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1 September 2000 Growth and the Initiation of Steroidogenesis in Porcine Follicles Are Associated with Unique Patterns of Gene Expression for Individual Components of the Ovarian Insulin-Like Growth Factor System
Jiazhong Liu, Anne T. Koenigsfeld, Thomas C. Cantley, Cynthia K. Boyd, Yasuhiro Kobayashi, Matthew C. Lucy
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Abstract

Ovarian follicular growth and steroidogenesis are controlled by the interaction of insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) and gonadotropins. The objective was to determine the temporal and spatial relationships for gonadotropin receptor, steroidogenic enzyme, and IGF system gene expression during the development of preovulatory porcine follicles. Sows (n = 18) were weaned and follicles were monitored by transrectal ultrasonography. Ovaries were collected from sows when the mean diameter of the preovulatory follicular cohort was approximately 2, 4, 6, or 8 mm. mRNA were measured by in situ hybridization for individual follicles within the preovulatory cohort (3 to 5 follicles per sow). Patterns of gene expression detected by in situ hybridization were confirmed by RNase protection analyses of pooled RNA samples. The amount of LH receptor mRNA and steroidogenic enzyme mRNA (17α-hydroxylase and aromatase) increased as the mean diameter of the follicular cohort increased from 2 to 6 mm, but then decreased abruptly for 8-mm follicles. Estradiol concentrations in follicular fluid closely followed the expression patterns of steroidogenic enzymes and LH receptor mRNA. FSH receptor mRNA was present in cohorts of 2-mm follicles but declined in 4-mm follicles and was undetectable in 6- and 8-mm follicles. The expression of IGF-I and type I IGF receptor mRNA were similar for follicles of 2, 4, 6, and 8 mm. In contrast, IGF-II mRNA progressively increased in follicles collected from 2-, 4-, and 6-mm cohorts, and then decreased slightly at 8 mm. Type II IGF receptor mRNA was greatest in 8-mm follicles. IGF binding protein-2 (BP-2) mRNA decreased as follicles achieved progressively larger sizes during the preovulatory period (2 to 8 mm), whereas the IGFBP-4 mRNA remained relatively low for follicles in 2- to 6-mm cohorts but then increased markedly in 8-mm follicles. In summary, temporal and spatial patterns of gene expression for gonadotropin receptor, steroidogenic enzyme, and IGF system genes were characterized in preovulatory porcine follicles by using in situ hybridization and RNase protection analyses. The unique patterns of gene expression suggest interdependence among specific genes that may be essential for preovulatory follicular development.

Jiazhong Liu, Anne T. Koenigsfeld, Thomas C. Cantley, Cynthia K. Boyd, Yasuhiro Kobayashi, and Matthew C. Lucy "Growth and the Initiation of Steroidogenesis in Porcine Follicles Are Associated with Unique Patterns of Gene Expression for Individual Components of the Ovarian Insulin-Like Growth Factor System," Biology of Reproduction 63(3), 942-952, (1 September 2000). https://doi.org/10.1095/biolreprod63.3.942
Received: 16 November 1999; Accepted: 1 May 2000; Published: 1 September 2000
JOURNAL ARTICLE
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KEYWORDS
follicle
follicular development
growth factors
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