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1 September 2000 Effects of Preactivation of Ooplasts or Synchronization of Blastomere Nuclei in G1 on Preimplantation Development of Rabbit Serial Nuclear Transfer Embryos
Karolina Piotrowska, Jacek A. Modliński, Maciej Korwin-Kossakowski, Jolanta Karasiewicz
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Abstract

Blastomeres from eight-cell-stage rabbit embryos have been fused with enucleated metaphase II oocytes (ooplasts) or with ooplasts that were preactivated before fusion. Preactivation of ooplasts before nuclear transfer (NT) raises the rate of preimplantation development from 15% to 56%, which remains elevated in the next series of NT (48.6% and 47.2% in the second and third rounds, respectively). Transfer of eight-cell embryos from the third round to the recipient resulted in the birth of normal young. Synchronization of blastomere nuclei in the G1 phase with nocodazole before fusion results in 42% morula/blastocyst formation. However, in the second generation of NT embryos, the yield drops to as low as 17%, indicating deleterious effects of the second nocodazole treatment on blastomeres. The calculated number of clones per one round of cloning was 4.5, 3.9, and 3.8 in subsequent series; the highest number of morulae and blastocysts that developed from individual donor embryos after three rounds were 26 and 27, respectively.

Karolina Piotrowska, Jacek A. Modliński, Maciej Korwin-Kossakowski, and Jolanta Karasiewicz "Effects of Preactivation of Ooplasts or Synchronization of Blastomere Nuclei in G1 on Preimplantation Development of Rabbit Serial Nuclear Transfer Embryos," Biology of Reproduction 63(3), 677-682, (1 September 2000). https://doi.org/10.1095/biolreprod63.3.677
Received: 9 December 1999; Accepted: 1 April 2000; Published: 1 September 2000
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