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28 December 2021 Oocyte quality following in vitro follicle development
Jing Xu, Mary B. Zelinski
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In vitro follicle development (IVFD) is an adequate model to obtain basic knowledge of folliculogenesis and provides a tool for ovarian toxicity screening. IVFD yielding competent oocytes may also offer an option for fertility and species preservation. To promote follicle growth and oocyte maturation in vitro, various culture systems are utilized for IVFD in rodents, domestic animals, wild animals, nonhuman primates, and humans. Follicle culture conditions have been improved by optimizing gonadotropin levels, regulatory factors, nutrient supplements, oxygen concentration, and culture matrices. This review summarizes quality assessment of oocytes generated from in vitro-developed antral follicles from the preantral stage, including oocyte epigenetic and genetic profile, cytoplasmic and nuclear maturation, preimplantation embryonic development following in vitro fertilization, as well as pregnancy and live offspring after embryo transfer. The limitations of oocyte quality evaluation following IVFD and the gaps in our knowledge of IVFD to support proper oocyte development are also discussed. The information may advance our understanding of the requirements for IVFD, with a goal of producing competent oocytes with genetic integrity to sustain embryonic development resulting in healthy offspring.

Summary Sentence

Although advances in current IVFD systems have greatly enhanced oocyte growth and maturation, further optimization is required to improve oocyte competence with genetic integrity for proper embryonic development.

© The Author(s) 2021. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Society for the Study of Reproduction. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail:
Jing Xu and Mary B. Zelinski "Oocyte quality following in vitro follicle development," Biology of Reproduction 106(2), 291-315, (28 December 2021).
Received: 10 November 2021; Accepted: 24 December 2021; Published: 28 December 2021
follicle culture
in vitro follicle development
oocyte competence
oocyte maturation
oocyte quality
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