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1 November 2004 Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen Immunoreactivity in the Ovarian Surface Epithelium of Mice of Varying Ages and Total Lifetime Ovulation Number Following Ovulation
O. L. Tan, J. S. Fleming
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Abstract

Everytime an oocyte is released at ovulation, the ovarian surface epithelium (OSE) is ruptured and must be restored by epithelial cell proliferation. Ovulation site closure was studied in mice of various ages along with total lifetime ovulation number to investigate the known association of these factors with the risk of epithelial ovarian cancer. Ovaries from Swiss Webster mice were collected at various time points postovulation from 3-mo virgin animals (estimated median total lifetime ovulation number, 92; n = 40 mice), 8-mo virgin animals subject to incessant ovulation (estimated median total lifetime ovulation number, 652; n = 15 mice), and 12-mo breeders (estimated median total lifetime ovulation number, 208; n = 35 mice). Diameters of ovulation sites were estimated by scanning electron microscopy. No differences were found in the rate of ovulation site closure between the groups. Sections of ovaries were analyzed using immunohistochemistry for proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA). The highest density of immunoreactive cells was observed in all animal groups in the cuboidal cells around the rupture site the day after ovulation. Despite the similarity in ovulation site closure rates between groups, the total number of OSE cells that were positive for PCNA in both the 8- and 12-mo animals was significantly reduced, so the number of stained cells appeared to be insufficient to cover the ovulation site. These data suggest that other mechanisms, such as proliferation of the extraovarian mesothelium, may play a role in the re-epithelialization of the ovary.

O. L. Tan and J. S. Fleming "Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen Immunoreactivity in the Ovarian Surface Epithelium of Mice of Varying Ages and Total Lifetime Ovulation Number Following Ovulation," Biology of Reproduction 71(5), 1501-1507, (1 November 2004). https://doi.org/10.1095/biolreprod.104.030460
Received: 31 March 2004; Accepted: 1 June 2004; Published: 1 November 2004
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ovulation
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