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1 June 2007 Molecular and Phenotypic Characterization of Infectious Bursal Disease Virus Isolates
T. V. Dormitorio, J. J. Giambrone, K. Guo, D. J. Jackwood
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Two infectious bursal disease viruses (IBDVs 1174 and V1) were isolated from IBDV-vaccinated broiler flocks in California and Georgia. These flocks had a history of subclinical immunosuppression. These isolates are commonly used in IBDV progeny challenge studies at Auburn, AL, as well as vaccine manufacturer's vaccine efficacy studies, because they come from populated poultry-producing states, and are requested by poultry veterinarians from those states. Nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR) generated viral genome products for sequencing. A 491-bp segment from the VP2 gene, covering the hypervariable region, from each isolate was analyzed and compared with previously sequenced isolates. Sequence analysis showed that they were more closely related to the Delaware (Del) E antigenic variant than they are to the Animal Health Plant Inspection Service (APHIS) standard, both at the nucleotide level (96%, 97%) and at the amino acid level (94%, 97%). Both isolates had the glutamine to lysine shift in amino acid 249 which has been reported to be critical in binding the virus neutralizing Mab B69. Phenotypic studies showed that both isolates produced rapid atrophy of the bursae and weight loss, without the edematous bursal phase, in 2-wk-old commercial broilers having antibody against IBDV. A progeny challenge study showed both isolates produced more atrophy of the bursae (less percentage of protection) than the Del E isolate. Molecular and phenotypic data of these important IBDV isolates help in the improved detection and control of this continually changing and important viral pathogen of chickens.

T. V. Dormitorio, J. J. Giambrone, K. Guo, and D. J. Jackwood "Molecular and Phenotypic Characterization of Infectious Bursal Disease Virus Isolates," Avian Diseases 51(2), 597-600, (1 June 2007).[597:MAPCOI]2.0.CO;2
Received: 15 August 2006; Accepted: 1 December 2006; Published: 1 June 2007
infectious bursal disease virus
nested reverse transcription–polymerase chain reaction
VP2 hypervariable region, vaccination
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