Ketoprofen is an important anti-inflammatory drug, but its dermal application is limited because of the photosensitizing properties causing phototoxic reactions of the skin when exposed to UV light. We have recently investigated the peroxide formation of ketoprofen in solutions of linoleic acid during UV irradiation. To continue these studies and focus on UV-induced changes in membrane integrity and barrier function we established an in vitro model using two biosensor techniques simultaneously. Support-fixed bilayers were irradiated with different doses of UV-B up to damaging intensities with or without ketoprofen. Cyclic voltammetry was carried out to detect alterations in membrane permeability; quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) measurements were helpful in analyzing whether a permeability increase was caused by depletion of membrane components. In absence of ketoprofen, increasing UV-B doses induce membrane permeabilities of both unsaturated and saturated bilayers. QCM measurements could not reveal a significant loss of membrane components as a reason for the permeability. In contrast, 0.3 mM ketoprofen induced a dose-dependent increase in membrane permeability. QCM results indicated a mass loss. Although this model does not explain all molecular mechanisms of membrane damage by ketoprofen, the combined application of both QCM and CV is a novel and powerful tool to investigate functional mechanisms of UV-induced membrane damages.
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Vol. 81 • No. 6