXICO. BAJA CALIFORNIA: “Tia Juana,” C. Orcutt 676 (Lectotype [Fryxell, 1988]: GH). [= Abutilon californicum Benth.]

  • Abutilon leonardii Urb., Repert. Nov. Spec. Regni Veg. 18: 190 (1922).—Type: HAITI, vicinity of St. Marc, near sea level, E. C. Leonard 2994 (IsoTypes: NY, US-2).

  • Abutilon lepidum (F. Muell.) A. S. Mitch., J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 2: 358 (1980). Basionym: Sida lepida F. Muell., Fragm. 6: 168 (1868).—Type: W. AUSTRALIA. vie. Port Walcott, Harper s.n. (SYNType: MEL?); Camden Harbor, Martin s.n. (Syntype: MEL?).

  • Abutilon leschenaultianum (DC.) Sweet, Hort. Brit, ed. 1, 1: 53 (1826). Basionym: Sida leschenaultiana DC., Prodr. 1: 468 (1824).—Type: INDIA. Calcutta Botanic Garden, J. B. L. T. Leschenault s.n. (Holotype: G-DC; Isotype: P?). [= Wissadula contracta (Link) R. E. Fr.]

  • Abutilon leucanthemum A. St.-Hil., Fl. Bras. Merid. 1: 200 (1827).— Type: BRAZIL. RIO DE JANEIRO: prope vicum dicte S. Gonzalo, A. St.-Hilaire s.n. (Holotype: P; Isotype: P). [= Wissadula contracta (Link) R. E. Fr.]

  • Abutilon leucopetalum (F. Muell.) F. Muell. ex Benth., Fl. Austral. 1: 200. 1863. Basionym: Sida leucopetala F. Muell., Fragm. 2: 12. (1860/61).— Type: AUSTRALIA. Hookers Creek, F. Mueller s.n. (Isotype: K).

  • Abutilon leucophaeum Hochr., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 6: 15 (1902), nom. illegit. (Art. 52.1) .— Type: PUERTO RICO. GUÁNICA: inter Montalba et Salinas, 7 Feb 1886, Sintenis 3738 (Holotype: G?; Isotypes: NY, P, TEX, US). [≡ Abutilon commutatum K. Schum., q.v.]

  • Abutilon lignosum (Cav.) G. Don, Gen. Hist. 1: 501 (1831). Basionym: Sida lignosa Cav., Diss. 1: 28. t. 6. f. 2 (1785).— Type: [HISPANIOLA] SANTO DOMINGO. J. Jussieu s.n. (Holotype:P-JU, no. 12312; Isotype: MA-29783 as photo F-29783). Cf. Garilleti (1993, p. 129). [= Abutilon abutiloides (Jacq.) Garcke ex Hochr.]

  • Abutilon lilloi Hassl., Repert. Nov. Spec. Regni Veg. 12: 497 (1913).— Type: ARGENTINA. SALTA: Oran, in silvis Río de las Piedras, 400 m, M. Lillo 10910 (Lectotype [here designated]: LIL; Isotype: G). [= Abutilon thyrsodendron Griseb.]

  • Abutilon lineatum (Veil.) K. Schum. in Martius, Fl. Bras. 12(3): 437 (1891). Basionym: Sida lineata Veil., Fl. Flum. 280 (1825) [1829]; t. 25 (1827) [1831].—Type: (Lectotype [here designated]: plate 25, loc. cit.).

  • Abutilon listeri Baker f., J. Bot. 31: 269 (1893).—Type: CHRISTMAS ISLAND, south of Java, 1 Oct 1887, Lister s.n. (Isotype: K).

  • Abutilon lobulatum Domin, Biblioth. Bot. 22 (895): 950 (1928).—Type: NW. AUSTRALIA, between Ashburton River and De Gray River, E. Clement s.n. (K).

  • Abutilon longicuspe Hochst. ex A. Rich., Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 69 (1847).—Type: ABYSSINIA [ = ETHIOPIA]. Montium editiorum prope Genniam regionis Memsach, W. Schimper 258 (Lectotype [here designated]: K; ISOLectotypes: CTES, FI, MO, P).

  • Abutilon longicuspe var. epilosum Exell, J. Bot. Suppl. Polypet. 33 (1927).—Type: specimen unknown. [= Abutilon longicuspe Hochst. ex A. Rich.]

  • Abutilon longicuspe var. hildebrandtii Baker f., J. Bot. 31: 75 (1893).—Type: E. AFRICA. N'di (Taita), Hildebrandt 2633 (Holotype: BM; Isotype: P).

  • Abutilon longifolium K. Schum. in Martius, Fl. Bras. 12(3): 402 (1891). Weldena longifolia Pohl ex K. Schum., in Martius Fl. Bras. 12(3): 402 (1891), pro syn.— Type: BRAZIL. MINAS GERAIS: inter Quilombo et Bom Fin, Pohl 3001 (Lectotype [here designated]: W).

  • Abutilon longilobum F. Muell., Fragm. 9: 130 (1875).—Type: AUSTRALIA. Pierre's Springs, J. Forrest s.n. (Holotype: MEL?).

  • Abutilon longipes Mattei, Boll. Reale Ort. Bot. Palermo 8: 85 (1909). —Type: ERITREA. Hamasen: Filfil, Senni 67 (PAL). [= Abutilon mauritianum (Jacq.) Medik.]

  • Abutilon longipes Ulbr., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 54 (Beibl. 117): 52 (1916), nom. illegit. (Art. 53.1), non Abutilon longipes Mattei (1909).—Type: PERU. A. Weberbauer 5599 (Isotype: US).

  • Abutilon lucianum (DC.) Sweet, Hort. Brit. ed. 1, 53 (1826) . Basionym: Sida luciana DC., Prodr. 1: 468 (1824).—Type: [Lesser Antilles.] SAINT LUCIA, A. Anderson s.n. (Holotype: G-DC). [= Wissadula contracta (Link) R. E. Fr.]

  • Abutilon lugardii Hochr. & Schinz, Bull. Herb. Boissier sér. 2, 3: 825 (1903).—Type: BECHUANALAND. Kwebe Hills, Lugard 171 (Holotype: Z; Isotypes: GRA, K). [= Abutilon hirtum (Lam.) Sweet]

  • Abutilon macdougalii Rose & Standi., Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 16: 13. t. 4 (1912).—Type: MEXICO. SONORA: Pinacate Mtn, D. T. MacDougal 47 (Holotype: US). [= Abutilon palmeri A. Gray]

  • Abutilon macranthum A. St.-Hil., Fl. Bras. Merid. 1: 208 (1827).—Type: BRAZIL. MINAS GERAIS: prope Onfa, A. St.-Hilaire B1700 (Holotype: P; Isotypes: B as photo F-9276, P-2, US). [≡ Bakeridesia macrantha (A. St.-Hil.) Leite & Monteiro]

  • Abutilon macranthum Peyr., Linnaea 30: 59. (1859), nom. illegit. (Art. 53.1), non Abutilon macranthum A. St.-Hil. (1827).—Type: MEXICO. VERACRUZ: Zacuapán, C. Heller 46 (Holotype: W). [= Bakeridesia ferruginea (Martyn in Mill.) Krapov.] See Abutilon peyritschii Standi.

  • Abutilon macrocarpum Guillem. & Perr., Fl. Seneg. Tent. 1: 69 (1831).— Type: “in argillosis humidis regno Walo prope la Sénégalaise, Richard-Tol, etc.” (specimen unknown).

  • Abutilon macrocarpum A. St.-Hil. & Naud., Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. ser 2, 18: 47 (1842), nom. illegit. (Art. 53.1) , non Abutilon macrocarpum Guillem. & Perr. (1831).—Type: BRAZIL, in montibus prope Rio de Janeiro, Gomes s.n. (Holotype: P; Isotype: P). Note: Both the holotype and the isotype are included in photo F-35453).

  • Abutilon macrophyllum A. St.-Hil. & Naud., Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. sér. 2, 18: 47 (1842).—Type: BRAZIL, in monte Corcovado, prope Rio de Janeiro, J. B. A. Guillemin 833 (Holotype: P; Isotype: G as photo F-23770).

  • Abutilon macropodum Guillem. & Perr., Fl. Seneg. Tent. 1: 69. t. 14 (1831).—Type: AFRICA. SENEGAMBIA, “in argillosis humidis regni Walo prope la Senégalaise, Richard-Tol, etc.,” G. S. Perrottet 79 (Lectotype [here designated]: P; Isotype: P).

  • Abutilon macrum F. Muell., Fragm. 9: 59 (1875).—Type: AUSTRALIA, in eremis interioribus sinum Fowleri versus, W. E. P. Giles s.n. (Holotype: MEL).

  • Abutilon macvaughii Fryxell, Madroño 23: 332 (1976) .—Type: MEXICO. JALISCO: 8 km E of Chamela, R. McVaugh 25118 (Holotype: MICH; Isotypes: ENCB, NY).

  • Abutilon malachroides A. St.-Hil. & Naud., Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. sér. 2, 18: 49 (1842).—Type: BRAZIL. RIO GRANDE DO SUL: C. Gaudichaud s.n. (Holotype: P as photo F-35454).

  • Abutilon malacobatos Webb ex Mattei, Boll. Reale Ort. Bot. Palermo n.s., 1: 88 (1915), in syn., thus not validly published (Art. 34.1) [= Abutilon erythraeum Mattei]

  • Abutilon malacum S. Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 21: 446 (1886).—Type: U.S.A. TEXAS: El Paso, M. E. Jones 4193 (Lectotype [J. Fryxell, 1983]: POM-84966; ISOLectotypes: BM, BR, F, MU, NY, PH, POM-84969).

  • Abutilon malirianum S. A. Husain & Baquar, Phyton 15(3/4): 222 (1974).—Type: PAKISTAN. Malir, Karachi, 30 Sep 1969, S. A. Husain s.n. (CLH, KUH).

  • Abutilon malmeanum R. E. Fr., Kongl. Svenska Vetenskapsakad. Handl. 42(12): 31 (1908).— Type: BRAZIL. MATTO GROSSO: Santa Anna da Chapada, G. O. Malme 11–1989 (Lectotype [here designated]: S).

  • Abutilon malviflorum Lem. ex Lesc., Horticulteur Franç. 1867: 147 (1867).—Type: MEXICO (specimen unknown).

  • Abutilon malvifolium (Benth.) J. M. Black, Trans. Proc. Roy. Soc. S. Austral. 49: 274 (1925). Basionym: Abutilon oxycarpum var. malvifolium Benth., Fl. Austral. 1: 204 (1863), as “malvaefolium”.-Type: AUSTRALIA. NEW SOUTH WALES: Mount Murchison, J. Dallachy s.n. (MEL?).

  • Abutilon malvifolium (Benth.) Domin, Biblioth. Bot. 22 (895): 398 (1928), isonym without status (Art. 6.3) . Based on: Abutilon oxycarpum var. malvifolium Benth. See preceding entry.

  • Abutilon mangarevicum Fosberg, Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 47: 9 (1981).—Type: GAMBIER ISLANDS. Mangareva, F. R. Fosberg 11092 (Holotype: BISH).

  • Abutilon marlothii Ulbr., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 51: 22 (1913).—Type: HEREROLAND. Otjibingue, am Ufer des Swachaub, 900 m, R. Marloth 1899 (Holotype: B-extant?).

  • Abutilon marmoratum Hort. ex Lem., 111. Hort. 3: t. 82 (1856) pro syn., therefore not validly published (Art. 34.1). [≡ Hibiscus marmoratus Lem. = Hibiscus lavaterioides Moric.]

  • Abutilon marshii Standi., Amer. Midi. Naturalist 18: 683 (1937).—Type: U.S.A. TEXAS: Chisos Mtns., E. G. Marsh 172 (Holotype: F as photo F-45084). [= Allowissadula holosericea (Scheele) D. M. Bates]

  • Abutilon matopense Gibbs, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 37: 431 (1906) .—Type: SOUTHERN RHODESIA. Matopos, L. S. Gibbs 98 (Holotype: BM; Isotype BOL).

  • Abutilon mauritianum (Jacq.) Medik., Malvenfam. 28 (1787). Basionym: Sida mauritiana Jacq., Misc. Austriac. 2: 352 (1781–1782); Icon. Pl. Rar. t. 137 (1783) .—Type: Lectotype [here designated]: plate 137, loc. cit.

  • Abutilon mauritianum (Jacq.) Sweet, Hort Brit. ed. 1, 53 (1826), isonym without status (Art. 6.3). Based indirectly on: Sida mauritiana Jacq. See preceding entry.

  • Abutilon megapotamicum (Spreng.) A. St.-Hil. & Naud., Ann Sci. Nat. Bot. sér. 2, 18: 49 (1842). Basionym: Sida megapotamica Spreng., Fl. Hal. Tent. 19 (1806).—Type: Tropical America (specimen unknown).

  • Abutilon melanocarpum A. St.-Hil. & Naud., Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. sér. 2, 18: 48 (1842).—Type: BRAZIL. RIO GRANDE DO SUL: A. Isabelle s.n. (Lectotype [here designated]: P as photo F-35455; Isotype: G-DEL). [= Abutilon pauciflorum A. St.- Hil.?]

  • Abutilon melanocarpum var. parvifolium A. St.-Hil. & Naud., Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. sér. 2, 18: 48 (1842).—Type: none cited, but cf.: BRAZIL. RIO GRANDE DO SUL: 1835, A. Isabelle s.n. (G as photo F-23722).

  • Abutilon membranaceum Baker f. in Rose, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 3: 312 (1895).— Type: MEXICO. NAYARIT: Tepic, 1892, E. Palmer 1959 (Holotype: BM; Isotypes: F, GH, NY, US-fragment). [= Pseudabutilon ellipticum (Schltdl.) Fryxell]

  • Abutilon membranifolium Baker f., J. Bot. 77: 17 (1939).— Type: ANGOLA. HUILA: Ungueria, A. W. Exell and F. A. Mendonga 2483 (Holotype: BM; Isotype: COI). [= Abutilon englerianum Ulbr.]

  • Abutilon mendocinum Phil., Anales Univ. Chile 36: 164 (1870).—Type: ARGENTINA. MENDOZA: R. A. Philippi 1874 (Isotypes: GOET, W as photo F-32633). [= Pseudabutilon virgatum (Cav.) Fryxell]

  • Abutilon mendoncae Baker f., J. Bot 77: 18 (1939).—Type: ANGOLA. MOSSAMEDES: km 70 on the railway, A. W. Exell and F. A. Mendonça 2179 (Holotype: BM; Isotype: COI).

  • Abutilon menziesii Seem., Fl. Vit. 15 (1865).— Type: U.S.A. HAWAII: A. Menzies s.n. (Holotype: BM).

  • Abutilon messinicum Burtt Davy, Man. Fl. Pl. and Ferns 1: 36 (1926).— Type: TRANSVAAL. ZOUTPANSBERG: prope Messina, C. E. Moss and F. A. Rogers 35 (Holotype: K). [= Abutilon matopense Gibbs]

  • Abutilon mexiae R. E. Fr., Kongl. Svenska Vetenskapsakad. Handl. sér. 3, 24(2): 7 (1947).— Type: BRAZIL. MINAS GERAES: Viçosa, abandoned road up Chacha valley, Y. E. Mexia 4838 (Holotype: S; Isotypes: CAS, UC, US, WIS).

  • Abutilon mexicanum C. Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 2: 115 (1835).— Type: MEXICO, “in terris occidentalibus Mexicanis,” T. Haenke s.n. (Holotype: PR; Isotype: PR). [= Abutilon giganteum (Jacq.) Sweet] The locality is in error; the species is not known to occur in Mexico.

  • Abutilon “micranthum” G. Don, Gen. Hist. 1: 502 (1831). [sphalm. = macranthum, q.v.]

  • Abutilon microcarpum Mattei, Boll. Ort. Bot. Palermo n.s., 1: 90 (1915). — Type: ERITREA. Adi Ugri nel Serae, L. Cufino 11 (Holotype: PAL). [ = Abutilon bidentatum (Hochst.) A. Rich.]

  • Abutilon micropetalum R. Br. ex Benth., Fl. Austral. 1: 201 (1863).— Type: AUSTRALIA. QUEENSLAND: hills about Shoalwater Bay, R. Brown s.n. (Lectotype [here designated]: K).

  • Abutilon microphyllum A. Rich., Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 70 (1847). Type: ABYSSINIA [= ETHIOPIA]. Choho, R. Quartin-Dillon and A. Petit s.n. (Holotype: P-herb. Richard). [= Abutilon fruticosum Guillem. & Perr.]

  • Abutilon microspermum (Cav.) G. Don, Gen. Hist. 1: 501 (1831). Basionym: Sida microsperma Cav., Diss. 1: 29. t. 13. f. 4 (1785).— Type: s. loc., J. Jussieu s.n. (Holotype [Garilletti, 1993, p. 131]: MA-476326); Isotype: P-JU no. 12314).

  • Abutilon milleri Anonymous (as “Hort.”), Wien 111. Gart. Zeit. 1879: 305 (1879), hybr.—Type: unknown.

  • Abutilon minarum K. Schum. in Martius, Fl. Bras. 12(3): 389 (1891).— Type: BRAZIL. MINAS GERAES: ad Abertao prope Caldas, A. F. Regnell III-169 (Isotype: US).

