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4 April 2014 Quaternary Bats from the Impossível-Ioiô Cave System (Chapada Diamantina, Brazil): Humeral Remains and the First Fossil Record of Noctilio leporinus (Chiroptera, Noctilionidae) from South America
Leandro O. Salles, Joaquín Arroyo-Cabrales, Anne Caruliny Do Monte Lima, Wagner Lanzelotti, Fernando A. Perini, PaúL M. Velazco, Nancy B. Simmons
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Abstract

The partially submerged Impossível-Ioiô cave system located in the karst region of Chapada Diamantina in Bahia (Brazil) has recently been the target of extensive paleontological studies. Here we provide the first report of fossil bats from this cave system, in which we recognize six species based on humeral remains: Furipterus horrens, Chrotopterus auritus, Mormoops cf. megalophylla, Pteronotus gymnonotus, Pteronotus parnellii, and Noctilio leporinus. Morphology of the humerus of these taxa is described in a comparative framework to document taxonomic assessments and provide a basis for future studies of fossil bat faunas. The relevance of the new records reported here is evaluated at a broader continental scale, as well as in contrast with the recent bat fauna of the region. The record of Noctilio leporinus stands as the first fossil occurrence of this species on the South American continent.

Copyright © American Museum of Natural History 2014
Leandro O. Salles, Joaquín Arroyo-Cabrales, Anne Caruliny Do Monte Lima, Wagner Lanzelotti, Fernando A. Perini, PaúL M. Velazco, and Nancy B. Simmons "Quaternary Bats from the Impossível-Ioiô Cave System (Chapada Diamantina, Brazil): Humeral Remains and the First Fossil Record of Noctilio leporinus (Chiroptera, Noctilionidae) from South America," American Museum Novitates 2014(3798), 1-32, (4 April 2014). https://doi.org/10.1206/3798.1
Published: 4 April 2014
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