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22 May 2013 Experimental Evidence for Bone Marrow as a Source of Nonhematopoietic Endometrial Stromal and Epithelial Compartment Cells in a Murine Model
Sara S. Morelli, Pranela Rameshwar, Laura T. Goldsmith
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Abstract

Human endometrium has the remarkable ability to regenerate all cellular compartments with every menstrual cycle; the cellular source remains unknown. The objective of the present study was to determine whether the bone marrow (BM) is a source of multiple endometrial cell types using a murine BM transplant model. BM cells were harvested from transgenic donor mice that ubiquitously express green fluorescent protein (GFP) and were injected into lethally irradiated, syngeneic female recipient mice. Recipients with successful hematopoietic reconstitution were sacrificed at 3, 5, 9, and 12 mo posttransplant, after which hysterectomy was performed. Numbers of GFP-positive, CD45-positive, and CD45-negative cells in the endometrial stromal and epithelial compartments were determined. In the stromal compartment, BM-derived cells (BMDCs) were detectable as early as 3 mo posttransplant, and the BM remained a long-term contributor of nonhematopoietic endometrial cells. Nonhematopoietic endometrial cells comprised 47.3%–72.2% of total BMDCs in the stromal compartment at 12 mo posttransplant. In contrast, BMDCs were not detected in the glandular or luminal epithelial compartments until 12 mo posttransplant. These data demonstrate that the BM is a significant source of nonhematopoietic endometrial stromal compartment cells and contributes to a much lesser extent to the epithelial compartments. That BM is a source of nonhematopoietic cells in the endometrial stromal and epithelial compartments provides a potential mechanism by which monthly regeneration of the endometrium may occur.

Sara S. Morelli, Pranela Rameshwar, and Laura T. Goldsmith "Experimental Evidence for Bone Marrow as a Source of Nonhematopoietic Endometrial Stromal and Epithelial Compartment Cells in a Murine Model," Biology of Reproduction 89(1), (22 May 2013). https://doi.org/10.1095/biolreprod.113.107987
Received: 15 January 2013; Accepted: 1 May 2013; Published: 22 May 2013
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KEYWORDS
Bone marrow
endometrial stem cells
Endometrium
murine bone marrow transplant
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