  • Abutilon mitchellii Benth., Fl. Austral. 1: 201 (1863).—Type: AUSTRALIA. QUEENSLAND: Gullies in the SW ranges, 3 Sep 1846, T. L. Mitchell 583 (K).

  • Abutilon mitchellii var. mollissimum Benth., Fl. Austral. 1: 201 (1863).—Type: AUSTRALIA. QUEENSLAND: stony ridge, T. L. Mitchell s.n. (BM?, K?).

  • Abutilon mochisense Hochr., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 21: 447 (1920).— Type: MEXICO. SINALOA: near Los Mochis, J. N. Rose 13329 (Holotype: NY; Isotype: US). [= Abutilon incanum (Link) Sweet]

  • Abutilon molle (Ortega) Sweet, Hort. Brit. ed. 2, 65 (1830) . Basionym: Sida mollis Ortega, Nov. Rar. Pl. Descr. 65 (1798).—Type: holotype missing at MA (fide Fuertes and Fryxell, 1993a). [= Abutilon grandifolium (Willd.) Sweet]

  • Abutilon molle Baker f., Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1895: 212 (1895), nom. illegit. (Art. 53.1), non Abutilon molle (Ortega) Sweet (1830).—Type: SOMALILAND, plains below the Golis Range, E. Cole and E. L. Phillips s.n. (Holotype: K). [see: Abutilon anglosomaliae Cufod.]

  • Abutilon mollicomum (Willd.) Sweet, Hort. Brit. ed. 1, 1: 54 (1826). Basionym: Sida mollicoma Willd., Enum. Pl. Hort. Berol.725 (1809).—Type: ex caldarii, C. L. Willdenow s.n. (Holotype: B-W no. 12718).

  • Abutilon mollissimum (Cav.) Sweet, Hort. Brit. ed. 1, 1: 53 (1826). Basionym: Sida mollissima Cav., Diss. 2: 49. t. 14. f. 1 (1786).—Type: PERU, “juxta fluvium Maragnon,” J. Dombey s.n. (possible Type [see Garilleti 1993]: MA as photo F-29784; fragment: F).

  • Abutilon mollissimum Raf., New Fl. Bot. N. Amer. 1: 39 (1836), nom. illegit. (Art. 53.1), non Abutilon mollissimum (Cav.) Sweet (1826).— Type: unknown.

  • Abutilon mollissimum var. sandwicense Hochr., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 15/16: 239 (1912) .—Type: U.S.A. HAWAII: Kauai: Weimea, dans les haies de la ville, ca. 20 m, B. P. G. Hochreutiner 3594 (Holotype: G?).

  • Abutilon monospermum K. Schum. in Martius, Fl. Bras. 12(3): 396 (1891).—Type: BRAZIL. BAHIA: ad fluvium São Francisco prope Joazeiro, C. F. P. von Martius 2389 (Holotype: M as photo F-19681). [≡ Gaya monosperma (K. Schum.) Krapov.]

  • Abutilon montanum A. St.-Hil., Fl. Bras. Merid. 1: 207 (1827).—Type: BRAZIL. MINAS GERAIS: Serra Negra, A. St.-Hilaire s.n. (Lectotype [here designated]: P as photo F-35456; Isotypes: P-2).

  • Abutilon monteiroi Krapov., Hickenia 1(51): 273. fig. 1F-H (1982).— Type: BRAZIL. MINAS GERAIS: Serra do Espinhaço, W. R. Anderson et al. 35793 (Holotype: UB; Isotypes: NY, TEX). A photograph of the TEX isotype is reproduced by Krapovickas, loc. cit. fig. 3.

  • Abutilon mouraei K. Schum. in Martius, Fl. Bras. 12(3): 410 (1891).— Type: BRAZIL, near Rio de Janeiro, Serra de Mantiqueira, A. F. M. Glaziou 13542 (Lectotype [here designated]: P; Isolectotypes: C-4, K, P); Minas Gerais: silvis in Serra Caparao, Moura 672 (Syntype: B as photo F-9278).

  • Abutilon mucronatum J. E. Fryxell, Madrono 30: 89 (1983).— Type: MEXICO. SONORA: on the road from Navajoa to Alamos, ca. 15 km E of Hwy. 15, J. E. Fryxell and D. Whitacre 128 (Holotype: TEX; Isotypes: ARIZ, CHAPA, ENCB, F, GH, MEXU, MO, NY, TEX, US).

  • Abutilon mucronulatum (Torr.) A. Gray, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 5: 175 (1862). Basionym: Wissadula mucronulata A. Gray ex Torr., Rep. U.S. Mex. Bound. 39 (1859).—Type: MEXICO. TAMAU-LIPAS: on the Rio Grande below Reynosa, A. C. V. Schott 108a (Holotype: NY). [= Wissadula hernandioides (L'Hér.) Garcke]

  • Abutilon muelleri-friderici Gurke & K. Schum. in Martius, Fl. Bras. 12(3): 423 (1891).—Type: BRAZIL. SANTA CATARINA: prope Blumenau, J. H. R. Schenck 497 (Holotype: B as photo F-9279).

  • Abutilon “mulleri var. friderici” [from IPNI, in error for the preceding name]

  • Abutilon multiflorum R. E. Fr., Kongl. Svenska Vetenskapsakad. Handl. sér. 3, 24(2): 5 (1947).—Type: ECUADOR. GUAYAS: Guayaquil, roadside in mangrove, E. Asplund 7687 (Holotype: S; Isotypes: S, US).

  • Abutilon muticum (DC.) Sweet, Hort. Brit. ed. 2, 65 (1830) . Basionym: Sida mutica Delile, Illustr. Fl. Egypt. 60, no. 633 (1813); ex DC. Prodr. 1: 470. 1824.— Type: EGYPT. A. F. E. Coquebert s.n. (Holotype: G-DC; Isotype: FI). [= Abutilon pannosum (Forster fil.) Schltdl.]

  • Abutilon muticum (DC.) Webb, Fragm. Fl. Aethiop.- Aegypt. 51 (1854), isonym without status (Art. 6.3) .—Type: as in preceding.

  • Abutilon muticum var. parvifolium Baker f., J. Bot. 31: 214 (1893).—Type: AUSTRALIA. QUEENSLAND: Keppel Bay, “Sida rugosa,” R. Brown 5117 (Holotype: BM).

  • Abutilon muticum var. villosum Webb, Fragm. Fl. Aethiop.-Aegypt. 51 (1854).—Type: ARABIA, “in regionis arabicae Thebaidis inferioris secus mare Rubrum,” 5. coll. s.n. (FI?).

  • Abutilon myrianthum (Planch. & Linden) Krapov., Bonplandia 3: 40 (1969). Basionym: Sida myriantha Planch. & Linden in Triana & Planch., Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. sér. 4, 17: 179 (1862).—Type: COLOMBIA. Quebrada de los Corrales, J. Goudot s.n. (Lectotype [Krapovickas, 1969]: P). [≡ Bastardiopsis myriantha (Planch. & Linden) Fuertes & Fryxell]

  • Abutilon nealleyi J. M. Coult., Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 1: 32 (1890).—Type: U.S.A. TEXAS: Hidalgo County, near Hidalgo, G. C. Nealley 50 (Holotype: US). [= Abutilon trisulcatum (Jacq.) Urb.] Abutilon neelgerrense Munro in Wight, 111. 1: t. 66 (1840) .—Type: INDIA. Neelgheris, A. V. Munro s.n. (K).

  • Abutilon neelgerrense var. fischeri T. K. Paul & M. P. Nayar, Bull. Bot. Surv. India 25: 183 (1983)[1985].—Type: INDIA. COIMBATORE: Tamil Nadu, Coonoor River beach, C. E. C. Fischer 1581 (Holotype: CAL).

  • Abutilon nelsonii Rose, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 5:134. t. 12 (1897).— Type: GUATEMALA. HUEHUE-TENANGO: near Jacaltenango, E. W. Nelson 3562 (Holotype: US; Isotypes: BM, GH). [≡ Bakeridesia nelsonii (Rose) D. M. Bates]

  • Abutilon neovidense K. Schum. in Martius, Fl. Bras. 12(3): 386 (1891).— Type: BRAZIL. RIO DE JANEIRO: A. F. M. Glaziou 1313 (Lectotype [here designated]: P; ISOLectotypes: C-2, P). [= Abutilon anodoides A. St.-Hil. & Naud.]

  • Abutilon neurocarpum Miq., Pl. Jungh. 285 (1854).—Type: JAVA. Mt. Gamping, F. W. Junghuhn s.n. (Lectotype [here designated]: L; Isotype: U). [= Herissantia crispa (L.) Brizicky]

  • Abutilon newberryi S. Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 11: 125 (1876).—Type: at the Canebreak Canon on the Lower Colorado [River], 15 Jan 1858, J. S. Newberry s.n. (Lectotype [Standley, 1923]: GH; ISOLectotype: US). [≡ Horsfordia newberryi (S. Watson) A. Gray]

  • Abutilon nigripunctulatum Ulbr., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 54. (Beibl. 117): 57 (1916).—Type: PERU. Ad viam ferream a Lima, prope San Bartolomé, A. Weberbauer 5301 (Holotype: B as photo F-9281; Isotypes: F, GH, US). [≡ Pseudabutilon nigripunctulatum (Ulbr.) R. E. Fr.]

  • Abutilon niveum Griseb., Abh. Königl. Ges. Wiss. Göttingen (Symbol. Fl. Argent.) 19: 92 (1874).—Type: ARGENTINA. TUCUMÁN, prope San Javier, P. G. Lorentz 175 (Holotype: GOET-1418014; Isotype: GOET-1418015).

  • Abutilon nobile Domin, Biblioth. Bot. 22 (895): 948 (1928) .—Type: AUSTRALIA. QUEENSLAND: between Hughenden and Mt. Walker, 1910, K. Domin s.n. (Holotype: PR).

  • Abutilon notolophium A. Gray, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 5: 175 (1862).—Type: MEXICO. VERACRUZ: near Tantoyuca, J. L. Berlandier 2163 (Lectotype [Bates 1973]: GH; Isolectotypes: BM, F as photo F-56133, GH, NY, P, US). [= Bakeridesia notolophium (A. Gray) Hochr.] See: Abutilon discolor Baker f.

  • Abutilon nudiflorum (L'Hér.) Sweet, Hort. Brit. ed. 1, 1: 53 (1826). Basionym: Sida nudiflora L'Hér., Stirp. Nov. 123. t. 59 (1789).—Type: Hort. Paris ex Huánuco, Peru, J. Dombey s.n. (Holotype: B- destroyed; Isotypes: G?, P-JU no. 12309). [≡ Wissadula nudiflora (L'Hér.) Benth. = Wissadula stellata (Cav.) K. Schum., based on: Sida stellata Cav.]

  • Abutilon nuttallii Torr. & A. Gray, Fl. N. Amer. 1: 231 (1838).—Type: U.S.A. TEXAS: on the Red River, T. Nuttall s.n. (Lectotype [J. Fryxell, 1983]: NY; ISOLectotypes: BM, GH, PH). [ = Abutilon fruticosum Guillem. & Perr.]

  • Abutilon obtusum (Cav.) G. Don, Gen Hist. 1: 501 (1831). Basionym: Sida obtusa Cav., Diss. 1: 34. t. 9, f. 2 (1785).—Type: (Holotype: Trew, Pl. Select. 9: plate 89, 1772). See also Abutilon ramosum.

  • Abutilon occidentale (L.) Medik., Malvenfam. 29 (1787). Basionym: Sida occidentalis L., Cent. Pl. II 26 (1756).—Type: Holotype: Dillenius, Hort. Eltham. t. 6. (1732). [≡ Gaya occidentalis (L.) Sweet ]

  • Abutilon ochsenii (Phil.) Phil., Cat. Pl. Vase. Chil. 27 (1881). Basionym: Anoda ochsenii Phil., Linnaea 28: 613 (1856).—Type: CHILE, en matorrales del interior de la provincia de Valdivia, R. A. Philippi 51970 (Isotype: G as photo F-23769). [≡ Corynabutilon ochsenii (Phil.) Kearney]

  • Abutilon ochsenii var. stellaris Reiche, Anales Univ. Chile 91: 366 (1895); Fl. Chile 1: 218 (1896).—Type: not stated.

  • Abutilon orbiculatum (DC.) G. Don, Gen. Hist. 1: 504 (1831). Basionym: Sida orbiculata DC., Prodr. 1: 471 (1824).—Type: CHINA.1816, G. L. Staunton s.n. (Holotype: G-DC).

  • Abutilon orientale Standi. & Steyerm., Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot. Ser. 23: 173 (1944).—Type: GUATEMALA. ZACAPA: between Agua Blanca and Cumbre de Chiquimula, P. C. Standley 74420 (Holotype: F). [≡ Pseudabutilon orientale (Standi. & Steyerm.) Fryxell]

  • Abutilon otocarpum F. Muell., Trans. Philos. Soc. Victoria 1: 13 (1854).—Type: AUSTRALIA. On the Murray [River] towards the junction of the Darling [River], F. Mueller s.n.7. (MEL?). Photos from Kew are doubtful types because of their dates of collection.

  • Abutilon otocarpum F. Muell. var. broomense Hochr. [as “broomensis”], Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 15/16: 240 (1912).—Type: AUSTRALIA.W. AUSTRALIA: Broome, 10 m, B. P. G. Hochreutiner 2822 (Holotype: G).

  • Abutilon oxycarpum (F. Muell.) F. Muell. ex Benth., Fl. Austral. 1:204 (1863). Basionym: Sida oxycarpa F. Muell., Fragm. 2: 12 (1860/61).—Type: AUSTRALIA. Peak Downs, F. Mueller s.n. (Lectotype [here designated]: K).

  • Abutilon oxycarpum forma acutatum Benth., Fl. Austral. 1: 204 (1863).—Type: AUSTRALIA, “the most common Brisbane and N.S. Wales form” (Type not further stated).

  • Abutilon oxycarpum forma incanum Benth., Fl. Austral. 1: 204 (1863).—Type: AUSTRALIA, “chiefly from the tropics and in the west” (Type not further stated).

  • Abutilon oxycarpum var. malvifolium Benth., Fl. Austral. 1: 204 (1863).—Type: AUSTRALIA. Mount Murchison in NSW, J. Dallachy s.n. (MEL?). [≡ Abutilon malvifolium (Benth.) J. M. Black]

  • Abutilon oxycarpum var. subsagittatum Domin, Biblioth. Bot. 22 (895): 952 (1928).—Type: AUSTRALIA. NW. QUEENSLAND: near Cloncurry, 1910, K. Domin s.n. (Holotype: PR).

  • Abutilon oxypetalum Planch. & Linden in Triana & Planch., Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. sér. 4, 17: 184 (1862) .—Type: [COLOMBIA]. Santa María, prov. d'Ocaña, L. J. Schlim 290 (Lectotype [Fryxell 1985]: P; ISOLectotypes: BM, BR, G as photo F-23771, K, P). [≡ Dendrosida oxypetala (Triana & Planch.) Fryxell]

  • Abutilon oxyphyllum C. Presl, Bot. Bemerk. 20 (1844) , nom. nud. Synonym: Sida oxyphylla Wall., Cat. no. 1850, nom. nud. Not validly published: Presl provides no description, and Wallich's nomen nudum was not validated by G. Don. Thus the combination, like the basionym, is a nomen nudum.

  • Abutilon pachecoanum Standi. & Steyerm., Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot. Ser. 23: 61 (1944).— Type: GUATEMALA. QUETZALTENANGO: region of Las Nubes, south of San Martín Chile Verde, P. C. Standley 83528 (Lectotype [here designated]: F-1092867; Isotypes: F-1092849, F-1092850, NY, US).

  • Abutilon paeoniiflorum (Hook.) Walp., Repert. Bot. Syst. 5: 95 (27–29 Nov 1845). Basionym: Sida paeoniiflora Hook., Bot. Mag. t. 4170 (1 July 1845) .—Type: [BRAZIL.] in montibus dos Orgaos, (Holotype: plate 4170, loc. cit., which is reproduced by Lemaire (Fl. Serres 54: 170. t. 8. 1846) . [= Abutilon rufinervum A. St.-Hil.]

  • Abutilon pakistanicum Jafri & Ali in Jafri, Fl. Karachi 220 (1966).—Type: PAKISTAN. SIND: Aug 1858, N. A. Dalzell s.n. (Holotype: K). [= Abutilon cornutum Dalzell ex T. Cooke]

  • Abutilon palmeri A. Gray, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 8: 289 (1873).—Type: MEXICO. SONORA: Yaqui River, 1869, E. Palmer s.n. (Holotype: GH; Isotypes: NY, US).

  • Abutilon paludosum Dinter, Repert. Nov. Spec. Regni Veg. 53: 120 (1928), nom. nud.

  • Abutilon paniculatum Hand.-Mazz., Symb. Sin. 7: 606 (1933).—Type: CHINA. Eastern Sikang, H. Handel-Mazzetti 2756 (Lectotype [here designated]: W).

