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1 July 2015 Mosquitoes in Bromeliads at Ground Level of the Brazilian Atlantic Forest: The Relationship between Mosquito Fauna, Water Volume, and Plant Type
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Abstract

Water accumulating in the axils of bromeliads provides habitat for numerous invertebrates, frequently among them, immature mosquitoes. To evaluate mosquito richness in bromeliads and the relationship between mosquito presence and biotic and abiotic variables, we performed a study in the Parque Nacional do Itatiaia, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Mosquitoes of genus Culex were the most abundant and varied in species richness, among which nine belonged to subgenus Microculex, Culex (Microculex) neglectus Lutz and Culex ocellatus Theobald being the most frequent species. Sabethines of genera Wyeomyia and Runchomyia were found in low numbers. Wyeomyia (Spilonympha) airosai Lane and Cerqueira and Wyeomyia (Spilonympha) finlayi Lane and Cerqueira tend to proliferate in bromeliads of the genus Bilbergia which hold less than 50 ml of water and grow either alone or with Runchomyia frontosa (Theobald). The larger the volume of water, the greater the chance of finding Culex, Anopheles as well as Wyeomyia (Phoniomyia) species, which seems to be the more generalist as it is present in different bromeliad types with a large range of plant water holding capacities.

© The Authors 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Entomological Society of America.
C. A. A. Cardoso, R. Lourenço-De-Oliveira, C. T. Codeço, and M. A. Motta "Mosquitoes in Bromeliads at Ground Level of the Brazilian Atlantic Forest: The Relationship between Mosquito Fauna, Water Volume, and Plant Type," Annals of the Entomological Society of America 108(4), 449-458, (1 July 2015). https://doi.org/10.1093/aesa/sav040
Received: 26 December 2014; Accepted: 15 April 2015; Published: 1 July 2015
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