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1 May 2000 Male Reproductive Condition Is the Limiting Factor of Efficiency in the Male Effect During Seasonal Anestrus in Female Goats
J. A. Flores, F. G. Véliz, J. A. Pérez-Villanueva, G. Martínez de la Escalera, P. Chemineau, P. Poindron, B. Malpaux, J. A. Delgadillo
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Abstract

Two experiments were conducted to determine whether the failure of males to induce sexual activity in goats during seasonal anestrus is due to unresponsiveness of females to male stimulus or insufficient stimulation from males. In the first study, one group of males (sexually inactive, SI; n = 4) was kept under natural photoperiod while the other (sexually active, SA; n = 4) was subjected to 2.5 mo of long days (16L:8D) and received 2 s.c. implants of melatonin. Two mo later, 2 different flocks of anovulatory goats previously separated from bucks were exposed to either SI (n = 34) or SA (n = 40) bucks. Progesterone assays and estrous behavior were used to determine ovarian and behavioral responses of the females to teasing. Of the goats exposed to SI males, only 2 ovulated, and none showed estrous behavior during the 35 days of the study. In contrast, all females (40 of 40) in contact with SA males ovulated and showed at least one estrous behavior during the first 11 days following male introduction (P < 0.001). Overall, 38 of 40 females stimulated with SA bucks were diagnosed pregnant at Day 35, according to progesterone assay (versus 0 in SI-treated group: P < 0.001). To control for a possible difference of responsiveness between flocks, the experiment was repeated 1 yr later using a single flock of goats divided into 2 groups. Again, over the first 14 days, 1 of 33 goats showed estrous behavior in the SI-treated group versus 27 of 33 in the SA-treated group (P < 0.001). Therefore, treating bucks with long days and melatonin increased their teasing capacity to induce sexual activity in females during anestrus. These results indicate that the absence of response to teasing at this time of the year is not due to female unresponsiveness, but to insufficient stimulation from the male.

J. A. Flores, F. G. Véliz, J. A. Pérez-Villanueva, G. Martínez de la Escalera, P. Chemineau, P. Poindron, B. Malpaux, and J. A. Delgadillo "Male Reproductive Condition Is the Limiting Factor of Efficiency in the Male Effect During Seasonal Anestrus in Female Goats," Biology of Reproduction 62(5), 1409-1414, (1 May 2000). https://doi.org/10.1095/biolreprod62.5.1409
Received: 17 September 1999; Accepted: 1 December 1999; Published: 1 May 2000
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