  • Abutilon pannosum (G. Forst.) Schltdl., Bot. Zeit. 9: 828 (1851). Basionym: Sida pannosa G. Forst., Comment. Soc. Reg. Sci. Göttingen 9: 62 (1789).—Type: CAPE VERDE ISLANDS. Insula Sancti Jacobi, G. Forster s.n. (BM).-“described from Senegal (MA)” fide Abedin (1979a) and Sivarajan and Pradeep (1996), but this is in reference to the synonym, Abutilon glaucum (Cav.) Sweet.]

  • Abutilon pannosum (G. Forst.) Webb, Fragm. Fl. Aethiop.-Aegypt. 52, index (1854), isonym without status (Art. 6.3). See preceding entry.

  • Abutilon paranthemoides Griseb., Abh. Königl. Ges. Wiss. Göttingen, (Symb. Fl. Argent.) 24: 46 (1879).—Type: ARGENTINA. CATAMARCA: Quebrada de Choya, F. Schickendantz 208b (Holotype: GOET). [= Pseudabutilon virgatum (Cav.) Fryxell]

  • Abutilon paranthemum Griseb., Abh. Königl. Ges. Wiss. Göttingen, (Symb. Fl. Argent.) 24: 46 (1879).—Type: ARGENTINA. CATAMARCA: Quebrada de Choya, P. G. Lorentz s.n. [?] (GOET?).

  • Abutilon parishii S. Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 20: 357 (1885).— Type: U.S.A. ARIZONA: Santa Catalina Mountains, Apr-May 1884, C. G. Pringle s.n. (Lectotype [here designated]: VT; Isolectotype: NY); Arizona, on the foothills near Lowell, S. B. Parish 23 (SYNTypes: BR, CAS, GH, US).

  • Abutilon parviflorum A. St.-Hil., Fl. Bras. Merid. 1: 201 (1827).—Type: BRAZIL. MINAS GERAIS: inter vicum Formigas et montem Serra da Canastra, A. St.-Hilaire s.n. (Holotype: P). [≡ Wissadula parviflora (A. St.-Hil.) R. E. Fr.]

  • Abutilon parviflorum var. luteum A. St-Hil., Fl. Bras. Merid. 1: 202 (1827).—Type: BRAZIL, prope urbem S. Pauli, A. St.-Hilaire s.n. (Holotype: P). [= Wissadula parviflora (A. St.-Hil.) R. E. Fr.]

  • Abutilon parvifolium (A. St.-Hil. & Naud.) Hochr., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 6: 26 (1902). Basionym: Abutilon melanocarpum var. parvifolium A. St.-Hil. & Naud., Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot., sér. 2, 18: 48 (1842).—Type: not stated [= Abutilon pauciflorum A. St.-Hil.]

  • Abutilon parvulum A. Gray, Smithsonian Contr. Knowl. 3 (Art. 5) (Pl. Wright.) 1: 21 (1852).—Type: U.S.A. TEXAS: calcareous hills of the San Felipe and San Pedro Rivers, C. Wright 625 [56] (Holotype: GH; Isotypes: BM, GH, K, NY, OXF, US).

  • Abutilon patens A. St.-Hil., Fl. Bras. Merid. 1: 200 (1827) .—Type: BRAZIL. RIO DE JANEIRO: A. St.-Hilaire s.n. (Lectotype [here designated]: P; Isotype: P as photo F-9305). [= Wissadula excelsior (Cav.) C. Presl]

  • Abutilon pauciflorum A. St.-Hil., Fl. Bras. Merid. 1: 206 (1827).— Type: BRAZIL. Rio del Same, in parte australi provinciae Cisplatanae, A. St.-Hilaire 2342 (Holotype: P; Isotype: P). Note: Both the holotype and the isotype are included in the photo F-35458.

  • Abutilon pauciflorum var. cano-tomentosum Hassl., Trab. Mus. Farmacol. 21: 81 (1909).— Type: ARGENTINA/PARAGUAY (Pilcomayo): Campos y orillas de los montes, T. Rojas 182 (specimen not located).

  • Abutilon pauciflorum forma longe-corniculatum Hassl., Trab. Mus. Farmacol. 21: 81 (1909).—Type: ARGENTINA/PARAGUAY (Pilcomayo): Orillas de los montes, T. Rojas 283 (specimen not located).

  • Abutilon pedatum Ewart in Ewart & O. B. Davies, Fl. N. Terr. 182 (1917).—Type: AUSTRALIA. 70 miles N by W of Camp III, near Lander Creek, 14 Jun 1911, Hill 342 (specimen not located).

  • Abutilon pedrae-brancae K. Schum. in Martius, Fl. Bras. 12(3): 425 (1891).—Type: BRAZIL. MINAS GERAIS: Pedra Branca, A. F. Regnell 168 (Lectotype [here designated]: S).

  • Abutilon pedunculare H.B.K., Nov. Gen. Sp. 5: 273 (1822).—Type: PERU, inter Chamaya et Tomependa ad ripam fluminis Amazonam [Maranon], F. H A. von Humboldt and A. Bonpland 3644 (Holotype: P-HBK; Isotypes: P-HBK, B-W no. 12671, P as photo F-35459).

  • Abutilon peltatum K. Schum. in Martius, Fl. Bras. 12(3): 398 (1891).—Type: BRAZIL. MINAS GERAIS: prope Caldas, A. F. Regnell 1-170 (Isotype: US).

  • Abutilon peraffine Shuttlew. ex A. Gray, Smithsonian Contr. Knowl. 3 (Art. 5) (Pl. Wright.) 1: 20 (1852) .—Type: U.S.A. FLORIDA: Key West, F. I. X. Rugel 95b (Isotypes: BM, NY, P). [= Abutilon permolle (Willd.) Sweet]

  • Abutilon percaudatum Hochr., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 21: 438 (1920).— Type: MEXICO. SAN LUIS POTOSI: Rioverde, E. Palmer 19 (Holotype: NY; Isotypes: CM, F, GH, K, MO, US).

  • Abutilon periplocifolium (L.) Sweet, Hort. Brit. ed. 1, 53 (1826). Basionym: Sida periplocifolia L., Sp. Pl. 684 (1753).— Type: herb. Hermann, vol. 3, fol. 11, Linn. no. 251 (Lectotype [Borssum Waalkes 1966]: BM). [≡ Wissadula periplocifolia (L.) C. Presl ex Thwaites]

  • Abutilon periplocifolium var. albicans Griseb., Fl. Brit. W. I. 77 (1859).—Type: TRINIDAD, H. Crueger s.n. (K). [= Wissadula contracta (Link) R. E. Fr.]

  • Abutilon periplocifolium var. caribaeum (DC.) G. Don, Gen. Hist. 1: 500 (1831). Basionym: Sida periplocifolia var. caribaea DC., Prodr. 1: 468 (1824).—Type: JAMAICA, Sloane, Hist. 1: t. 139. f. 3, 1707 (Lectotype [here designated]: Sloane's fig. 3, loc. cit.). [= Wissadula hernandioides (L'Hér.) Garcke]

  • Abutilon periplocifolium var. peruvianum (DC.) G. Don, Gen. Hist. 1: 500, (1831). Basionym: Sida periplocifolia var. peruviana DC., Prodr. 1: 468 (1824) .—Type: PERU, J. Dombey s.n. (Holotype: G-DC, as photo F-7987). [= Wissadula sp.]

  • Abutilon periplocifolium var. zeylanicum (DC.) G. Don, Gen. Hist. 1: 500 (1831). Basionym: Sida periplocifolia var. zeylanica DC., Prodr. 1: 467 (1824) .—Type: Lectotype [here designated]: Dillenius, Hort. Eltham. t. 3. f. 3 (1732). Cf. Wissadula zeylanica Medik. (1787) with same type] [= Wissadula periplocifolia (L.) C. Presl]

  • Abutilon permolle (Willd.) Sweet, Hort. Brit. ed. 1, 1: 53 (1826). Basionym: Sida permollis Willd., Enum. Pl. Hort. Berol. 728 (1809).— Type: ex Hort. Bot. Berol. (Holotype: B-W no. 12689 as photo F-9794).

  • Abutilon persicum (Burm. f.) Merr., Philipp. J. Sci. 19: 364 (1921). Basionym: Sida persica Burm. f., Fl. Ind. 148. t. 47. f. 1 (1768).— Type: plate 47, fig. 1, loc. cit. [considered “provisional type” by Borssum Waalkes (1966)-a type specimen should be sought in the Burman herbarium (GDEL)].

  • Abutilon peruvianum (Lam.) Kearney, Leafl. W. Bot. 8: 214 (1958). Basionym: Sida peruviana Lam., Encycl. 1: 6 (1783).— Type: PERU, colli (Holotype: P-LA).

  • Abutilon petiolare H.B.K., Nov. Gen. Sp. 5: 272 (1822).—Type: COLOMBIA. F. H. A. von Humboldt and A. Bonpland s.n. (Holotype: P-HBK; Isotype: P-HBK, cf. photo F-35460).

  • Abutilon peyritschii Standi., Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 23: 751 (1923). Basionym: Abutilon macranthum Peyr. (1859), nom. illegit. (Art. 53.1), non Abutilon macranthum A. St.-Hil. (1827).—Type: MEXICO. VERACRUZ: Zacuap´n, C. Heller 46 (Holotype: W). [= Bakeridesia ferruginea (Martyn in Mill.) Krapov.]

  • Abutilon picardae Urb., Symb. Antill. 5: 417 (1908).—Type: HAITI. L. Picarda 136 (Holotype: B-extant?).

  • Abutilon pictum (Gillies ex Hook. & Arn.) Walp., Repert. Bot. Syst. 1: 324 (1842). Basionym: Sidapicta Gillies ex Hook. & Arn., Bot. Misc. 3: 154 (1833) .—Type: ARGENTINA. Buenos Aires, J. Gillies s.n. (Lectotype (here designated): K; Isolectotype: OXF).

  • Abutilon piloso-cinereum A. Meeuse, Bothalia 7: 486 (1961).— Type: TRANSVAAL. PIETERSBURG: Chunies Poort Police Station, A. D. J. Meeuse 10352 (Holotype: PRE; Isotypes: BM, BOL, ES, K, L, LD, M, SRGH).

  • Abutilon pilosum (Veil.) K. Schum. in Martius, Fl. Bras. 12(3): 437 (1891). Basionym: Sida pilosa Veil., Fl. Flum. 280 (1825) [1829]; t. 26 (1827) [1831], nom. illegit. (Art. 53.1), non Sida pilosa Moench, Methodus 1: 619 (1794).— Type: Lectotype [here designated]: Vellozo's plate 26, loc. cit.

  • Abutilon pinkavae Fryxell, Phytologia 37: 285 (1977) .— Type: MEXICO. COAHUILA: Cuatrocienegas Basin, route 30 at north end of Sierra San Marcos, D. J. Pinkava and T. Reeves 13044 (Holotype: ASU-79373; Isotype: NY).

  • Abutilon pionense Ulbr., Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 9: 53 (1924).— Type: PERU. CAJAMARCA: Prov. Cutervo, A. Weberbauer 7140 (Lectotype [Burandt and Fryxell, 1990]: F as photo F-56218; ISOLectotype: GH).[= Abutilon pedunculare H.B.K.]

  • Abutilon pitcairnense Fosberg, Smithsonian Contr. Bot 47: 10 (1981).— Type: PITCAIRN ISLAND: Parlver Valley Ridge, 300 m, H. St. John 14966 (Holotype: BISH).

  • Abutilon pittieri J. D. Smith, Bot. Gaz. 56: 51 (1913).—Type: GUATEMALA. GUATEMALA: el Puente near Las Canoas, H. F. Pittier 138 (Holotype: US as photo F-46038). [≡ Bakeridesia pittieri (J. D. Smith) D. M. Bates]

  • Abutilon piurense Ulbr., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 54 (Beibl. 117): 55 (1916).—Type: PERU, in declivibus occidentalis montium Andinorum a vico Piura dicto, A. Weberbauer 6010 (Holotype: B as photo F-9284).

  • Abutilon planiflorum C. Koch & Bouché, Berliner Allg. Gartenzeitung 25: 98. t. 3 (1857).— Type: Koch & Bouché's plate 3. [= Bakeridesia ferruginea (Martyn in Mill.) Krapov.]

  • Abutilon pleiopodum J. D. Smith, Bot. Gaz. 56: 51 (1913).—Type: GUATEMALA. ALTA VERAPAZ: near the Finca Sepacuite, O. F. Cook and R. F. Griggs 206 (Holotype: US). [≡ Robinsonella pleiopoda (J. D. Smith) Fryxell]

  • Abutilon pleniflorum N. E. Br., Gard. Chron. n.s., 48: 428 (1910).—Type: unknown.

  • Abutilon polyandrum (Roxb.) Wight & Arn. in Wight, Cat. Indian Pl. 12 (1833), non Abutilon polyandrum G. Don (1831). Basionym: Sida polyandra Roxb. ex Wall., Cat. 1851 (1828), nom. nud.; Fl. Ind. 3: 173 (1832).— Type: INDIA. Calcutta Botanic Garden, W. Roxburgh s.n. (Lectotype [Borssum Waalkes, 1966]: BR; Isotypes: BR, K). [= Abutilon persicum (Burm. f.) Merr.]

  • Abutilon “polyandrum” G. Don, Gen. Hist. 1: 500 (1831). [orth. mut. = polyanthon]

  • Abutilon polyanthon (Link) Sweet, Hort. Brit. ed. 1, 1: 53 (1826). Basionym: Sida polyantha Schltdl. ex Link, Enum. Hort. Berol. Alt. 2: 204 (1822).—Type: unknown. [= Wissadula hernandioides (L'Hér.) Garcke]

  • Abutilon populifolium (Lam.) Sweet, Hort. Brit. ed. 1, 1: 53 (1826). Basionym: Sidapopulifolia Lam., Encycl. 1: 7 (1783).— Type: INDIA, P. Sonnerat s.n. (Holotype: P-LA). [= Abutilon indicum (L.) Sweet]

  • Abutilon pringlei Hochr., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 6: 14 (1902).— Type: U.S.A. ARIZONA: Sierra Tucson, 21 Apr 1884, C. G. Pringle s.n. (Holotype: NY; Isotypes: K, US-2). [ = Abutilon incanum (Link) Sweet]

  • Abutilon pringlei var. sinaloense Hochr., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 21: 437 (1920).—Type: MEXICO. SINALOA: in vicinity of Topolobampo, J. N. Rose 13272 (Holotype: NY). [ = Abutilon incanum (Link) Sweet]

  • Abutilon pritchardii Exell & Hillc., Bol. Soc. Brot. sér. 2, 29: 29 (1955).—Type: ANGOLA (specimen not located).

  • Abutilon procerum Fryxell, Syst. Bot. 10: 269 (1985).—Type: MEXICO. TAMAULIPAS: near Gomez Farias, A. T. Richardson 939 (Holotype: TEX; Isotype: NY).

  • Abutilon propinquum W. Fitzg., J. Proc. Roy. Soc. W. Austral. 3: 172 (1918).— Type: W. AUSTRALIA. Napier Range, Devil's Pass, May 1905, W. V. Fitzgerald 611 (Isotype: K). [= Abutilon andrewsianum W. Fitzg., fide Wheeler et al. (1992)]

  • Abutilon pseudangulatum Hochr., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 6: 13 (1902).— Type: MADAGASCAR. Tamatave et Diego Suarès, J. Goudot s.n. (Holotype: G-DEL). [= Abutilon angulatum Mast. var. macrophyllum (Baker f.) Hochr.]

  • Abutilon pseudocleistogamum Hochr., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 20: 71 (1917).— Type: MADAGASCAR. Bassin des Mangoky, H. Perrier de la Bâthie 5432 [Hochreutiner no. 73, as cited in the protologue] (Lectotype [Hochreutiner, 1955]: P).

  • Abutilon pseudocleistogamum forma bathiei (Hochr.) Hochr., Fl. Madag. Malvac. 137 (1955). Basionym: Abutilon bathiei Hochr., Candollea 2: 121 (1925).— Type: MADAGASCAR. He Europa, H. Perrier de la Bathie 13805 (Holotype: P).

  • Abutilon pseudogiganteum Steyerm., Fieldiana, Bot 28(2): 362 (1952).— Type: VENEZUELA. ANZOÁTEGUI: between San José and Cuctá, E of Bergantín, J. A. Steyermark 61519 (Isotypes: CAS [fragment], F, NY). [= Abutilon giganteum (Jacq.) Sweet]

  • Abutilon pseudostriatum Hochr., Pl. Bogor. Exsicc. 24 (1904).—Type: Bogor Botanic Garden, B. P. G. Hochreutiner [Exsicc. Bog.] 42 (Isotypes: BO, K, L, NY [fragment], P). [= Abutilon striatum Dicks, ex Lindl.]

  • Abutilon pubescens Moench, Methodus 620 (1794). Basionym: Sida abutilon L., Sp. Pl. 685 (1753).—Type: Hort. Cliff. (Lectotype [Borssum Waalkes, 1966]: BM-herb. Cliff.). [≡ Abutilon theophrastii Medik.] See Abutilon croizatianum Moscoso.

