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1 May 2015 Range Wide Phylogeography of Dactylopius coccus (Hemiptera: Dactylopiidae)
Alex R. Van Dam, Liberato Portillo Martinez, Antonio Jeri Chavez, Bernie P. May
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The process of domestication and geographic origins of the cochineal insect (Dactylopius coccus Costa) has remained largely unstudied despite its importance as a global food colorant commodity. Ecological evidence supports Oaxaca Mexico as the geographic origin of this species. Other recent genetic studies have been inconclusive. Here, we fill in the remaining gaps in the ecological record and look for corroboration from mtDNA markers as to the origin of this species. We use three mtDNA genes (CO1, tRNA-Leucine, and CO2) spanning 1294 bp, along with climate niche modeling of Holocene and Pleistocene cochineal distributions. We find the center of origin of D. coccus to be Oaxaca Mexico based on mtDNA data and climate niche modeling. Further meta-genomic data are needed to rule out selective sweeps from past and present endosymbionts for these results to be definitive.

© The Authors 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Entomological Society of America. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email:
Alex R. Van Dam, Liberato Portillo Martinez, Antonio Jeri Chavez, and Bernie P. May "Range Wide Phylogeography of Dactylopius coccus (Hemiptera: Dactylopiidae)," Annals of the Entomological Society of America 108(3), 299-310, (1 May 2015).
Received: 29 June 2014; Accepted: 12 February 2015; Published: 1 May 2015

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Dactylopius coccus
domestic origin
geographic origin
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