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1 March 2009 Isolation of Salmonella Typhimurium from Dead Blue and Gold Macaws (Ara ararauna)
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Two blue and gold macaw (Ara ararauna) chicks died of fatal salmonellosis in Buenos Aires Province, Argentina. The birds were histopathologically and microbiologically examined. Salmonella enterica subspecies enterica serovar Typhimurium was isolated from the liver, spleen, heart, lung, kidney, and intestine of both birds. All strains were susceptible to ampicillin, cephalothin, cefotaxime, enrofloxacin, nalidixic acid, gentamicin, streptomycin, chloramphenicol, fosfomycin, tetracycline, nitrofurantoin, and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole. The XbaI-PFGE profile of the Salmonella Typhimurium isolated from the two animals, which shared the same cage, was identical and showed a unique pattern compared with 301 isolates included in the PulseNet national database of Salmonella pulsed-field gel electrophoresis patterns. This is the first report that describes fatal Cases of salmonellosis from blue and gold macaws.

Germán B. Vigo, Javier Origlia, Daniel Gornatti, Miguel Piscopo, Angela Salve, María I. Caffer, Mariana Pichel, Norma Binsztein, and Gerardo A. Leotta "Isolation of Salmonella Typhimurium from Dead Blue and Gold Macaws (Ara ararauna)," Avian Diseases 53(1), 135-138, (1 March 2009).
Received: 11 June 2008; Accepted: 1 October 2008; Published: 1 March 2009

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