  • Abutilon pubescens (Cav.) Urb., Repert. Sp. Nov. Regni Veg. 16: 32 (1919), nom. illegit (Art. 53.1), non Abutilon pubescens Moench (1794). Basionym: Sida pubescens Cav., Diss. 1: 33. t. 7. f. 6 (1785).—Type: SANTO DOMINGO, J. Jussieu s.n. (P; possible Type: MA-476276 [cf. Garilleti, 1993, p. 135]). ≡ Abutilon croizatianum Moscoso, q. v.

  • Abutilon pubistamineum Ulbr., Repert. Nov. Spec. Regni Veg. 13: 500 (1915).—Type: ECUADOR. MANABÍ: El Recreo, Aug 1893, H. F. A. von Eggers 14917 (Holotype: B as photo F-9285; Isotypes: F, GH, K).

  • Abutilon pulchellum (Willd.) Sweet, Hort. Brit. ed. 1, 1: 53 (1826). Basionym: Sida pulchella Willd., Enum. Pl. Hort. Reg. Bot. Berol. 1809: 724 (1809).—Type: Hort. Bot. Berolinensis, ex Australia (Holotype: B-W no. 12707). [≡ Gynatrix pulchella (Willd.) Alef. ≡ Plagianthus pulchellus (Willd.) A. Gray]

  • Abutilon pulchellum (Willd.) G. Don, Gen. Hist. 1: 501 (1831), isonym without status (Art. 6.3). See preceding entry.

  • Abutilon pulchrum (Colla) G. Don, Gen. Hist. 1: 503 (1831). Basionym: Sida pulchra Colla, Hort. Ripul. 129. t. 34 (1824).— Type: Cult, “ex seminibus ab eodem Bertero lectis Baranguilla” (Lectotype [here designated]: plate 34, loc. cit.).

  • Abutilon pulverulentum Ulbr., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 54. (Beibl. 117): 51 (1916).—Type: PERU. CAJAMARCA: Prov. Hualgayoc, über San Miguel, A. Weberbauer 3904 (Holotype: B as photo F-9286). [= Sidasodes jamesonii (Baker f.) Fryxell & Fuertes]

  • Abutilon purpurascens (Link) K. Schum. in Martius, Fl. Bras. 12(3): 419 (1891). Basionym: Sida purpurascens Link, Enum. Hort. Berol. Alt. 2: 206 (1822).—Type: BRAZIL (specimen unknown). [≡ Bakeridesia purpurascens (Link) Monteiro; see Abutilon esculentum] Note: Numerous specimens are in the type collection at C, many annotated as Abutilon purpurascens by Schumann, but none can be linked to the basionym of Link.

  • Abutilon purpusii Standi., Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 23: 750 (1923).— Type: MEXICO. VERACRUZ: Barranca de Tenampa, Zacuapán, C. A. Purpus 4332 (Holotype: US; Isotypes: BM, F, GH).

  • Abutilon pycnodon Hochr., Bull. Herb. Boissier sér. 2, 2: 1001 (1902).—Type: SOUTHWEST AFRICA. Okanandja, K. Dinter 65 (P, WAG). [Cf. Abutilon salmoneum Ulbr.]

  • Abutilon pyramidale Turcz., Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 31: 203 (1858).—Type: VENEZUELA. BARQUISIMETO: Humocaro, N. Funck and L. J. Schlim 749 (Lectotype [here designated]: W as photo F-32634; Isotypes: MPU, P). [≡ Abutilon divaricatum Turcz.] Note: Turczaninow cites the type locality incorrectly as in Colombia (cf. Fryxell and Krapovickas, 1990).

  • Abutilon quinquelobum Ulbr., Repert. Nov. Spec. Regni Veg. 13: 501 (1915).— Type: BRAZIL, prope Rio de Janeiro, A. F. M. Glaziou 12438 (Holotype: B as photo F-9287; Isotypes: C as photo F-21596, K, P-2). [≡ Abutilon senile K. Schum., q.v. ≡ Bakeridesia senilis (K. Schum.) Hochr.].

  • Abutilon racemosum Schltdl., Linnaea 11: 367 (1837) .—Type: MEXICO. MICHOACÁN: Tlalpujahua, 1830, F. W. Keerl s.n. (Holotype; HAL; Isotype: BR). [≡ Allowissadula racemosa (Schltdl.) Fryxell]

  • Abutilon ramiflorum A. St.-Hil., Fl. Bras. Merid. 1: 199 (1827).—Type: BRAZIL. MINAS GERAES: Minas Novas prope Boa Vista do barra de Ciao, A. St.-Hilaire s.n. (Holotype: P as photo F-35461).

  • Abutilon ramosissimum C. Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 2: 116 (1835).—Type: MEXICO. GUERRERO: Acapulco, T. Haenke s.n. (Holotype: PR?; Isotypes: BM, MO, W as photo F-32635). [= Abutilon trisulcatum (Jacq.) Urb.]

  • Abutilon ramosum (Cav.) Guillem. & Perr., Fl. Seneg. Tent. 1: 68 (1831, “23–26 April” fide Stafleu and Cowan). Basionym: Sida ramosa Cav., Diss. 1: 28. t. 6. f. 1 (1785).—Type: SENEGAL. M. Adanson s.n. (MA-476281 [cf. Garilleti 1993: 136]). Note: Guillemin & Perrottet cite Cavanilles in error as “Diss. 1: 34. t. 9. f. 2,” which is a clear reference to Sida obtusa Cav. and not to Sida ramosa Cav. This seems to strain the intent of Art. 33.4. If it is deemed that the combination A. ramosum of Guillemin & Perrottet is therefore not validly published, then the following entry becomes the valid publication of the name.

  • Abutilon ramosum (Cav.) G. Don, Gen. Hist. 1: 501 (1831, “early August” fide Stafleu and Cowan), isonym without status (Art. 6.3). Basionym: Sida ramosa Cav., Diss. 1: 28. t. 6. f. 1 (1785).— Type: SENEGAL. J. Jussieu s.n. (MA-476281). Cf. Garilletti (1993, p. 136 and see discussion in preceding entry.

  • Abutilon ramosum var. chevalieri Hochr. ex Ulbr., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 51: 28 (1913).—Type: AFRICA. Territoire du Haut-Oubangui, Bassin du moyenne Koddo, 28 Nov 1902, A. J. B. Chevalier 6466 (Holotype: P; Isotypes: K, P-2).

  • Abutilon ramosum var. pfundii Ulbr., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 51: 28 (1913).—Type: KORDOFAN: el-Obéïd, Weg nach Malbe, J. D. C. Pfund 276 (Holotype: “herb. Schweinfurth”).

  • Abutilon ramosum var. sparmannioid.es (Guillem. & Perr.) Hochr., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 6: 17 (1902). Basionym: Abutilon sparmannioides Guillem. & Perr., Fl. Seneg. Tent. 1: 70 (1831).—Type: SENEGAMBIA. in sylvis humidis et paludosis prope Dagana in regno Walo, F. R. Leprieur s.n. (Lectotype [here designated]: P; Isotype: P-herb. Dugand).

  • Abutilon ranadei Woodrow & Stapf, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1894: 99 (1894).—Type: INDIA. Cunba Strait, road Kothapur-Putnagiri, 18 Dec 1893, Rowjee s.n. (Holotype: K).

  • Abutilon reflexum (Lam.) Sweet, Hort. Brit. ed. 1, 1: 53 (1826). Basionym: Sida reflexa Lam., Encycl. 1: 16 (1783).—Type: PERU. J. Dombey s.n. (Holotype: P; Isotype: P). The specimens designated by Burandt and Fryxell (1990) as neotype and isoneotype (P-JU no. 12327) are probably gardengrown progeny of Dombey's collection.

  • Abutilon regnellii Miq., Linnaea 22: 554 (1849).—Type: BRAZIL. MINAS GERAIS: Caldas, A. F. Regnell 11–17 (Lectotype [here designated]: U; Isotypes: B as photo F-9288, NY, P-2).

  • Abutilon rehmannii Baker f., J. Bot. 31: 217 (1893). Type: TRANSVAAL. A. Rehmann 5221 (Lectotype [here designated]: BM).

  • Abutilon reticulatum Rose, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 5: 171 (1899).—Type: MEXICO. OAXACA: Monte Alban, C. G. Pringle 6062 (Lectotype [Fryxell 1988]: US; ISOLectotypes: BR, F as photo F- 56132, GH-3, GOET, K, MASS, MEXU, MICH, MIN, MO, MSC, P, PH, UC, VT). [= Abutilon andrieuxii Hemsl.]

  • Abutilon reventum S. Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 21: 418 (1886).— Type: MEXICO. CHIHUAHUA: Hacienda San José, 25 mi S of Batopilas, Aug 1885, E. Palmer 56 (Lectotype [Fryxell, 2001]: GH; Isotype: US).

  • Abutilon rigidum G. Don, Gen. Hist. 1: 504 (1831).—Type: GUINEA, coll.7. specimen unknown (Holotype: BM?).

  • Abutilon rivulare A. St.-Hil., Fl. Bras. Merid. 1: 202 (1827) .—Type: BRAZIL. Rio del Samé, Provinicia Cisplatinae, A. St.-Hilaire 2342 (Holotype: P as photo F-35462). [= Abutilon affine (Spreng.) G. Don]

  • Abutilon roseum Hand.-Mazz., Symb. Sin. 7: 607 (1933).— Type: CHINA. YUNNAN: H. Handel-Mazzetti 8522 (Holotype: W?; Isotype: US).

  • Abutilon rotundifolium Mattei, Boll. Ort. Bot. Palermo 7: 182 (1908).—Type: SOMALIA. Mogadiscio, nelle dune, Jun 1907, Macaluso 38 (Holotype: PAL).

  • Abutilon rufescens (A. St. Hil.) G. Don, Gen. Hist. 1: 502 (1831). [orth. mut. = rufinerve, q.v.]

  • Abutilon rufescens Turcz., Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 31: 202 (1858).—Type: MEXICO. VERACRUZ: Mirador, J. J. Linden 1377 (Holotype: KW; Isotype: K), non Abutilon rufescens G. Don (1831). [= Wissadula excelsior (Cav.) C. Presl] Cf. Fryxell and Krapovickas (1990).

  • Abutilon rufinerve A. St.-Hil., Fl. Bras. Merid. 1: 205. t. 42 (1827).— Type: BRAZIL. Valla do Principe, propèque praedium Domingo Alfonso, A. St.-Hilaire s.n. (Holotype: P; Isotypes: P-2). [≡ Bakeridesia rufinervis (A. St.-Hil.) Monteiro]

  • Abutilon rufinerve var. confertum A. St.-Hil., Fl. Bras. Merid. 1: 206 (1827).— Type: BRAZIL. Padre Anastasio, ad viam … ad urbem Villa Rica, A. St.-Hilaire 173 (Holotype: P; Isotype: P as photo F-35463).

  • Abutilon rufinerve var. latifolium, A. St.-Hil. & Naud., Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. sér. 2, 18: 49 (1842).—Type: BRAZIL. Serra dos Orgaos, G. Gardner 319 (Holotype: P; Isotypes: G as photo F-23773, P). [≡ Bakeridesia rufinervis var. latifolia (A. St.-Hil. & Naud.) Monteiro]

  • Abutilon rufinerve var. ochraceum K. Schum. in Martius, Fl. Bras. 12(3): 416 (1891), as “ochracea.”—Type: BRAZIL. Gongo Soco, 1868, C. Bunbury s.n. (Syntype: BR).

  • Abutilon rufinerve var. subglabrum K. Schum. in Martius, Fl. Bras. 12(3): 416 (1891), as “subglabra.”—Type: BRAZIL. F. Sellow 726 (specimen not located).

  • Abutilon rufivelum K. Schum. ex Baker f., J. Bot. 31: 271 (1893), as “rufivellum,” without description, thus a nomen nudum in Abutilon.Type [of Hochreutiner's name in Bakeridesia]: BRAZIL. RIO DE JANEIRO: Nova Friburgo, Alto Macahé, A. F. M. Glaziou 18136 (Holotype: G-DC as photo F-7984; Isotypes: B as photo F-9290, BM, C-2, P-3). [≡ Bakeridesia rufivela Hochr., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 21: 419 (1920).]

  • Abutilon rufivelum K. Schum. ex Glaz., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 52 (Mém. 3): 47 (1909?), nom. nud. Abutilon rugosulum Hochr. ex Chodat & Hassl., Bull. Herb. Boissier sér. 2, 5: 288 (1905).— Type: PARAGUAY. E. Hassler 346 (Holotype: G as photo F-23777). [= Abutilon pauciflorum A. St.-Hil.]

  • Abutilon sachetianum Fosberg, Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 47: 7 (1981).— Type: MARQUESAS ISLANDS. Hivaoa, Hanaheka Valley, 300 m, R. Oliver and Schaefer 3193 (Holotype: US; Isotypes: BISH, GH, P, TAES).

  • Abutilon salicifolium Reiche, Anal. Univ. Chile 94: 623 (1896).—Type: CHILE, (specimen not located). [≡ Corynabutilon salicifolium (Reiche) Krapov.]

  • Abutilon salmoneum Ulbr., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 51: 24 (1913), nom. illegit. (Art. 52.1).—Type: Granithiigel um Okahandja, K. Dinter LL-65 (Lectotype [here designated]: WAG; Isotype: P). [ ≡ Abutilon pycnodon Hochr.]

  • Abutilon saltense Hassl., Repert. Nov. Sp. Regni Veg. 12: 498 (1913).—Type: ARGENTINA. SALTA: in dumento Rosario de la Frontera, M. Lillo 3877 (Lectotype [here designated]: LIL; Isotype: G). [= Pseudabutilon virgatum (Cav.) Fryxell]

  • Abutilon sandwicense (O. Deg.) Christoph., Occas. Papers Bishop Mus. 10(15): 4 (1934). Basionym: Abortopetalum sandwicense O. Deg., Fl. Hawaiiensis, Fam. 221 (1932).—Type: U.S.A. HAWAII: Oahu, gulch N of middle ridge between Puu Kamaohanui and Puu Pane, NE of Mt. Kaala, O. Degener et al 4193 (Holotype: BISH; Isotypes: BISH, NY).

  • Abutilon sandwicense var. welchii Christoph., Occas. Papers Bishop Mus. 10(15): 5 (1934).— Type: HAWAII. E. Christophersen 3714 (Isotypes: F as photo F-56221, US).

  • Abutilon scabridum K. Schum. in Martius, Fl. Bras. 12(3): 413 (1891).— Type: BRAZIL, prope Estiva, ut lego, F. Sellow 744 (SYNType: B as photo F-9291). [≡ Bakeridesia scabrida (K. Schum.) Kearney ex Fryxell, comb. nov. Kearney (1958, p. 212, note 1) stated that this species “should be transferred to Bakeridesia” but did not explicitly make the combination.

  • Abutilon scabrum S. Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 24: 41 (1889).— Type: MEXICO. SONORA: Guaymas, 4–30 Jul 1887, E. Palmer 97 (Lectotype [Fryxell, 1988]: GH; ISOLectotypes: BM, C-2, GH, K, NY, US-2).[= Abutilon abutiloides (Jacq.) Garcke]

  • Abutilon schaeferi Ulbr., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 51: 17 (1913) .—Type: GROSS-NAMALAND. an Wegen und Revieren bei Aus, Schaefer 361 (B?).

  • Abutilon schenckii K. Schum. in Martius, Fl. Bras. 12(3): 412 (1891).—Type: BRAZIL. Madre de Dios, L. Riedel 1316 (Lectotype [here designated]: P)]. [possibly a synonym of Abutilon falcatum A. St-Hil. & Naud., fide Garcke (1893)]

  • Abutilon schinzii Ulbr., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 51: 19 (1913) .—Type: GROSS-NAMALAND. bei Aus, H. Schinz 187 (Holotype: B-extant?; Isotype: Z?).

  • Abutilon seineri Ulbr., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 48: 369 (1912).—Type: SW AFRICA, in der Omaheke bei Epata, 1300 m, F. Seiner 346 (Holotype: B-extant?). [= Abutilon rehmannii Baker f.] Note: Ulbrich (loc. cit.) adds that other duplicates of this number are Sida spinosa L.

  • Abutilon selerianum Ulbr., Repert. Nov. Spec. Regni Veg. 12: 227 (1913).—Type: MEXICO. NUEVO LEON: Monterrey, E. Seler and C. Seler 1096 (Holotype: B, destroyed; Isotypes: GH, US). [ = Abutilon hypoleucum A. Gray]

  • Abutilon sellowianum (Klotzsch) Regel, Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. sér. 4,. 12: 379 (1859). Basionym: Sida sellowiana Klotzsch in Otto & Dietrich, Allgem. Gartenzeitg. 4: 9 (1836).—Type: Hort. Bot. Berlin, ex Brazil (Holotype: B as photo F-9293). [≡ Bakeridesia sellowiana (Klotzsch) Monteiro]

  • Abutilon senile K. Schum. in Martius, Fl. Bras. 12(3): 424 (1891).—Type: BRAZIL. RIO DE JANEIRO: Quinta de São Christovão, A. F. M Glaziou 12438 (Holotype: B as photo F-9287; Isotypes: C-2 as photo F-21596, G-DC as photo F-7983, K, P-3). [≡ Bakeridesia senilis (K. Schum.) Hochr.] Cf. Abutilon quinquelobum Ulbr.

