A new stygobite species Acanthocyclops transylvanicus sp. nov. is described from the north-western Romanian Carpathians (Apuseni Mountains) and is accommodated in the subterranean kieferi-group. Acanthocyclops transylvanicus sp. nov. resembles closely A. biarticulatus Monchenko, 1972 in the segmentation pattern of the swimming legs (3.2/3.2/3.2/3.2), but differs by the following characters: antennary second endopodite segment with 7 setae; distal articles of endopodites of P1 and P3 with 4 and 5 setae, respectively; absence of coxopodite ornamentation pattern in leg 4; leg 4 endopodite with 3-segmented appearance, but lacking a functional articulation between the second and third segment. We assume that the 2-segmented nature of the leg 4 endopodite as observed in both species is a convergent acquisition. The adult shape of the leg 4 endopodite in A. transylvanicus sp. nov. results from the simple suppression of an arthrodial membrane formation. A. transylvanicus is the ninth representative known in Romania which is accommodated in the kieferi-growp. An identification key for the species of kieferi-growp known to occur in Romania is given.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 61 • No. 2