Translator Disclaimer
1 November 2012 Phylogeny of Nearctic Pandemis (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), with Focus on Species Boundaries in the P. limitata Group
Author Affiliations +
Abstract

Despite their status as economically important pests on apple, species boundaries in the four native Nearctic species of Pandemis Hübner have remained uncertain for a century. We use a total evidence approach to test their genomic integrity using DNA (cytochrome oxidase I and ITS2), morphological (greyness of various wing areas), and geographic evidence. No single source of characters is sufficient, but combined evidence successfully separates the four species. We also examine the generic boundaries of Pandemis, using all Nearctic species, most western Palaearctic species, and a species of Archepandemis. DNA data place Archepandemis within Pandemis indicating that its members have lost the secondary sexual characters found in other Pandemis species.

© 2012 Entomological Society of America
Jason J. Dombroskie and Felix A. H. Sperling "Phylogeny of Nearctic Pandemis (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), with Focus on Species Boundaries in the P. limitata Group," Annals of the Entomological Society of America 105(6), 768-780, (1 November 2012). https://doi.org/10.1603/AN12023
Received: 29 February 2012; Accepted: 1 August 2012; Published: 1 November 2012
JOURNAL ARTICLE
13 PAGES

This article is only available to subscribers.
It is not available for individual sale.
+ SAVE TO MY LIBRARY

SHARE
ARTICLE IMPACT
RIGHTS & PERMISSIONS
Get copyright permission
Back to Top