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1 July 2004 Steroid Hormone Modulation of Prostaglandin Secretion in the Ruminant Endometrium During the Estrous Cycle
Alan K. Goff
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Prostaglandins, produced from membrane phospholipids by the action of phospholipase A2, cyclooxygenase, and specific prostaglandin synthases, are important regulators of ovulation, luteolysis, implantation, and parturition in reproductive tissues. Destruction of the corpus luteum at the end of the estrous cycle in nonpregnant animals is brought about by the pulsatile secretion of prostaglandin F (PGF) from the endometrium. It has been known for many years that progesterone, estradiol, and oxytocin are the hormones responsible for luteolysis. To achieve luteolysis, two independent processes have to be coordinated; the first is an increase in the prostaglandin synthetic capability of the endometrium and the second is an increase in oxytocin receptor number. Although progesterone and estradiol can modulate the expression of the enzymes involved in prostaglandin synthesis, the primary reason for the initiation of luteolysis is the increase in oxytocin receptor on the endometrial epithelial cells. Results of many in vivo studies have shown that progesterone and estradiol are required for luteolysis, but it is still not fully understood exactly how these steroid hormones act. The purpose of this article is to review the recent data related to how progesterone and estradiol could regulate (initiate and then turn off) the uterine pulsatile secretion of PGF observed at luteolysis.

Alan K. Goff "Steroid Hormone Modulation of Prostaglandin Secretion in the Ruminant Endometrium During the Estrous Cycle," Biology of Reproduction 71(1), 11-16, (1 July 2004).
Received: 25 November 2003; Accepted: 1 January 2004; Published: 1 July 2004

female reproductive tract
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