  • Abutilon sepalum S. A. Husain & Baquar, Phyton 15(3/4): 224 (1974).— Type: PAKISTAN. Karachi, P.C.S.I.R. Campus, 27 Oct 1970, S. A. Husain s.n. (Holotype: CLH).

  • Abutilon septemlobum Miq., Linnaea 22: 554 (1849) .—Type: BRAZIL. MINAS GERAIS: pr. Caldas, A. F. Regnell 1–15 (Holotype: U; Isotype: S?). [= Abutilon regnellii Miq.]

  • Abutilon sessilifolium C. Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 2: 113 (1835).—Type: MEXICO. T. Haenke s.n. (Holotype: PR). [= Herissantia crispa (L.) Brizicky]

  • Abutilon sidoides Dalzell & Gibson, Bomb. Fl. 18 (1861).—Type: INDIA, near Cambey, N. A. Dalzell s.n. (K?). [= Abutilon ramosum (Cav.) Guillem. & Perr.]

  • Abutilon sidoides Hemsl., Diagn. Pl. Nov. Mexic. 2: 24 (1879), nom. illegit. (Art. 53.1), non Abutilon sidoides Dalzell & Gibson (1861), ≡ Abutilon hemsleyanum Rose, q.v.— Type: MEXICO. SAN LUIS POTOSÍ: C. C. Parry and E. Palmer 80 (Holotype: K; Isotypes: BM, NY, US). [= Pseudabutilon ellipticum (Schltdl.) Fryxell]

  • Abutilon simulans Rose, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 8: 318 (1905).— Type: MEXICO. MORELOS: near Cuernavaca, C. G. Pringle 8427 (Holotype: US; Isotypes: BM, CAS, F as photo F-56131, GH, GOET, K, MASS, MEXU, MICH, MIN, MO, MSC, NY, P, PH, POM, RM, S, TEX, UC, VT).

  • Abutilon sinaicum Mattei, Boll. Ort. Bot. Palermo n.s., 1: 94 (1915).— Type: EGYPT. Regione montana del Sinai, May, A. Figari s.n. (Holotype: FI).

  • Abutilon sinense Oliv. in Hook., Icon. Pl. 18: t. 1750 (1888).—Type: CHINA. Hupei, Nan-T'o, A. Henry 3822 (Lectotype [Hu 1955]: K; Isolectotype: P).

  • Abutilon sinense var. edentatum K. M. Feng, Fl. Yunnanica, 2: 202 (1979).— Type: CHINA. YUNNAN: S. Y. Hu 8110 (Holotype: HY).

  • Abutilon sinense var. yunnanense Hochr., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 21: 447 (1920).—Type: CHINA. YUNNAN: Szemao, A. Henry 11584 (Holotype: NY; Isotype: B). [= Abutilon gebauerianum Hand.-Mazz.]

  • Abutilon smenospermum Pic.-Serm., Miss. Stud. Lago Tana Ricerche Bot. 7: 92 (1951).—Type: not located. [= Abutilon cecilii N. E. Br.]

  • Abutilon somalense Mattei, Boll. Ort. Bot. Palermo n.s., 1: 81 (1915).—Type: SOMALILAND. Duna di Mogadiscio, G. Paoli 48 (Syntype: FI); Mogadiscio, lungo la strada di Afgai, G. Paoli 113 (Syntype: FI).

  • Abutilon sonneratianum (Cav.) Sweet, Hort. Brit. ed. 1, 1: 54 (1826), as “soneratianum”. Basionym: Sida sonneratiana Cav., Diss. 1: 29. t. 6. f. 4 (1785), non Sida sonneratiana Spreng. 1825- Type: SOUTH AFRICA. “Habitat ad caput B. Spei,” P. Sonnerat s.n. (Holotype: MA-476285).

  • Abutilon sonorae A. Gray, Smithsonian Contr. Knowl. 3 (Art.- 5) (Pl. Wright.) 2: 23 (1853).— Type: MEXICO. SONORA: Sonoita River, C. Wright 538 [899] (Holotype: GH; Isotypes: GH, K-2, NY, PH, US). [= Abutilon mollicomum (Willd.) Sweet]

  • Abutilon sordidum K. Schum. in Martius, Fl. Bras. 12(3): 406 (1891). — Type: ARGENTINA. Tabacal prope Oran, P. G. Lorentz and G. Hieronymus 863 (Isotypes: G as photo F-23774, NY-2). [ = Abutilon mollissimum (Cav.) Sweet]

  • Abutilon sparmannioides Guillem. & Perr., Fl. Seneg. Tent. 1: 70 (1831).— Type: SENEGAMBIA. in sylvis humidis et paludosis prope Dagana in regno Walo, F. R. Leprieur s.n. (Lectotype [here designated]: P; Isotype: P-herb. Dugand). [= Abutilon ramosum Guillem. & Perr., q. v.]

  • Abutilon speciosum (Spreng.) G. Don, Gen. Hist. 1: 502 (1831). Basionym: Sida speciosa Willd. ex Spreng., Syst. 3: 119 (1826).—Type: BRAZIL. CUMANÁ (specimen unknown). Hiepko (1972) cites B-W no. 12680 as Sida speciosa Willd., whereas this specimen is the type of Abutilon geminiflorum H.B.K., q.v.

  • Abutilon sphaerostaminum Hochr., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 21: 441 (1920).—Type: MEXICO. VERACRUZ: Barranca de Santa María, near Zacuapán, C. A. Purpus 2234 (Holotype: NY; Isotypes: GH, UC, US).

  • Abutilon spicatum H.B.K., Nov. Gen. Sp. 5: 271 [folio ed. 211] (1822).—Type: “Provincia de la Guyana, prope San Carlos del Rio Negro,” F. H. A. von Humboldt and A. Bonpland s.n. (Holotype; P-HBK; Isotype: B-W no. 12712 as photo F-9792). [≡ Briquetia spicata (H.B.K.) Fryxell]

  • Abutilon spinifex (L.) Scop., Introd. Hist. Nat. 288 (1777). Basionym: Hibiscus spinifex L., Syst. Nat. ed. 10, 1149 (1759). —Type: Plumier, Pl. Amer. pl. 1 (1755). [≡ Pavonia spinifex (L.) Cav.]

  • Abutilon stellatum (Cav.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(3): 18 (1898). Basionym: Sida stellata Cav., Diss. 1: 27. t. 5. f. 4 (1785).—Type: specimen unknown. [= Wissadula nudiflora (L'Hér.) Benth.] Cf. comments by Fries (1908, p. 66).

  • Abutilon stenopetalum Garcke, Bot. Zeit. 8: 683 (1850) .—Type: COLOMBIA. H. Wagener 25 (Holotype: B as photo F-9294).

  • Abutilon stipulare C. Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 2: 114 (1835).—Type: PHILIPPINES. LUZON: T. Haenke s.n. (Holotype: PR). [= Abutilon auritum (Wall.) Sweet]

  • Abutilon straminicarpum Fryxell, Brittonia 32: 264 (1980) .— Type: MEXICO. PUEBLA: Mpio. Caltepec, San Simón Tlacuilotepec, C. A. Purpus 4010 (Holotype: F; Isotypes: BM, GH, MO, NY, US).

  • Abutilon striatum Dicks, ex Lindl., Edward's Bot. Reg. 25: misc. 39 (1839).— Type: Holotype: Dickson in Maund, The Botanist 3: plate 144 (1839).

  • Abutilon subpapyraceum Hochr., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 6: 23 (1902).—Type: VIRGIN ISLANDS. ST. THOMAS: Pollyberg, Nov 1880, H. F. A. von Eggers 117 (Holotype: G; Isotypes: P-2). [= Abutilon indicum (L.) Sweet]

  • Abutilon subsagittatum Hochr., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 21: 444 (1920).— Type: MEXICO. TAMAULIPAS: vicinity of Victoria, 1 May-13 Jun 1907, E. Palmer 371 (Holotype: NY; Isotypes: K, US). [= Abutilon hypoleucum A. Gray]

  • Abutilon subumbellatum Philcox, Rev. Handb. Fl. Ceylon 11: 341 (1997).—Type: CEYLON. MANNAR DISTRICT: Akattikulam, 6.5 km S of Madhu Road, sea level, W. Meijer 802 (Holotype: US).

  • Abutilon subviscosum Benth., Fl. Austral. 1: 202 (1863) .— Type: AUSTRALIA. [QUEENSLAND?]: “subtropical regions of the interior,” T. L. Mitchell s.n. (K).

  • Abutilon sundaicum (Blume) G. Don, Gen. Hist. 1: 500 (1831). Basionym: Sida sundaica Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 2: 78 (1825).—Type: JAVA. Mt. Parang, C. L. Blume s.n. (Lectotype [here designated]: L-0012915; Isotypes: L-3, P). [ = Abutilon persicum (Burm. f.) Merr.]

  • Abutilon ×suntense C. D. Brickell, J. Roy. Hort. Soc. 96(6): 275 (1971).— Type: ex hort. Sunte House, Haywards Heath, Sussex, Anglia, 10 Jun 1969, s. coll., s.n. (Holotype: BM). [Cult.—Abutilon ochsenii ×vitifoliumCorynabutilon ×suntense (C. D. Brickell) Fryxell, comb, nov.]

  • Abutilon sylvaticum (Cav.) K. Schum. in Martius, Fl. Bras. 12(3): 418 (1891) as “silvaticum.” Basionym: Sida sylvatica Cav., Diss. 2: 56 (1786); 5: 276. t. 133. f 2 (1788).—Type: PERU, in sylvis prope flumen Maragnon, J. Dombey s.n. (Holotype: MA-29760, as photo F-29760). The basionym, Sida sylvatica Cav., is evidently not an Abutilon and is best treated as a sp. dub. (Fuertes and Fryxell, 1993b).

  • Abutilon sylvaticum sensu K. Schum. in Martius, Fl. Bras. 12(3):418 (1891). [= Abutilon dianthum C. Presl]. Schumann's description is discordant with the basionym of Cavanilles (see preceding entry).

  • Abutilon sylvaticum subsp. buchtienii R. E. Fr., Kongl. Svenska Vetenskapsakad. Handl. sér. 3, 24(4): 8 (1947).—Type: BOLIVIA. Cotaña at Illimani, O. Buchtien 3206 (Holotype: S). [= Abutilon dianthum C. Presl]

  • Abutilon sylvaticum subsp. genuinum R. E. Fr., Kongl. Svenska Vetenskapsakad. Handl. sér. 3, 24(4): 7 (1947), not validly published (Art. 24.3).—Type: BOLIVIA. LARECAJA: vie. Sorata, 2600 m, E. Mandon 821 (Holotype: S).

  • Abutilon sylvaticum subsp. klugii, R. E. Fr., Kongl. Svenska Vetenskapsakad. Handl. sér. 3, 24(4): 8 (1947).— Type: PERU. SAN MARTÍN: Zepalacio near Moyobamba, G. Klug 3749 (Holotype: S; Isotypes: CAS, F as photo F-56220, US). [ = Abutilon dianthum C. Presl]

  • Abutilon tacuaremboense Arechav., Anales Mus. Nac. Montevid. (Fl. Urug. 1:) 3: 133 (1901).— Type: URUGUAY. TACUAREMBÓ: Tambores, J. Arechavaleta s.n. (Holotype: MVM?). [= Abutilon malachroides A. St.-Hil. & Naud.]

  • Abutilon taiwanense S. Y. Hu, Fl. China Fam 153, 32 (1955), as “taiwanensis.”—Type: TAIWAN. Kurara, J. L. Gressitt 462 (Isotype: U). [= Abutilon indicum subsp. guineënse (Schumach.) Borss. Waalk., but treated as a distinct species by Hu (1955)]

  • Abutilon tehuantepecense Fryxell, Madroño 23: 326 (1976).—Type: MEXICO. OAXACA: Cerro de las Animas, T. B. MacDougall HI66 (Holotype: NY; Isotypes: F as photo F-56130, TEX).

  • Abutilon terminale (Cav.) A. St. Hil., Fl. Bras. Merid. 1: 203 (1827). Basionym: Sida terminalis Cav., Diss. 1: 29. t. 6. f. 6 (1785).—Type: URUGUAY, near Montevideo, P. Commerson s.n. (Lectotype [here designated]: P as photo F-35465; Isotype: MA-476291, p.p. Cf. Garilleti (1993, p. 138).

  • Abutilon terminale var. islae-malae Arechav., Anales Mus. Nac. Montevid. (Fl. Urug. 1:) 3: 135.—Type: URUGUAY. Isla Mala, J. Arechavaleta? s.n. (Holotype: MVM?).

  • Abutilon texense Torr. & A. Gray, Fl. N. Amer. 1: 231 (1838) , as “texensis.”—Type: U.S.A. TEXAS: between Brazoria and San Felipe, 1835, T. Drummond 35 (Isotypes: BM, K-3, NY, OXF). [ = Abutilon fruticosum Guillem. & Perr.]

  • Abutilon theophrasti Medik., Malvenfam. 28 (1787). Basionym: Sida abutilon L., Sp. Pl. 685 (1753).—Type: Hort. Cliff. (Lectotype [Borssum Waalkes, 1966]: BM-herb. Cliff.).

  • Abutilon theophrasti var. chinense (Skvortzow) S. Y. Hu, Fl. China fam. 153: 32 (1955). Basionym: Abutilon avicennae var. chinense Skvortzow, Lingn. Sci. J. 6: 220 (1930), as “chinensis”.—Type: CHINA. N. MANCHURIA (Type not further stated).

  • Abutilon theophrasti var. nigrum (Skvortzow) S. Y. Hu, Fl. China fam. 153: 32 (1955). Basionym: Abutilon avicennae forma nigrum Skvortzow, Lingn. Sci. J. 6: 220 (1930), as “nigra.”— Type: CHINA. N. MANCHURIA (Type not further stated).

  • Abutilon thompsonii André, Rev. Hortic. Beige Etrangère 11: 7. t. 1 (1885).— Type: loc. cit., plate 1. [= Abutilon striatum Dicks, ex Lindl.]

  • Abutilon thurberi A. Gray, Mem. Amer. Acad. Arts n.s., 5 (Pl. Thurb.): 307 (1854).—Type: MEXICO. SONORA: Magdalena, G. Thurber 911 (Holotype: GH; Isotypes: K, MO, NY). [= Pseudabutilon thurberi (A. Gray) Fryxell]

  • Abutilon thyrsodendron Griseb., Abh. Königl. Ges. Wiss. Göttingen (Symb. Fl. Argent.) 24: 48 (1879).—Type: ARGENTINA. ORAN: in sylvis subtropicis Tabaccal, P. G. Lorentz and G. Hieronymus 521 (Isotypes: B as photo F-9295, UC).

  • Abutilon tiliifolium Sweet, Hort. Brit. ed. 1, 53 (1826), as “tiliaefolium.”—Type: CHINA. (Lectotype [here designated]: Jacq., Eel. Pl. Rar. t. 35 (1812). [= Abutilon theophrasti Medik.]

  • Abutilon timoriense (DC.) G. Don, Gen. Hist. 1: 500 (1831). Basionym: Sida timoriensis DC., Prodr. 1: 468 (1824).— Type: TIMOR. A. Riedlé s.n. (Holotype: G-DC; Isotype: P). [= Abutilon persi- cum (Burm. f.) Merr.]

  • Abutilon tiubae K. Schum. in Martius, Fl. Bras. 12(3): 381 (1891).— Type: BRAZIL. BAHIA: in monte Serra de Tiuba, C. F. P. von Martius s.n. (B as photo F-9296). [≡ Herissantia tiubae (K. Schum.) Monteiro]

  • Abutilon tiubae forma annuum Hassl., Trab. Mus. Farmacol. 21: 82 (1909).—Type: ARGENTINA/ PARAGUAY (Pilcomayo): Orillas de los montes, T. Rojas 353 (G?).

  • Abutilon tiubae var. parviflorum Hassl., Trab. Mus. Farmacol. 21: 82 (1909).— Type: not stated, but comprising f. annuum and f. perrene.

  • Abutilon tiubae forma perenne Hassl., Trab. Mus. Farmacol. 21: 82 (1909).—Type: ARGENTINA/PARAGUAY (Pilcomayo): Orillas de los riachos, T. Rojas 282 (G?).

  • Abutilon tomentosum (Roxb.) Wight & Arn., Prodr. Fl. Ind. Orient. 56 (1834). Basionym: Sida tomentosa Roxb., Hort. Beng. 50 (1814), nom. nud.; Fl. Ind. 3: 178 (1832), nom. illegit. (Art. 53.1), non Sida tomentosa Cav., Descr. Pl. 164 (1802).—Type: Hort. Bot. Calcuttensis, 1852, W. Roxburgh s.n. (Holotype: K). [= Abutilon pannosum (G. Forst.) Schltdl.]

  • Abutilon tortuosum Guillem. & Perr., Fl. Seneg. Tent. 1: 68 (1831).—Type: SENEGAL, “in argillosis regni Walo prope la Senégalaise, Richard-Tol, etc.,” Rogers s.n. (K, P-2). [= Abutilon grandifolium (Willd.) Sweet]

  • Abutilon trichodum A. Rich., Hist. Fis. Cuba, Bot 10: 155 (1845).—Type: CUBA. R. de la Sagra s.n. (Holotype: P-herb. Richard; Isotype: K). [≡ Herissantia trichoda (A. Rich.) Fryxell]

  • Abutilon tridens Standi. & Steyerm., Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot. Ser. 23: 173 (1944).—Type: GUATEMALA. El Progresso, J. A. Steyermark 43439 (Lectotype [Fryxell 1988]: F-1132511; Isolectotypes: F-1132507, US).

