We previously reported that Shewanella oneidensis MR-1 is extremely sensitive to natural solar radiation (NSR). Here we analyzed the global transcriptional profile of MR-1 during a 1-h recovering period after exposure to ambient solar light at a dose that yields about 20% survival rate on a Luria-Bertani (LB) plate. We observed the induction of DNA damage-repair genes, the SOS response as well as detoxification strategies that we previously observed in MR-1 following artificial UV-A irradiation. Few prophage-related genes were induced by natural solar UV radiation, however, in contrast to what was observed following artificial UV-B irradiation. Overall, the cellular response to NSR in MR-1 was more similar to that of UV-A than that of UV-B, but additional genes involved in detoxification were induced compared with induction by either UV-B or UV-A or their sum. Thus, oxidative stress appeared to contribute greatly to the NSR-induced cytotoxic effects in MR-1. A total of 29.1% of genome showed differential expression following NSR exposure, which is much greater than following exposure by UV-B (4.0%), UV-A (8.2%) or their sum (10.7%). Our data suggest that NSR may impact biological processes in a much more complex manner than previously thought.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 81 • No. 6