The values of the rate constants for the reactions of the sulfate (2.5 × 109 M−1 s−1) and hydrogen phosphate (2.2 × 108 M−1 s−1) radicals with silica nanoparticles are obtained by flash photolysis experiments with silica suspensions containing S2O82− or P2O84−, respectively. The interaction of these radicals with the silica nanoparticles leads to formation of transients, probably adsorbed sulfate and hydrogen phosphate radicals, with absorption maxima at around 320 and 350 nm, respectively. A different mechanism takes place for the interaction of the less oxidizing dithiocyanate radicals with the silica nanoparticles. These radicals selectively react with the dissociated silanol groups of the nanoparticles with a rate constant at 298.2K of 7 × 107 M−1 s−1 (per mol of SiO− groups), and there is no evidence for their adsorption at the surface. All the results are discussed in terms of the Smoluchowski equation and redox potential of the inorganic radicals.
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Vol. 81 • No. 6