  • Abutilon trilobatum Hemsl., Diagn. Pl. Nov. Mexic. 2: 24 (1879).—Type: MEXICO. SAN LUIS POTOSI: C. C. Parry and E. Palmer 81 (Holotype: K; Isotypes: BM, GH, MO, NY, P, PH, US). [ = Allowissadula sessei (Lag.) D. M. Bates]

  • Abutilon trinervisepalum Hochr., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 20: 69 (1917).—Type: MADAGASCAR. bords du Jabohazo, H. Perrier de la Bdthie 1318 (”COType”: P) [= Abutilon greveanum (Baill.) Hochr.]

  • Abutilon triquetrum (L.) Sweet, Hort. Brit. ed. 1, 53 (1826) . Basionym: Sida triquetra L., Sp. Pl. ed. 2, 962 (1763), nom. illegit. (Art. 52.1) ≡ Sida trisulcata Jacq. (1760). See Abutilon trisulcatum (Jacq.) Urb.

  • Abutilon triquetrum (L.) C. Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 2: 115 (1836), isonym without status (Art. 6.3). Basionym: Sida triquetra L. Sp. Pl. ed. 2, 962 (1763), nom. illegit. (Art. 52.1).

  • Abutilon trisulcatum (Jacq.) Urb., Repert. Nov. Spec. Regni Veg. 16: 32 (1919). Basionym: Sida trisulcata Jacq., Enum. Syst. Pl. 26 (1760).—Type: INSULA DOMINGO. Jacquin s.n. (specimen unknown).

  • Abutilon truncatum (Cav.) G. Don, Gen. Hist. 1: 503 (1831). Basionym: Sida truncata Cav., Diss. 1: 35. t .6. f. 7 (1785).—Type: Hort Paris ex Ins. Santo Domingo (MA-476296).

  • Abutilon tubulosum (Hook, f.) Walp., Ann. Bot. Syst. 2: 158 (1851). Basionym: Sida tubulosa A. Cunn. ex Hook. f. in Mitchell, Trop. Austral. 390 (1848).— Type: AUSTRALIA. NEW SOUTH WALES: Liverpool Plains, May 1824, A. Cunningham 84 (Holotype: K).

  • Abutilon tubulosum var. breviflorum Benth., Fl. Austral. 1: 200 (1863).—Type: AUSTRALIA. Dawson River, F. Mueller s.n. (MEL?).

  • Abutilon tulla (Ulbr.) Krapov., Bonplandia 3: 43 (1969). Basionym: Sida tulla Ulbr., Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 11: 534 (1932).—Type: PERU. [CUZCO]: Santa Ana, O. F. Cook and G. B. Gilbert 1505 (Holotype: US; Isotype: CTES [fragment]). [≡ Tetrasida tulla (Ulbr.) Fuertes & Fryxell, comb, nov.]

  • Abutilon tultitlanapense Hochr., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 21: 443 (1920).— Type: MEXICO. PUEBLA: San Luis Tultitlanapa, C. A. Purpus 3254 (Holotype: NY; Isotypes: BM, F, MO, UC, US). [= Abutilon dugesii S. Watson]

  • Abutilon turumiquirense Steyerm., Fieldiana, Bot. 28(2): 363 (1952).—Type: VENEZUELA. SUCRE: Cerro de Turumiquire between La Trinidad and headwaters of Río de Amana, J. A. Steyermark 62689 (Holotype: F as photo F-56126; Isotypes: CTES [fragment], NY).[= Bastardiopsis turumiquirensis (Steyerm.) Fuertes & Fryxell, comb, nov.]

  • Abutilon umbellatum (L.) Sweet, Hort. Brit. ed. 1, 1: 53 (1826). Basionym: Sida umbellata L., Syst. Nat. ed. 10, 1145 (1759).—Type: JAMAICA. P. Browne s.n. (Holotype: LINN-866.16). [= Pseudabutilon umbellatum (L.) Fryxell]

  • Abutilon umbellatum subsp. glutinosum R. E. Fr., Kongl. Svenska Vetenskapsakad. Handl. sér. 3, 24 (2): 5 (1947).— Type: CUBA. SANTA CLARA: María Antonia, at Río Banao, E. L. Ekman 16223 (Holotype: S).

  • Abutilon “umbelliferum” (A. St.-Hil.) G. Don, Gen. Hist. 1: 501 (1831), orth. mut. Basionym: Abutilon umbelliflorum A. St.-Hil. (see following entry).

  • Abutilon umbelliflorum A. St.-Hil., Fl. Bras. Merid. 1: 204 (1827).—Type: BRAZIL. RIO GRANDE DO SUL: prope Estancia da Tronqueira, haud longe ad urbe Rio Pardo, A. St.-Hilaire 2790 (Holotype: P; Isotype: P as photo F-35466).

  • Abutilon umbelliflorum subsp. occidentale R. E. Fr., Kongl. Svenska Vetenskapsakad. Handl. sér. 3, 24 (2): 4 (1947).— Type: ARGENTINA. SALTA: Dep. Candelaria, Sierra de la Candelaria, S. Venturi 9601 (Holotype: S; Isotypes: CAS, US). [ = Abutilon umbelliflorum A. St.-Hil.]

  • Abutilon umtaliense Baker f., J. Bot. 74: 194 (1936).—Type: S. RHODESIA. Odzani River Valley, Umtali, A. J. Teague 385 (Holotype: K; Isotypes: BM, BOL, SRGH). [= Abutilon sonneratianum (Cav.) Sweet]

  • Abutilon “uratocarpum” Walp., Repert. Syst. Bot. 1: 324 (1842), sphalm. “ceratocarpum.” Basionym: Sida ceratocarpa Hook. & Arn. In Hook. Bot. Misc. 3: 154 (1833). [≡ Corynabutilon ceratocarpum (Hook. & Arn.) Kearney]

  • Abutilon usambarense K. Schum. ex Engl., Abh. Königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1894: 65 (1894), nom. nud.-Based on: Usambara, C. H. E. W. Holst 8921a (P-2).

  • Abutilon velutinum G. Don, Gen. Hist. 1: 504 (1831) .—Type: GUINEA, specimen unknown (Holotype: BM?).

  • Abutilon velutinum A. Gray, Gen. Fl. Amer. Bor. 111. 2: 67. t. 125 (1849), nom. illegit. (Art. 53.1), non Abutilon velutinum G. Don (1831).—Type: U.S.A. TEXAS: 4 Jul 1849, C. Wright 595 [53] (Holotype: GH; Isotypes: BM, K). [= Allowissadula holosericea (Scheele) D. M. Bates]

  • Abutilon venosum Lem., Hort. Universal Misc. 1844 (1845) ; ex Fl. Serres Jard. Eur. 2(3): t. 5 (1846).—Type: loc. cit. plate 5. [= Abutilon striatum Dicks, ex Lindl.]

  • Abutilon venosum var. brevicalyx K. Schum. in Martius, Fl. Bras. 12(3): 431 (1891).—Type: BRAZIL. RIO DE JANEIRO: Sao Christovao, 16 Mar 1887, A. F. M. Glaziou 14504 (Lectotype [here designated]: P; ISOLectotypes: C-2, P).

  • Abutilon venosum var. lanatum K. Schum. in Martius, Fl. Bras. 12(3): 431 (1891).— Type: BRAZIL, without precise locality, F. A. Mendonga 1050 (specimen not located).

  • Abutilon verbascoides Turcz., Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 31: 203 (1858).— Type: VENEZUELA. CARACAS: prope Tabacal, N. Funck [as “Galeotti”] 460 (Lectotype [here designated]: P). [= Wissadula contracta (Link) R. E. Fr., q.v.] Cf. Fryxell and Krapovickas (1990).

  • Abutilon vesicarium (Cav.) Sweet, Hort. Brit. ed. 1, 54 (1826). Basionym: Sida vesicaria Cav., Diss. 2: 55. t. 14. f. 3 (1786).—Type: Hort Yssy [cult.] ex MEXICO, s. coll. s.n. (Lectotype [here designated]: MA-476298 [cf. Garilleti 1993: 140]; Isotypes: G-herb. Moricand as photo F-23776, P-JU no. 12322). [= Abutilon indicum (L.) Sweet fide Ulbrich (1913)]

  • Abutilon vexillarium E. Morren, Belgique Hortic. 14: 289. t. 16 (1864).— Type: loc. cit., plate 16 (Holotype).

  • Abutilon vidalii (Phil.) Speg., Revista Fac. Agron. Univ. La Plata 3: 499 (1897), as “vidali.”— Type: unknown. [≡ Cristaria vidalii Phil., Anales Univ. Chile 82: 306 (1892), as “vidali”]

  • Abutilon virens A. St.-Hil. & Naud., Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. sér. 2, 18: 48 (1842).— Type: BRAZIL. MINAS GERAIS: P. Claussen 122 (G-DEL, P). [ ≡ Bakeridesia purpurascens (Link) Monteiro] Note: St.-Hilaire & Naudin state: “-Sida rosea: Link & Otto, Ic. select, t.32?-Hook. Bot. Mag. 3150?”

  • Abutilon virgatum (Cav.) Sweet, Hort. Brit. ed. 1, 53 (1826) . Basionym: Sida virgata Cav., Icon. 1: 53. t. 73 (1791).— Type: in Hort. Bot. Madrid ex PERU. (Holotype: MA-476302-[cf. Garilleti, 1993, p. 141]; Isotypes: CTES [fragment], G? as photo F-8000, K, P as photo F-35549). [≡ Pseudabutilon virgatum (Cav.) Fryxell]

  • Abutilon virgatum var. paraguariense Hassl., Addenda Pl. Hassl. 16 (1917), nom. nud.

  • Abutilon virgatum var. tomentosum K. Schum. in Martius, Fl. Bras. 12 (3): 391 (1891).— Type: BRAZIL. BAHIA: Jacobina, J. S. Blanchet 3893 (Lectotype [here designated]: P).

  • Abutilon virginale Hort. Damm. ex Regel, Gartenfl. 74 (1891).— Type: unknown.

  • Abutilon virginianum Krapov., Bonplandia 3: 44 (1969), nom. nov. Basionym: Sida eggersii Baker f., J. Bot. 30: 139 (1892), non Abutilon eggersii Baker f. (1893).—Type: VIRGIN ISLANDS. TORTOLA: Coxhead Hill, H. F. A. von Eggers 3183 (Isotype: US). [≡ Bastardiopsis eggersii (Baker f.) Fuertes & Fryxell]

  • Abutilon viride Phil., Anales Univ. Chile 82: 323 (1893).—Type: CHILE. CALCHAGUA: Talcaregue, R. A. Philippi s.n. (Holotype: SGO-51969). [≡ Corynabutilon viride (Phil.) A. Marticorena, q.v.]

  • Abutilon vitifolium (Cav.) G. Don, Gen. Hist. 1: 504 (1831) . Basionym: Sida vitifolia Cav., Icon. 5: 12. t. 420 (1799). — Type: CHILE, prope arroyo agua inter Almendrál et fundum vulgo Viña, L. Née 824 (Holotype: MA-29761). [≡ Corynabutilon vitifolium (Cav.) Kearney]

  • Abutilon vitifolium (Cav.) C. Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 2: 116 (1835), isonym without status (Art. 6.3). See preceding entry.

  • Abutilon vulcanicola Standi., J. Washington Acad. Sci. 14: 238 (1924).— Type: EL SALVADOR. P. C. Standley 21514 (Holotype: US; Isotypes: GH, NY). [≡ Bakeridesia vulcanicola (Standi.) D. M. Bates]

  • Abutilon wagenerianum Regel, Cat. Pl. Hort. Aksakov. 1 (1860), nom. nud.

  • Abutilon webbianum Mattei, Boll. Ort. Bot. Palermo n.s., 1: 96 (1915).— Type: SOMALILAND, s. loc., Mangano s.n. (Syntype; FI). Ethiopia. In Fazoglide, Nov-Dee, A. Figari s.n. (SYNType: FI).

  • Abutilon weberbaueri Ulbr., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 54. (Beibl. 117): 53 (1916).— Type: PERU. Ayacucho: prov. Parincochas, A. Weberbauer 5815 (IsoTypes: F as photo F-56125, GH, US). [= Bastardia bivalvis (Cav.) H.B.K.] Note: The GH specimen cited bears the correct collection number but a different locality than stated in the protologue.

  • Abutilon whistleri Fosberg, Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 47: 10 (1981).— Type: SAMOA. Savai'i Island, above Alailua, 1300–1400 m, E. Christophersen 2677 (Holotype: BISH; Isotypes: NY, US).

  • Abutilon wissadifolium Griseb., Abh. Königl. Ges. Wiss. Göttingen (Symb. Fl. Argent.) 24: 47 (1879).— Type: ARGENTINA. SALTA: ad Juramento; Oran: Gran Chaco, P. G. Lorentz and G. Hieronymus 293 (Lectotype [Krapovickas 1983]: GOET; Isotypes: B as photo F-9300, CORD, UC).] [≡ Wissadula grisebachii R. E. Fr.]

  • Abutilon wissaduloides Baker f. in Rose, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 3: 312 (1895).—Type: MEXICO. SINALOA: Ymalá, Sep-Oct 1891, E. Palmer 1720 (Holotype: BM; Isotypes: C-2, F, GH, NY, US-fragment). [≡ Bastardiastrum wissaduloides (Rose) D. M. Bates]

  • Abutilon wituense Baker f., J. Bot. 74: 193 (1936).—Type: Trop. EAST AFRICA. Witu, F. Thomas 10 (Holotype: BM).

  • Abutilon woronowii Ulbr., Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 11: 520 (1932).—Type: VENEZUELA. Colonia Tovar, G. J. N. Woronow 7480 (LE?). [ = Abutilon dianthum C. Presl]

  • Abutilon wrightii A. Gray, Boston J. Nat. Hist. 6: 162 (1850) .—Type: U.S.A. TEXAS: Maverick County, Rio Seco, C. Wright 594 [54] (Holotype: GH; Isotypes: BM, K, MO, NY, OXF, PH, UC, US). Abutilon xanti A. Gray, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 22: 301 (1887).—Type: MEXICO. BAJA CALIFORNIA SUR: Cape San Lucas, J. Xantus 9 (Holotype: GH; Isotypes: NY, US).

  • Abutilon yucatanum Standi., Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 23: 751 (1923).— Type: MEXICO. QUINTANA ROO: La Vega, E. A. Goldman 634 (Holotype: US). [≡ Bakeridesia yucatana (Standi.) D. M. Bates]

  • Abutilon zanzibaricum Bojer ex Mast, in Oliv., Fl. Trop. Afr. 1: 186 (1868).—Type: [four collections cited (none by Bojer): NIGER, Barton; CONGO, Burton; ZAMBESI, J. Kirk; ZANZIBAR, L. Bouton; -lectotypification needed.] [= Abutilon mauritianum (Jacq.) Medik. pro parte, fide Exell (1961).]

