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23 March 2021 Effects of Blood Sources and Artificial Blood Feeding Membranes on the Biological Parameters and Hepatitis C Virus Infectivity of Culex pipiens (Diptera: Culicidae)
F.I. Abdallah, M.H. Rady, B.A. Merdan, F.A. Shaarawi, A.F. Mohammed, K.A. Alshammery, A.A. Al-Khalaf, T.A. Selim, A.A. Dahab
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Abstract

Culex pipiens (L.) has a wide distribution worldwide and is the main vector of many diseases. Mass rearing of all target vector mosquito species is frequently required for public health research and vector control. Vector mosquito species are anautogenous, they need vertebrate blood for egg production. Therefore, female blood feeding is essential for colonisation. Various artificial feeding methods have been developed over the years but they lack consistency. Thus, we have developed an artificial feeding technique for rearing and infection experiments as an attempt to establish a practical guide for vector research. Culex mosquitoes were fed directly and artificially; four blood sources (human, cattle, rat and pigeon) and three different membranes (chick, sausage casing and Parafilm-M®) were assessed based on feeding rate, fecundity, oviposition, egg hatchability and infectivity. The chick membrane was considerably more efficient than sausage casing and Parafilm-M. Using the chick membrane with different blood sources, feeding rates (FR) were 89.60 %, 86.20 %, 61.60 %, 50.40 % for human, cattle, rat and pigeon blood, respectively. There was statistically no significant difference in FR between cattle and human blood. Hepatitis C virus infection was carried out successfully using the artificial feeding technique with chick membrane. RT-PCR readings proved that Culex pipiens can harbour this virus for five days through the midgut region. Cattle blood with chick membrane in mosquito rearing is a good substitute for human blood and live feeding for its availability and cost effectiveness. Overall, this method could be recommended in mosquito experimental infection, vectorial capacity and pathogen interactions studies.

©Entomological Society of Southern Africa
F.I. Abdallah, M.H. Rady, B.A. Merdan, F.A. Shaarawi, A.F. Mohammed, K.A. Alshammery, A.A. Al-Khalaf, T.A. Selim, and A.A. Dahab "Effects of Blood Sources and Artificial Blood Feeding Membranes on the Biological Parameters and Hepatitis C Virus Infectivity of Culex pipiens (Diptera: Culicidae)," African Entomology 29(1), 262-273, (23 March 2021). https://doi.org/10.4001/003.029.0262
Received: 9 September 2020; Accepted: 16 November 2020; Published: 23 March 2021
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