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1 February 2004 DNA Microarray Analysis of Region-Specific Gene Expression in the Mouse Epididymis
Nelson Hsia, Gail A. Cornwall
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Microarray analysis was carried out to identify genes with enriched expression in the initial segment region of the mouse epididymis. A set of approximately 15 000 clones developed at the National Institutes for Aging and consisting of expressed sequence tags (ESTs) derived from pre- and peri-implantation embryos, Embryonic Day 12.5 female gonad/mesonephros, and newborn ovary were hybridized with probes generated against the initial segment (epididymal region 1) and the remainder of the epididymis (epididymal regions 2–5). The median values for the normalized ratios of region 1 to regions 2–5 from three independent experiments were averaged for each gene/EST using Genespring 5.0 software. The majority of clones showed a ratio of 1.0, suggesting they were expressed at similar levels in all epididymal regions. In addition, 123 clones exhibited 2-fold or higher expression in the initial segment, including Cres3, prostein, lipocalin 2, ALEX3, synaptotagmin-like 4, erm, and milk fat globule factor, whereas 216 clones, including elafin-like 1, lactotransferrin, Sin3B, zinc-finger protein 91, and membrane-type frizzled-related protein, showed 2-fold or higher expression in epididymal regions 2–5. Northern blot analyses of 12 clones predicted by microarray analysis to be either enriched in the initial segment (n = 8), enriched in epididymal regions 2–5 (n = 2), or similar in all regions (n = 2) were carried out. All clones exhibited the expected region-specific expression, thus confirming the microarray results. The studies presented here show a global survey of region-specific gene expression in the epididymis, identifying 15 287 sequences, the majority of which have not previously been shown to be expressed in this organ.

Nelson Hsia and Gail A. Cornwall "DNA Microarray Analysis of Region-Specific Gene Expression in the Mouse Epididymis," Biology of Reproduction 70(2), 448-457, (1 February 2004).
Received: 24 July 2003; Accepted: 1 October 2003; Published: 1 February 2004
male reproductive tract
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