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10 April 2013 Production of Live Offspring from Testicular Tissue Cryopreserved by Vitrification Procedures in Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica)
Jianan Liu, Kimberly M. Cheng, Frederick G. Silversides
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Cryopreservation of testicular tissue can be used for ex situ conservation of male germplasm of avian species. The possibility of using vitrification and transplantation of testicular tissue for fertility preservation and recovery was tested in Japanese quail. Testes were removed from 1-wk-old Japanese quail; transfixed on acupuncture needles; equilibrated with dimethyl sulphoxide, ethylene glycol, and sucrose; plunged into liquid nitrogen; and stored in 2-ml straws. Cryopreserved tissue was warmed in sucrose solution at room temperature or at 40°C. Fresh and cryopreserved tissue were transplanted subcutaneously into castrated, 1-wk-old recipients. Twenty of 21 recipients survived the surgery, and 18 had viable transplants at maturity, with no difference in transplantation success between fresh and cryopreserved tissue. Fluid extrusion from 11 of the transplants was collected and inseminated surgically into the magnum of 22 quail hens, and 10 inseminations included foam from the proctodeal gland of the same recipients. Egg production in the 2 wk after insemination was reduced, and none of the hens inseminated with foam produced fertile eggs. Five hens inseminated without foam produced a total of eight live offspring; four of these hens had been inseminated with fluid extrusion from cryopreserved tissue. Histological examination showed spermatogenesis in the transplants, and the tubules, lumens, and epithelium of the seminiferous tubules were of comparable size to those of testicular tissue from intact males. These results demonstrate that testicular tissue of Japanese quail can be preserved using vitrification procedures and recovered through transplantation.

Jianan Liu, Kimberly M. Cheng, and Frederick G. Silversides "Production of Live Offspring from Testicular Tissue Cryopreserved by Vitrification Procedures in Japanese Quail ( Coturnix japonica)," Biology of Reproduction 88(5), (10 April 2013).
Received: 26 February 2013; Accepted: 1 April 2013; Published: 10 April 2013

intramagnal insemination
Japanese quail
testicular tissue
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