The present study investigated whether pregnancy and circulatory ovarian hormones increase the sensitivity of the mesenteric artery to calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP)-induced relaxation and possible mechanisms involved in this process. Mesenteric arteries from young adult male rats or female rats (during estrous cycle, after ovariectomy, at Day 20 of gestation, or Postpartum Day 2) were isolated, and the responsiveness of the vessels to CGRP was examined with a small vessel myograph. The CGRP (10−10 to 10−7 M) produced a concentration-dependent relaxation of norepinephrine-induced contractions in mesenteric arteries of all groups. Arterial relaxation sensitivity to CGRP was significantly (P < 0.05) greater in female rats compared with male rats. Pregnancy increased the sensitivity to CGRP significantly (P < 0.05) compared to ovariectomized and Postpartum Day 2 rats. In pregnant rats, CGRP-receptor antagonist, CGRP8–37, inhibited the relaxation responses produced by CGRP. The CGRP-induced relaxation was not affected by NG-nitro-l-arginine methyl ester (nitric oxide inhibitor, 10−4 M) but was significantly (P < 0.05) attenuated by an inhibitor of guanylate cyclase (1H-[1, 2, 4]oxadizaolo[4, 3-a]quinoxalin-1-one, 10−5 M). Relaxation responses of CGRP on mesenteric arteries were blocked (P < 0.05) by a cAMP-dependent protein kinase A inhibitor, Rp-cAMPs (10−5 M). The CGRP-induced vasorelaxation was significantly (P < 0.05) attenuated by calcium-dependent (tetraethylammonium, 10−3 M), but not ATP-sensitive (glybenclamide, 10−5 M), potassium channel blocker. Therefore, the results of the present study suggest that mesenteric vascular sensitivity to CGRP is higher during pregnancy and that cAMP, cGMP, and calcium-dependent potassium channels appear to be involved. Therefore, we propose that CGRP-mediated vasodilation may be important to maintain vascular adaptations during pregnancy.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.