Life history theory predicts that current reproductive investment should increase as life expectancy decreases. We adapted the prediction to female mate choice behavior and examined the effect of life expectancy on two components of female choice of the cricket Meloimorpha japonica (De Haan) (Orthoptera: Gryllidae). We measured female responsiveness and female preference by using a two-choice playback experiment of male calling songs. Females with a shorter life span exhibited higher responsiveness to the male calling song. No significant effect of life span on female preference for male calling songs was found. We discuss the implications of these results for sexual selection and life history strategy.
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Vol. 99 • No. 6