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30 January 2013 Evidence for a Luteotropic Role of Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor Gamma: Expression and In Vitro Effects on Enzymatic and Hormonal Activities in Corpora Lutea of Pseudopregnant Rabbits
Massimo Zerani, Margherita Maranesi, Gabriele Brecchia, Anna Gobbetti, Cristiano Boiti, Francesco Parillo
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Abstract

The expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) and its role in corpora lutea (CL) function were studied in pseudopregnant rabbits. Corpora lutea were collected at an early stage (Day 4), midstage (Day 9), and late stage (Day 13) of pseudopregnancy. Immunohistochemistry found evidence for the presence of PPARgamma in the perinuclear cytoplasm and nucleus of all the luteal cells; immunoreactivity decreased from the early to the late stage, with immunonegativity of the nuclei of late stage CL. PPARgamma mRNA transcript was expressed in all the luteal stages with the lowest level in the late stage. In CL cultured in vitro, the PPARgamma agonist (15-deoxy delta12,14 prostaglandin J2 [15d-PGJ2], 200 nM) increased and the antagonist (T0070907, 50 nM) decreased progesterone secretion at early and midluteal stages, whereas 15d-PGJ2 reduced and T0070907 increased PGF2alpha at the same stages. Prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2 (PTGS2) activity was reduced by 15d-PGJ2 and increased by T0070907 in CL of early and midluteal stages. Conversely, 15d-PGJ2 increased and T0070907 reduced 3beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (3beta-HSD) activity in early and midluteal stage CL. PGE2 in vitro secretion as well as PTGS1 and 20alpha-HSD enzymatic activities were not affected by 15d-PGJ2 and T0070907 in any CL types. These results indicate that PPARgamma plays a luteotropic role in pseudopregnant rabbits, through PTGS2 down-regulation and 3beta-HSD up-regulation, with a consequent PGF2alpha decrease and progesterone increase.

Massimo Zerani, Margherita Maranesi, Gabriele Brecchia, Anna Gobbetti, Cristiano Boiti, and Francesco Parillo "Evidence for a Luteotropic Role of Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor Gamma: Expression and In Vitro Effects on Enzymatic and Hormonal Activities in Corpora Lutea of Pseudopregnant Rabbits," Biology of Reproduction 88(3), (30 January 2013). https://doi.org/10.1095/biolreprod.112.107383
Received: 21 December 2012; Accepted: 1 January 2013; Published: 30 January 2013
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KEYWORDS
3beta-HSD
corpora lutea
PGF2alpha
PPARgamma
progesterone
PTGS2
rabbit
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