Tumor eradication by photodynamic therapy (PDT) results from the onset of distinct killing processes. In addition to the well-known necrotic and apoptotic mechanisms, PDT initiates an inflammatory response that will indirectly contribute to tumor clearance. The NF-κB transcription factor is a major regulator of inflammation modulating the expression of cytokines, chemokines, and adhesion molecules in various cell types in response to a large number of stimuli. Besides, NF-κB regulates the expression of antiapoptotic genes, cyclooxygenases (COXs) and metalloproteinases (MMPs) as well, thereby favoring tumor cell proliferation and dissemination. In the present review, we aim to summarize the current knowledge on NF-κB status following photosensitization of cancer cells and endothelial cells. In order to unravel the NF-κB impact in PDT tumorigenicity and recurrences, we will stress the discrepancies of this major transcription factor relative to the signaling cascades underlying its activation and the cellular effects triggered by its translocation into the nucleus and its binding to its target genes.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 82 • No. 5