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9 April 2013 Ulcerative Enteritis-like Disease Associated with Clostridium sordellii in Quail
Rocio Crespo, Monique Franca, H. L. Shivaprasad
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Abstract

A natural outbreak of ulcerative enteritis-like disease associated with Clostridium sordellii was diagnosed in two commercial quail flocks. Clinical signs in the quail included anorexia, weakness, and increased mortality in the flocks. Lesions in the intestine were characterized by ulcers covered with fibrinonecrotic exudate in the small intestine and occasional hemorrhages. There were also multifocal pale areas of necrosis in the liver. Clostridium sordellii was isolated from the intestine and liver. A retrospective study of avian cases submitted to the California Animal Health and Food Safety Laboratories revealed that C. sordellii had been isolated in 45 avian submissions, most commonly in chickens and turkeys. In most of these cases the birds were diagnosed with necrotic enteritis, with or without hepatitis. Clostridium sordellii has occasionally been associated with gangrenous dermatitis in poultry, but this is the first report of enteritis in an avian species.

Reporte de Caso—Enfermedad similar a la enteritis ulcerativa asociada con Clostridium sordellii en codornices.

Se diagnosticó un brote natural de una enfermedad similar a enteritis ulcerativa asociada con Clostridium sordellii en dos parvadas comerciales de codornices. Los signos clínicos en las codornices incluyeron anorexia, debilidad y mortalidad aumentada en las parvadas. Las lesiones en el intestino estuvieron caracterizadas por úlceras cubiertas con exudado fibrinonecrótico en el intestino delgado y hemorragias ocasionales. En el hígado se observaron áreas pálidas de necrosis. Se aisló Clostridium sordellii del intestino y del hígado. Un estudio retrospectivo de los casos aviares remitidos a los Laboratorios de Salud Animal e Inocuidad de los Alimentos de California, reveló que se había aislado C. sordellii en 45 casos aviares, más comúnmente en pollos y pavos. En la mayoría de los casos, las aves fueron diagnosticadas con enteritis necrótica, con o sin la presencia de hepatitis. Ocasionalmente, Clostridium sordellii ha sido asociado con dermatitis gangrenosa en las aves comerciales, pero este es el primer reporte de enteritis en una especie aviar.

American Association of Avian Pathologists
Rocio Crespo, Monique Franca, and H. L. Shivaprasad "Ulcerative Enteritis-like Disease Associated with Clostridium sordellii in Quail," Avian Diseases 57(3), 698-702, (9 April 2013). https://doi.org/10.1637/10485-010813-Case.1
Received: 17 January 2013; Accepted: 1 March 2013; Published: 9 April 2013
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