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1 March 2007 Avian Influenza Surveillance in Backyard Poultry of Argentina
C. Buscaglia, C. Espinosa, M. V. Terrera, R. De Benedetti
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Avian influenza (AI) is an exotic disease in Argentina. A surveillance program for AI was conducted in backyard poultry during 1998–2005 in two regions: 1) region A, which included the avian population in the provinces that border Brazil, Bolivia, and Paraguay, and 2) region B, which included the rest of the provinces of the country. More than 8000 serum samples were tested for antibodies by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and/or agar gel immunodiffusion tests, and more than 18,000 tracheal and cloacal swabs were tested for virus by isolation in embryonated specific-pathogen-free eggs. This study was part of the AI prevention program in Argentina, which includes other avian populations such as commercial poultry and all the controls for importation and exportation of live birds. The results from backyard poultry were negative for AI.

C. Buscaglia, C. Espinosa, M. V. Terrera, and R. De Benedetti "Avian Influenza Surveillance in Backyard Poultry of Argentina," Avian Diseases 51(s1), 467-469, (1 March 2007).
Received: 30 March 2006; Accepted: 1 October 2006; Published: 1 March 2007
avian influenza
backyard birds
noncommercial poultry
virus isolation
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