  • Abutilothamnus grewiifolius Ulbr., Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 6: 316 (1915). See: Abutilon grewiifolium

  • Akrosida macrophylla (Ulbr.) Fryxell & Fuertes, Brittonia 44: 442 (1992). See: Abutilon claussenii Allowissadula floribunda (Schltdl.) Fryxell, Brittonia 32: 265 (1980). See Abutilon floribundum

  • Allowissadula holosericea (Scheele) D. M. Bates, Gentes Herb. 11: 3450 (1978). See Abutilon holosericeum

  • Allowissadula racemosa (Schltdl.) Fryxell, Brittonia 32: 266 (1980). See Abutilon racemosum

  • Allowissadula sessei (Lag.) Bates, Gentes Herb. 11: 343 (1978) . See Abutilon trilobatum Anoda hirsuta Phil., Linnaea 28: 675 (1856). See Abutilon hirsutum

  • Anoda ochsenii Phil., Linnaea 28: 613 (1856). See Abutilon ochsenii

  • Bakeridesia bakeriana (Rose) D. M. Bates, Gentes Herb. 10:473 (1973). See Abutilon bakerianum

  • Bakeridesia ferruginea (T. Martyn in Mill.) Krapov., Bol. Soc. Argent. Bot. 7: 37 (1957). See Abutilon galeottii, A. macranthum, A. peyritschii, A. planiflorum

  • Bakeridesia gaumeri (Standi.) D. M. Bates, Gentes Herb. 10: 480 (1973). See Abutilon gaumeri

  • Bakeridesia integerrima (Hook, f.) D. M. Bates, Gentes Herb. 10: 467 (1973). See Abutilon integerrimum

  • Bakeridesia lanata (Miq.) Leite & Monteiro, Anais Soc. Bot. Brasil 5: 431 (1956). See Abutilon lanatum

  • Bakeridesia macrantha (A. St.-Hil.) Leite & Monteiro, Anais Soc. Bot. Brasil 5: 432 (1956). See Abutilon macranthum

  • Bakeridesia nelsonii (Rose) D. M. Bates, Gentes Herb. 10:455 (1973). See Abutilon nelsonii

  • Bakeridesia notolophium (A. Gray) Hochr., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 21: 419 (1920). See Abutilon discolor, A. goldmanii, A. notolophium

  • Bakeridesia pittieri (Donn. Sm.) D. M. Bates, Gentes Herb. 10: 478 (1973). See Abutilon pittieri

  • Bakeridesia purpurascens (Link) Monteiro, Anais Soc. Bot. Brasil 5: 436 (1956). See Abutilon esculentum, A. purpurascens, A. virens

  • Bakeridesia rufinervis (A. St.-Hil.) Monteiro, Anais Soc. Bot. Brasil 5: 433 (1956). See Abutilon rufinerve

  • Bakeridesia rufinervis var. latifolia (A. St.-Hil. & Naud.) Monteiro, Anais Soc. Bot. Brasil 5: 434 (1956) . See Abutilon rufinerve var. latifolium

  • Bakeridesia rufivela Hochr., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 21: 419 (1920). See Abutilon rufivelum

  • Bakeridesia scabrida (K. Schum.) Kearney ex Fryxell, comb. nov. See Abutilon scabridum

  • Bakeridesia sellowiana (KLotsch) Monteiro, Anais Soc. Bot. Brasil 5: 437 (1956). See Abutilon sellowianum

  • Bakeridesia senilis (K. Schum.) Hochr., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 21: 421 (1921). See Abutilon quinquelobum, A. senile

  • Bakeridesia vulcanicola (Standi.) D. M. Bates, Gentes Herb. 10: 457 (1973). See Abutilon vulcanicola

  • Bakeridesia yucatana (Standi.) Bates, Gentes Herb. 10: 452 (1973). See Abutilon yucatanum

  • Bastardia angulata Guillem. & Perr., Fl. Seneg. Tent. 1: 65 (1831). See Abutilon angulatum

  • Bastardia bivalvis (Cav.) H.B.K., Nov. Gen. Sp. 5: 255 [fol. ed. p. 198] (1822). See Abutilon erosum, A. weberbaueri

  • Bastardia macrophylla Ulbr., Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 6: 324 (1915). See Abutilon claussenii

  • Bastardia viscosa (L.) H.B.K., Nov. Gen. Sp. 5: 256 [fol. ed. p. 199] (1822). See Abutilon circinnatum, A. foetidum

  • Bastardiastrum cinctum (Brandegee) D. M. Bates, Gentes Herb. 11: 324 (1978). See Abutilon cinctum

  • Bastardiastrum wissaduloides (Baker f.) D. M. Bates, Gentes Herb. 11: 320 (1978). See Abutilon wissaduloides

  • Bastardiopsis densiflora (Hook. & Arn.) Hassl., Fedde Repert. Nov. Sp. Regni Veget. 8: 40. 1910. See Abutilon densiflorum

  • Bastardiopsis eggersii (Baker f.) Fuertes & Fryxell in P. Acevedo, Flora of St. John 310 (1996). See Abutilon virginianum

  • Bastardiopsis grewiifolia (Ulbr.) Fuertes & Fryxell, comb. nov. See Abutilon grewiifolium

  • Bastardiopsis myriantha (Planch. & Linden) Fuertes & Fryxell, Fl. Ecuad. 44: 30 (1992). See Abutilon myrianthum

  • Bastardiopsis turumiquirensis (Steyerm.) Fuertes & Fryxell, comb. nov. See Abutilon turumiquirense

  • Briquetia spicata (H.B.K.) Fryxell, Brittonia 28: 321(1976). See Abutilon spicatum

  • Corynabutilon bicolor (Phil. Ex K. Schum.) Kearney, Leafl. W. Bot. 5: 190 (1949). See Abutilon bicolor

  • Corynabutilon ceratocarpum (Hook. & Arn.) Kearney, Leafl. W. Bot. 5: 190 (1949). See Abutilon ceratocarpum, A. “uratocarpum”

  • Corynabutilon ochsenii (Phil.) Kearney, Leafl. W. Bot. 5: 190 (1949). See Abutilon ochsenii, A. ×suntense

  • Corynabutilon salicifolium (Reiche) Krapov., Bonplandia (Corrientes): 3(2): 22 (1969). Sec Abutilon salicifolium

  • Corynabutilon × suntense (Brickell) Fryxell, comb. nov. See Abutilon × suntense

  • Corynabutilon viride (Phil.) A. Marticorena, Novon 11: 195 (2001). See Abutilon viride

  • Corynabutilon vitifolium (Cav.) Kearney, Leafl. W. Bot. 5: 190 (1949). See Abutilon garckei, A. ×suntense, A. vitifolium

  • Cristaria vidalii Phil., Anal. Univ. Chile 82: 307 (1893). See Abutilon vidalii

  • Dendrosida oxypetala (Planch. & Linden) Fryxell, Syst. Bot. 11: 277 (1985). See Abutilon oxypetalum

  • Gaya aurea A. St.-Hil., Fl. Bras. Mer. 1: 193. t. 38 (1828) . See Abutilon aureum

  • Gaya monosperma (K. Schum.) Krapov., Bonplandia 9: 61 (1996). See Abutilon monospermum

  • Gaya occidentalis (L.) Sweet, Hort. Brit. ed. 2, 64 (1830). See Abutilon cubanum, A. deflexum, A. occidental

  • Gayoides crispum (L.) Small, Fl. SE U.S. 764 (1903). See Abutilon sect. Gayoides

  • Gynatrix pulchella (Willd.) Alef., Österr. Bot. Zeitschr. 12: 35 (1862). See Abutilon pulchellum

  • Herissantia crispa (L.) Brizicky, J. Arnold Arbor. 49: 279 (1968). See Abutilon crispum

  • Herissantia tiubae (K. Schum.) Brizicky, Bol. Soc. Port. Cienc. Naturais, sér. 2, 5: 130 (1955). See Abutilon tiubae

  • Herissantia trichoda (A. Rich.) Fryxell, J. Arnold Arbor. 60: 316 (1979). See Abutilon trichodum

  • Hibiscus lavaterioides Moric. ex Seringe, Bull. Bot. 6: 174 (1830). See Abutilon marmoratum

  • Hibiscus marmoratus Lem., Illustr. Hort. 3: t.82 (1856). See Abutilon marmoratum

  • Hochreutinera amplexifolia (DC.) Fryxell, Brittonia 28: 322 (1976). See Abutilon amplexifolium

  • Hochreutinera hasslerana (Hochr.) Krapov., Darwiniana 16: 227 (1970). See Abutilon hassleranum, A. johnsonii

  • Horsfordia newberryi (S. Watson) A. Gray, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 22: 297 (1887). See Abutilon newberryi

  • Lavatera americana L., Syst. Nat. ed. 10, 1148 (1759). See Abutilon americanum

  • Neobaclea crispifolia (Cav.) Krapov., Darwiniana 7: 108 (1945). See Abutilon crispifolium

  • Neobrittonia acerifolia (G. Don) Hochr., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 9: 184 (1905). See Abutilon acerifolium

  • Pavonia spinifex (L.) Cav., Diss. 3: 133 (1787). See Abutilon spinifex

  • Phymosia abutiloides (L.) Ham., Pl. Ind. Occid. 50 (1825) . See Abutilon eggersii

  • Plagianthus pulchellus (Willd.) Hooker fil., Fl. Tasman. 1: 49 (1855). See Abutilon pulchellum

  • Pseudabutilon benense (Britton) Fryxell, Contr. Univ. Michigan Herb. 21: 178 (1997). See Abutilon balansae, A. benense

  • Pseudabutilon cinereum (Griseb.) Krapov., Bol. Soc. Argent. Bot. 24: 206 (1985). See Abutilon cinereum

  • Pseudabutilon cymosum (Triana & Planch.) Fryxell, Contr. Univ. Michigan Herb. 21: 181 (1997). See Abutilon cymosum

  • Pseudabutilon depauperatum (Hook, f.) Kearney, Madrono 11: 287 (1952). See Abutilon anderssonianum, A. depauperatum

  • Pseudabutilon ellipticum (Schltdl.) Fryxell, Contr. Univ. Michigan Herb. 21: 182 (1997). See Abutilon attenuatum, A. ellipticum, A. hemsleyanum, A. membranaceum, A. sidoides

  • Pseudabutilon nigripunctulatum (Ulbr.) R. E. Fr., Kongl. Svenska Vetenskapsakad. Handl., sér. 3, 24(2): 11 (1947). See Abutilon nigripunctulatum

  • Pseudabutilon orientale (Standi. & Steyerm.) Fryxell, Contr. Univ. Michigan Herb. 21: 186 (1997). See Abutilon demissum, A. orientale

  • Pseudabutilon scabrum (C. Presl) R. E. Fr., Kongl. Svenska Vetenskapsakad. Handl. 43(4): 103 (1908). See Abutilon barrancae

  • Pseudabutilon thurberi (A. Gray) Fryxell, Contr. Univ. Michigan Herb. 21: 189 (1997). See Abutilon thurberi

  • Pseudabutilon umbellatum (L.) Fryxell, Contr. Univ. Michigan Herb. 21: 190 (1997). See Abutilon sect. Anasida, A. sér. Umbellata, A. umbellatum

  • Pseudabutilon virgatum (Cav.) Fryxell, Contr. Univ. Michigan Herb. 21: 191 (1997). See Abutilon bridgesii, A. grevilleanum, A. mendocinum, A. paranthemoides, A. saltense, A. virgatum

  • Robinsonella lindeniana (Turcz.) Rose & Baker f., Gard. & Forest 10: 245 (1897). See Abutilon ambiguum

  • Robinsonella pleiopoda (Donn. Sm.) Fryxell, Gentes Herb. 11: 15 (1973). See Abutilon pleiopodum

  • Sida abutiloides Jacq., Obs. 1: 17. t. 7 (1764). See Abutilon abutiloides, A. decarpum, A. dentatum, A. domingense, A. jacquinii

  • Sida abutilon L., Sp. Pl. 685 (1753). See Abutilon sect. Policarpae, A. abutilon, A. pubescens, A. theophrasti

  • Sida acerifolia (Cav.) Medik., Malvenfam. 21 (1787) Cf. Abutilon acerifolium, A. garckei

  • Sida acerifolia (Cav.) Moench, Meth. 619 (1794). Cf. Abutilon acerifolium

  • Sida acerifolia Zuccagni in Roemer, Collectanea 148 (1809). Cf. Abutilon acerifolium

  • Sida acerifolia Lag., Nov. Gen. 21 (1816). See Abutilon acerifolium

  • Sida acerifolia Garcke, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 15: 491 (1893). See Abutilon garckei Sida ajfinis Spreng., Syst. Veg. 3: 121 (1826). See Abutilon affine

  • Sida albida Willd., Enum. Pl. 722 (1809). See Abutilon albidum, A. indicum var. albidum

  • Sida americana (L.) L., Sp. Pl. ed. 2, 963 (1762). See Abutilon americanum

  • Sida amplexifolia DC., Prodr. 1: 469 (1824). See Abutilon amplexifolium

  • Sida amplissima L., Sp. Pl. 685 (1753). See Abutilon amplissimum

  • Sida arborea L. fil., Suppl. Pl. 307 (1782). See Abutilon arboreum

  • Sida arnottiana Gillies ex Hook., Bot. Misc. 3: 154 (1833). See Abutilon arnottianum

  • Sida asiatica L., Cent. Pl. II, 26 (1756). See Abutilon asiaticum, A. hirsutissimum, A. indicum var. asiaticum

  • Sida atropurpurea Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 77 (1825) . See Abutilon atropurpureum

  • Sida aurita Wall, ex Link, Enum. Hort. Berol. 2: 206 (1822). See Abutilon auritum

  • Sida bedfordiana Hook., Bot. Mag. 68: plate 3892 (1841) . See Abutilon bedfordianum

  • Sida benensis Britton, Bull. Torr. Bot. Club 16: 153 (1889). See Abutilon benense

  • Sida chachapoyensis Baker f., J. Bot. 30: 324 (1892). See Abutilon chachapoyense

  • Sida circinnata Willd. ex Spreng., Syst. 3: 119 (1826). See Abutilon circinnatum

  • Sida cistiflora Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 2: 77 (1825). See Abutilon cistiflorum

  • Sida cistiflora L'Hér., Stirp. Nov. 127. t. 61 (1797). Cf. Abutilon cistiflorum

  • Sida contracta Link, Enum. Hort. Berol. 2: 204 (1822). See Abutilon contractum

  • Sida cornuta H.B.K. ex Willd., Enum. Hort. Berol. 724 (1809). See Abutilon cornutum

  • Sida crassifolia L'Hér., Stirp. Nov. 1: 125. t. 60 (1789). See Abutilon crassifolium

  • Sida crispa L., Sp. Pl. 685 (1753). See Abutilon crispum

  • Sida crispifolia Cav., Ic. Pl. 5: 11. t. 419 (1799). See Abutilon crispifolium

  • Sida cryptopetala F. Muell., Fragm. 2: 11. (1860/61). See Abutilon cryptopetalum

  • Sida densiflora Hook. & Arn., Bot. Misc. 3: 155 (1833) . See Abutilon densiflorum

  • Sida denticulata Fresen., Mus. Senckenb. 1: 182 (1834) . See Abutilon denticulatum

  • Sida depauperata Hook, f., Trans. Linn. Soc. London 20: 232 (1847). See Abutilon depauperatum

  • Sida diplotricha (F. Muell.) Schltdl., Linnaea 25: 380 (1853) . Cf. Abutilon diplotrichum

  • Sida discissa Bertol., Mem. Mat. Fis. Soc. Ital. Sci. Modena, Pt. Mem. Fis. 23: 305. t. 1 (1844). See Abutilon discissum

  • Sida eggersii Baker £, J. Bot. 30: 139 (1892). See Abutilon virginianum

  • Sida elata Macfad., Fl. Jamaic. 1: 87 (1837). See Abutilon elatum

  • Sida elegans Colla, Mem. Accad. Sci. Torino 35: 155 (1832) . See Abutilon elegans

  • Sida excelsior Cav., Diss. 1: 27. t. 5. f. 3 (1785). See Abutilon excelsior

  • Sida exstipularis Cav., Diss. 1: 31. t. 7. f. 3 (1785). See Abutilon exstipulare

  • Sida fluviatilis Veil., Fl. Flum. 278 (1825) [1827]; t. 7 (1827) [1829]. See Abutilon fluviatile

  • Sida foetida Cav., Diss. 6: 349. t. 196. f. 1 (1788). See Abutilon foetidum

  • Sida fraseri Hook. f. in Mitchell, Trop. Austral. 368. (1848). See Abutilon fraseri

  • Sida geranioides DC., Prodr. 1: 474 (1824). See Abutilon geranioides

  • Sida gigantea Jacq., Hort. Schoenbr. 2: 8. t. 141 (1797). See Abutilon giganteum

  • Sida glauca Cav., Icones 1: 8. t. 11 (1791). See Abutilon glaucum

  • Sida globiflora Hooker, [Curtis'] Bot. Mag. 55: t. 2821 (1828) . See Abutilon globiflorum

  • Sida grandifolia Willd., Enum. Hort. Berol. 2: 724 (1809). See Abutilon grandifolium

  • Sida graveolens Roxb. ex Hornemann, Suppl. Hort. Bot. Hafn. 77 (1819). See Abutilon graveolens

  • Sida greveana Baill., Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Paris 1: 504 (1885). See Abutilon greveanum, A. intermedium var. greveanum

  • Sida grevilleana Gillies, ex Hook., Bot. Misc. 3: 154 (1833) . See Abutilon grevilleanum

  • Sida guineensis Schumach., Kongel. Dansk. Vidensk. Selsk. Naturvidensk. Math. Afh. 4: 81 (1829). See Abutilon guineënse, A. indicum var. guineënse, A. indicum subsp. guineënse

  • Sida hernandioides L'Hér., Stirp. Nov. 2: 121. t. 58 (1789). See Abutilon hernandioides

  • Sida hirsuta Veil., Fl. Flum. 279 (1825) [1829]; t. 20 (1827) [1831]. See Abutilon hirsutum

  • Sida hirta Lam., Encycl. 1: 7 (1783). See Abutilon graveolens var. hirtum, A. hirtum, A. indicum var. hirtum

  • Sida hulseana Torr. & A. Gray, Fl. N. Amer. 1: 233 (1838) . See Abutilon hulseanum

  • Sida imberbis DC., Prodr. 1: 469 (1824). See Abutilon imberbe

  • Sida inaequalis Link & Otto, Icon. Pl. Select. Hort. Berol. 75. t. 34 (1825). See Abutilon inaequale

  • Sida incana Link, Enum. Hort. Berol. Alt. 2: 204 (1822). See Abutilon incanum

  • Sida indica L., Cent. Pl. II 26 (1756). See Abutilon elongatum, A. indicum

  • Sida integerrima Hook, f., Bot. Mag. sér. 3, 74 (4): t. 4360 (1848). See Abutilon aurantiacum, A. integerrimum

