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1 November 2000 N-Hydroxy-4-(4-chlorophenyl)thiazole-2(3H)-thione as a Photochemical Hydroxyl-radical Source: Photochemistry and Oxidative Damage of DNA (Strand Breaks) and 2′-Deoxyguanosine (8-oxodG Formation)
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Abstract

On irradiation of N-hydroxythiazole-2(3H)-thione 3 at 300 nm, the photoproducts disulfide 4, bisthiazole 5 and thiazole 6 are formed. During this photolysis, hydroxyl radicals are released, which have been detected by spin trapping with 5,5-dimethyl-1-pyrroline N-oxide (DMPO), coupled with electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy. In the presence of supercoiled pBR322 DNA, irradiation of thiazolethione 3 induces strand breaks through the photogenerated hydroxyl-radicals, as confirmed by control experiment with the hydroxyl-radical scavenger isopropanol. Singlet oxygen appears not to be involved, as attested by the lack of a D2O isotope effect. During the photoreaction of thiazolethione 3 in the presence of 2′-deoxyguanosine (dG), the latter is photooxidized (ca 10% conversion after 2 h of irradiation) to the 7,8-dihydro-8-oxo-2′-deoxyguanosine as the main oxidation product. The dG conversion levels off after complete consumption of thiazolethione 3 and is suppressed by the addition of the hydroxyl-radical scavenger 2,6-di-tert-butylcresol or DMPO. Since the photoproducts 4–6 are ineffective as sensitizers for the photooxidation of dG and DNA, the hydroxyl radicals released in the photolysis of thiazolethione 3 are the oxidizing species of DNA and dG. These results suggest that the thiazolethione 3 may serve as a novel and effective photochemical hydroxyl-radical source for photobiological studies.

Waldemar Adam, Jens Hartung, Hideki Okamoto, Chantu R. Saha-Möller, and Kristina Špehar "N-Hydroxy-4-(4-chlorophenyl)thiazole-2(3H)-thione as a Photochemical Hydroxyl-radical Source: Photochemistry and Oxidative Damage of DNA (Strand Breaks) and 2′-Deoxyguanosine (8-oxodG Formation)," Photochemistry and Photobiology 72(5), 619-624, (1 November 2000). https://doi.org/10.1562/0031-8655(2000)072<0619:NHCTHT>2.0.CO;2
Received: 14 June 2000; Accepted: 1 August 2000; Published: 1 November 2000
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