This study sought to document potential insect pollinators of Neil Rock checkerbloom, Sidalcea hickmanii ssp. petraea (Malvaceae) and measure the effects of pollinator exclusion and plant type on flower, fruit, and seed production. Prior to this study, the pollination requirements of this gynodioecious plant were unknown and potentially complicated by its hermaphroditic and female-only plant types. Analyses showed that pollinator exclusion had no effect on mean number of flowers produced per raceme but significantly reduced the mean number of fruits produced per raceme and mean number of fruits produced per flower, as well as the mean number of seeds produced per raceme in both female-only and hermaphroditic plants. These results suggested that S. hickmanii ssp. petraea is pollinator dependent. Six orders (Hymenoptera, Coleoptera, Homoptera, Lepidoptera, Diptera, and Hemiptera) representing 29 taxa of insects (primarily Hymenoptera – notably Osmia and Hoplitis, and Coleoptera – notably Anthonomus and Trichodes) were collected from flowering S. hickmanii ssp. petraea plants. Adult Anthonomus weevils were observed selectively feeding on the developing fruits of hermaphroditic over female-only plants. This selective predation may have a significant impact on the maintenance of gynodioecy in this endemic, narrowly-isolated subspecies of Sidalcea hickmanii.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 94 • No. 1