  • Sida lepida F. Muell., Fragm. 6: 168 (1868). See Abutilon lepidum

  • Sida leschenaultiana DC., Prodr. 1: 468 (1824). See Abutilon leschenaultianum

  • Sida leucopetala F. Muell., Fragm. 2: 12. (1860/61). See Abutilon leucopetalum

  • Sida lignosa Cav., Diss. 1: 28. t. 6. f. 2 (1785). See Abutilon lignosum

  • Sida lineata Veil., Fl. Flum. 280 (1825) [1829]; t. 25 (1827) [1831]. See Abutilon lineatum

  • Sida luciana DC., Prodr. 1: 468 (1824). See Abutilon lucianum

  • Sida macrophylla Hilsenb. & Bojer ex Baill., Bull. Soc. Linn. Paris 1: 504 (1885). See Abutilon intermedium var. macrophyllum

  • Sida mauritiana Jacq., Misc. Austriac. 2: 352 (1781–1782); Icon. Pl. Rar. t. 137 (1783). See Abutilon mauritianum

  • Sida megapotamica Spreng., Fl. Hal. Tent. 19 (1806). See Abutilon megapotamicum

  • Sida microsperma Cav., Diss. 1: 29. t. 13. f. 4 (1785). See Abutilon microspermum

  • Sida mollicoma Willd., Enum. Pl. Hort. Berol.725 (1809). See Abutilon mollicomum

  • Sida mollis Ortega, Nov. Rar. Pl. Descr. 65 (1798). See Abutilon molle

  • Sida mollissima Cav., Diss. 2: 49. t. 14. f. 1 (1786). See Abutilon mollissimum

  • Sida mutica Delile, Illustr. Fl. Egypt. 60, no. 633 (1813); ex DC. Prodr. 1: 470 (1824). See Abutilon muticum

  • Sida myriantha Planch. & Linden ex Triana & Planch., Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. sér. 4, 17: 179 (1862). See Abutilon myrianthum

  • Sida nudiflora L'Hér., Stirp. Nov. 123. t. 59 (1789). See Abutilon nudiflorum

  • Sida obtusa Cav., Diss. 1: 34. t. 9 f. 2 (1785). See Abutilon obtusum; cf. Abutilon ramosum

  • Sida occidentalis L., Cent. Pl. II 26 (1756). See Abutilon deflexum, A. occidentale

  • Sida orbiculata DC., Prodr. 1: 471 (1824). See Abutilon orbiculatum

  • Sida oxycarpa F. Muell., Fragm. 2: 12 (1860/61). See Abutilon oxycarpum

  • Sidapaeoniiflora Hook., Bot. Mag. t. 4170 (1845). See Abutilon paeoniiflorum

  • Sida pannosa G. Forster, Comment. Soc. Reg. Sci. Göttingen 9: 62 (1789). See Abutilon pannosum

  • Sida periplocifolia L., Sp. Pl. 684 (1753). See Abutilon periplocifolium

  • Sida periplocifolia var. caribaea DC., Prodr. 1: 468 (1824). See Abutilon periplocifolium var. caribaeum

  • Sida periplocifolia var. peruviana DC., Prodr. 1: 468 (1824). See Abutilon periplocifolium var. peruvianum

  • Sida periplocifolia var. zeylanica DC., Prodr. 1: 467 (1824) . See Abutilon periplocifolium var. zeylanicum

  • Sida permollis Willd., Enum. Pl. Hort. Berol. 728 (1809). See Abutilon permolle

  • Sida persica Burm. f., Fl. Ind. 148. t. 47. f. 1 (1768). See Abutilon persicum

  • Sida peruviana Lam., Encycl. 1: 6 (1783). See Abutilon peruvianum

  • Sida picta Hook. & Arn., Bot. Misc. 3: 154 (1833). See Abutilon pictum

  • Sida pilosa Moench, Methodus 1: 619 (1794). Cf. Abutilon pilosum

  • Sida pilosa Veil., Fl. Flum. 280 (1825) [1829]; t. 26 (1827) [1831] See Abutilon pilosum

  • Sida polyandra Roxb. ex Wall., Cat. 1851 (1828). See Abutilon polyandrum

  • Sida polyantha Schltdl. ex Link, Enum. Hort. Berol. Alt. 2: 204 (1822). See Abutilon polyanthon

  • Sida populifolia Lam., Encycl. 1: 7 (1783). See Abutilon indicum var. populifolium, A. populifolium

  • Sida presliana D. Dietr., Syn. Pl. 4: 856 (1847). See Abutilon haenkeanum

  • Sida pubescens Cav., Diss. 1: 33 (1785). See Abutilon croizatianum, A. pubescens

  • Sida pulchella Willd., Enum. Pl. Hort. Reg. Bot. Berol. 1809: 724 (1809). See Abutilon pulchellum

  • Sida pulchra Colla, Hort. Ripul. 129. t. 34 (1824). See Abutilon pulchrum

  • Sida purpurascens Link, Enum. Hort. Berol. Alt. 2: 206 (1822). See Abutilon purpurascens

  • Sida ramosa Cav., Diss. 1: 28. t. 6. f. 1 (1785). See Abutilon ramosum

  • Sida reflexa Lam., Encycl. 1: 6 (1783). See Abutilon reflexum

  • Sida rosea Link & Otto, Ic. Pl. Sel. 71. t. 32 (1825). Cf. Abutilon virens

  • Sida rostrata Thonn. & Schumach., Beskriv. Guin. Pl. 306 (1827). Cf. Abutilon laxiflorum

  • Sida sellowiana Klotzsch in Otto & Dietrich, Allgem. Gartenzeitg. 9 (1836). See Abutilon sellowianum

  • Sida sonneratiana Cav., Diss. 1: 29. t. 6. f. 4 (1790). See Abutilon sonneratianum

  • Sida speciosa Willd. ex Spreng., Syst. 3: 119 (1826). See Abutilon speciosum

  • Sida stellata Cav., Diss. 1: 27. t. 5. f. 4 (1785). See Abutilon nudiflorum, A. stellatum

  • Sida sundaica Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 2: 78 (1825) . See Abutilon sundaicum

  • Sida sylvatica Cav., Diss. 2: 56 (1786); 5: 276. t. 133. f 2 (1788). See Abutilon sylvaticum, A. dianthum

  • Sida terminalis Cav., Diss. 1: 29. t. 6. f. 6 (1785). See Abutilon terminate

  • Sida thyrsiflora Miq., Pl. Junghuhn. 287 (1854). Cf. Abutilon furfurellum

  • Sida timoriensis DC., Prodr. 1: 468 (1824). See Abutilon timoriense

  • Sida tomentosa Cav., Descr. Pl. 164 (1802). Cf. Abutilon tomentosum

  • Sida tomentosa Roxb., Hort. Beng. 50 (1814); Fl. Ind. 3: 178 (1832). See Abutilon tomentosum

  • Sida triquetra L., Sp. Pl. ed. 2, 962 (1763). See Abutilon triquetrum

  • Sida trisulcata Jacq., Enum. Syst. Pl. 26 (1760). See Abutilon trisulcatum

  • Sida truncata Cav., Diss. 1: 35. t. 6. f. 7 (1785). See Abutilon truncatum

  • Sida tubulosa Hook. f. in Mitchell, Trop. Austral. 390 (1848) . See Abutilon tubulosum

  • Sida tulla Ulbr., Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 11: 534 (1932). Set Abutilon tulla

  • Sida umbellata L., Syst. Nat. ed. 10, 1145 (1759). See Abutilon umbellatum

  • Sida vesicaria Cav., Diss. 2: 55. t. 14. f. 3 (1786). See Abutilon vesicarium

  • Sida virgata Cav., Icon. 1: 53. t. 73 (1791). See Abutilon virgatum

  • Sida vitifolia Cav., Icon. 5: 12. t. 420 (1799). See Abutilon vitifolium

  • Sidasodes jamesonii (Baker f.) Fryxell & Fuertes, Brittonia 44: 440 (1992). See Abutilon pulverulentum

  • Tetrasida chachapoyensis (Baker f.) Fryxell & Fuertes, Brittonia 44: 444 (1992). See Abutilon chachapoyense

  • Tetrasida tulla (Ulbr.) Fuertes & Fryxell, comb. nov. See Abutilon tulla

  • Urena repanda Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 64 (1825). Cf. Abutilon esquirolii

  • Weldena longifolia Pohl ex K. Schum. in Martius, Fl. Brasil. 12(3): 402 (1891). See Abutilon longifolium

  • Wissadula amplissima (L.) R. E. Fr., Kongl. Svenska Vetenskapsakad. Handl. 43(4): 48 (1908). See Abutilon amplissimum, A. crinitum

  • Wissadula aristulosa (K. Schum.) Monteiro, Anais Soc. Bot. Brasil 5: 450 (1956). See Abutilon aristulosum

  • Wissadula chapelieri (Baill.) Baker f., J. Bot. 31: 70 (1893). See Abutilon chapelieri

  • Wissadula contracta (Link) R. E. Fr., Kongl. Svenska Vetenskapsakad. Handl. 43(4): 60 (1908). See Abutilon contractum; cf. Abutilon leschenaultianum, A. leucanthemum, A. lucianum, A. periplocifolium var. albicans, A. verbascoides

  • Wissadula disperma Hochr., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 20: 114 (1917). See Abutilon dispermum Wissadula excelsior (Cav.) C. Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 2: 118 (1835). See Abutilon excelsior; cf. Abutilon patens, A. rufescens

  • Wissadula ferruginea (H.B.K.) Garcke & K. Schum. in Martius, Fl. Bras. 12(3): 443 (1891). See Abutilon ferrugineum

  • Wissadula glechomifolium R. E. Fr., Kongl. Svenska Vetenskapsakad. Handl. 43(4): 79 (1908). See Abutilon glechomifolium

  • Wissadula grisebachii R. E. Fr., Kongl. Svenska Vetenskapsakad. Handl. 43(4): 74 (1908). See Abutilon wissadifolium

  • Wissadula gymnanthemum (Griseb.) K. Schum. in Martius, Fl. Brasil. 12(3): 446 (1891). See Abutilon gymnanthemum

  • Wissadula hernandioides (L'Hér.) Garcke, Zeitschr. Naturw. 63: 124 (1890). See Abutilon hernandioides; cf. Abutilon laxiflorum, A. mucronulatum, A. periplocifolium var. caribaea, A. polyanthon

  • Wissadula hirsuta C. Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 2: 118 (1835) . Cf. Abutilon amplissimum, A. crinitum

  • Wissadula mucronulata A. Gray ex Torr., Rep. U.S. Mex. Bound. Surv. 39 (1859). See Abutilon mucronulatum

  • Wissadula nudiflora (L'Hér.) Benth., Bot. Voy. Sulphur 69 (1844). See Abutilon nudiflorum; cf. Abutilon stellatum

  • Wissadula parviflora (A. St.-Hil.) R. E. Fr., Kongl. Svenska Vetenskapsakad. Handl. 43(40: 46 (1908) . See Abutilon parviflorum

  • Wissadula periplocifolia (L.) C. Presl ex Thwaites, Enum. Pl. Zeyl. 27 (1858). See Abutilon periplocifolium; cf. Abutilon hastatum, A. periplocifolia var. zeylanica

  • Wissadula stellata (Cav.) K. Schum. in Martius, Fl. Bras. 12(3): 444 (1891). See Abutilon stellatum; cf. Abutilon nudiflorum

  • Wissadula subpeltata (Kuntze) R. E. Fr., Kongl. Svenska Vetenskapsakad. Handl. 43(4): 56 (1908). See Abutilon amplissimum var. subpeltatum

  • Wissadula zeylanica Medik., Malvenfam. 25 (1787). See Abutilon periplocifolium var. zeylanicum

Acknowledgments

I am grateful to the reviewers of this manuscript L. J. Dorr, N. A. Harriman, and K. N. Gandhi for their comments, which resulted in substantial improvements in the presentation of this information. Any errors of omission or commission are of course my own responsibility.

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Appendices

Index of Names Neotypified Herein

  • Abutilon contractum (Link) Sweet. (Basionym: Sida contracta Link.)

  • Abutilon incanum (Link) Sweet. (Basionym: Sida incana Link)

Index of Names Lectotypified Herein

  • Abutilon sect. Beloere Griseb.

  • Abutilon sect. Muticum C. Presl

  • Abutilon sect. Polycarpae (DC.) G. Don. (Basionym: Sida [sect.] Policarpae DC.)

  • Abutilon angulatum (Guillem. & Perr.) Mast. (Basionym: Bastardia angulata Guillem. & Perr.)

  • Abutilon angulatum var. macrophyllum (Baker f.) Hochr.

  • Abutilon balansae (Hassl.) Hassl. (Basionym: Wissadula balansae Hassl., non Baker f.)

  • Abutilon bedfordianum (Hook.) A. St.-Hil. & Naud. (Basionym: Sida bedfordiana Hook.)

  • Abutilon bedfordianum subsp. concolor (K. Schum.) R. E. Fr.

  • Abutilon bedfordianum var. concolor K. Schum.

  • Abutilon bedfordianum subsp. discolor (K. Schum.) R. E. Fr.

  • Abutilon bedfordianum var. discolor K. Schum.

  • Abutilon bedfordianum var. tomentellum R. E. Fr.

  • Abutilon carneum A. St.-Hil.

  • Abutilon commutatum K. Schum.

  • Abutilon cornutum Dalz. ex T. Cooke

  • Abutilon crassifolium (L'Hér.) G. Don. (Basionym: Sida crassifoilia L'Hér.)

  • Abutilon cunninghamii Benth.

  • Abutilon dinteri Ulbr.

  • Abutilon discissum (Bertol.) Schltdl. (Basionym: Sida discissa Bertol.)

  • Abutilon elaeocarpoides Webb Abutilon esculentum A. St.-Hil.

  • Abutilon eximium Linden & Planch.

  • Abutilon figarianum Webb

  • Abutilon fluviatile (Veil.) K. Schum.

  • Abutilon fraseri var. parviflorum Benth.

  • Abutilon fruticosum Guillem. & Perr.

  • Abutilon goudotianum Triana & Planch.

  • Abutilon gymnanthemum Griseb.

  • Abutilon holosericeum Scheele

  • Abutilon inaequale (Link & Otto) K. Schum. (Basionym: Sida inaequalis Link & Otto)

  • Abutilon insigne Planch.

  • Abutilon itatiaiae R. E. Fr.

  • Abutilon jujuiense Hassl.

  • Abutilon kotschyi Hochst.

  • Abutilon lilloi Hassl.

  • Abutilon lineatum (Veil.) K. Schum. (Basionym: Sida lineata Veil.)

  • Abutilon longicuspe Hochst.

  • Abutilon longifolium K. Schum.

  • Abutilon macropodum Guillem. & Perr.

  • Abutilon malmeanum R. E. Fr.

  • Abutilon mauritianum (Jacq.) Medik. (Basionym: Sida mauritiana Jacq.)

  • Abutilon melanocarpum A. St.-Hil. & Naud.

  • Abutilon micropetalum R. Brown

  • Abutilon montanum A. St.-Hil.

  • Abutilon mouraei K. Schum.

  • Abutilon neovidense K. Schum.

  • Abutilon neurocarpum Miq.

  • Abutilon oxycarpum (F. Muell.) F. Muell. (Basionym: Sida oxycarpa F. Muell.)

  • Abutilon pachecoanum Standi. & Steyerm.

  • Abutilon paniculatum Hand.-Mazz.

  • Abutilon parishii S. Watson Abutilon patens A. St.-Hil.

  • Abutilon pedrae-brancae K. Schum.

  • Abutilon periplocifolium var. caribaeum (DC.) G. Don. (Basionym: Sida periplociolia var. caribaea DC.)

  • Abutilon periplocifolium var. zeylanicum (DC.) G. Don. (Basionym: Sida periplocifolia var. zeylanica DC.)

  • Abutilon pictum (Gillies ex Hook. & Arn.) Walp. (Basionym: Sida picta Gillies ex Hook. & Arn.)

  • Abutilon pilosum (Veil.) K. Schum. (Basionym: Sida pilosa Veil., non Moench)

  • Abutilon pulchrum (Colla) G. Don. (Basionym: Sida pulchra Colla)

  • Abutilon pyramidale Turcz.

  • Abutilon ramosum var. sparmannioides (Guillem. & Perr.) Hochr. (Basionym: Abutilon sparmannioides Guillem. & Perr.)

  • Abutilon regnellii Miq.

  • Abutilon rehmannii Baker f.

  • Abutilon salmoneum Ulbr.

  • Abutilon saltense Hassl.

  • Abutilon schenckii K. Schum.

  • Abutilon sparmannioides Guillem. & Perr.

  • Abutilon sundaicum (Blume) G. Don (Basionym: Sida sundaica Blume)

  • Abutilon terminate (Cav.) A. St.-Hil. (Basionym: Sida terminalis Cav.)

  • Abutilon tiliifolium Sweet

  • Abutilon venosum var. brevicalyx K. Schum.

  • Abutilon verbascoides Turcz.

  • Abutilon vesicarium (Cav.) Sweet. (Basionym: Sida vesicaria Cav.)

  • Abutilon virgatum var. tomentosum K. Schum.

Paul A. Fryxell "An Abutilon Nomenclator (Malvaceae)," Lundellia 2002(5), 79-118, (1 December 2002). https://doi.org/10.25224/1097-993X-5.1.79
Published: 1 December 2002
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