Survanta is a replacement lung surfactant (LS) used in the treatment of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), the fourth leading cause of infant mortality in the United States. It consists of purified LS from bovine sources and retains the surfactant proteins (SP) SP-B and SP-C, both thought to be important in proper respiratory function. As such, it provides a useful and biologically relevant model system to probe the structure and function of natural LS. Here, we report results from high-resolution studies on model monolayers formed from Survanta to probe the mechanism of collapse at high surface pressure. Our results show the formation of two different collapse structures. At 62 mN/m, slightly below the collapse pressure, monolayer collapse occurs through buckling. Confocal fluorescence measurements on supported films reveal regions of overlapping phase structure in the films that mark the transition from monolayer to multilayer. Simultaneous near-field scanning optical microscopy fluorescence and force measurements show that the transition seen in the fluorescence measurements accompanies corresponding ∼4–5 nm changes in membrane topography. This change in height is consistent with bilayer formation on monolayer collapse. Analysis of the phase structure near the transitions also suggests that the buckling occurs from a continuous film. However, when the film is compressed to its collapse pressure of 65 mN/m, buckling is no longer evident in the collapsed region. In addition, multilayers and lipid–protein aggregates that are up to 40 nm higher than the monolayer are observed in the collapsed film at this pressure.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 80 • No. 3