Goose parvovirus (GPV) is the etiologic pathogen of Derzsy's disease, causing great economic losses in the waterfowl industry. A novel GPV-related virus (NGPV), which caused short beak and dwarfism syndrome, has occurred in China since 2015. In this study, two GPV strains (RC45 and RC70) were isolated from diseased growing period geese (45 days old and 70 days old), and one NGPV strain GXN45 was isolated from a 45-day-old Cherry Valley duck in China. To better understand the genetic diversity between GPVs isolated from growing period waterfowls and other classical waterfowl parvoviruses, the complete genomes and main genes were sequenced and analyzed. Full-length genomic sequence alignments demonstrated that both RC45 and RC70 showed the highest identity with classical GPVs YZ99-6 and SHFX1201, whereas GXN45 shared the highest identity with NGPV SDLC01. Sequence alignment of the inverted terminal repeat region showed that GXN45, RC45, and RC70 had two 14-nucleotide (nt) deletions compared with the classical GPV virulent B strain and one 14-nt deletion compared with mule duck–origin NGPV M15 strain. Phylogenetic tree analysis of nonstructural and VP1 genes showed that GXN45 was clustered into a branch with NGPV QH15 strain except for the VP1 amino acid tree. Although both RC45 and RC70 formed one separate branch distinct from classic GPV isolates, they were in one large phylogenetic tree branch. This study will contribute to a better understanding of the genetic diversity and molecular characterization of three isolated parvoviruses and lay the foundation to further study the relationship between mutations of virus genome and viral pathogenicity.
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Vol. 63 • No. 3