The effects of combined photodynamic therapy (PDT) and ionizing radiation are studied in a human glioma spheroid model. The degree of interaction between the two modalities depends in a complex manner on factors such as PDT irradiation fluence, fluence rate and dose of ionizing radiation. It is shown that gamma radiation and PDT interact in a synergistic manner only if both light fluence and gamma radiation dose exceed approximately 25 J cm−2 and 8 Gy, respectively. Synergistic interactions are observed only for the lower fluence rate (25 mW cm−2) investigated. The degree of interaction appears to be independent of both sequence and the PDT or ionizing radiation time intervals investigated (1 and 24 h). Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase–mediated deoxyuridine triphosphate nick-end labeling assays show that low-fluence rate PDT is very efficient at inducing apoptotic cell death, whereas neither high-fluence rate PDT nor ionizing radiation produces significant apoptosis. Although the mechanisms remain to be elucidated, the data imply that the observed synergism is likely not due to gamma-induced cell cycle arrest or to PDT-induced inhibition of DNA repair.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 76 • No. 4