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8 January 2014 Toll-Like Receptor 11-Initiated Innate Immune Response in Male Mouse Germ Cells
Qiaoyuan Chen, Weiwei Zhu, Zhenghui Liu, Keqin Yan, Shutao Zhao, Daishu Han
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Abstract

Toxoplasma gondii and uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) may infect the testis and impair testicular function. Mechanisms underlying testicular innate immune response to these two pathogens remain to be clarified. The present study examined the function of TLR11, which can be recognized by T. gondii-derived profilin and UPEC, in initiating innate immune response in male mouse germ cells. TLR11 is predominantly expressed in spermatids. Profilin and UPEC induced the expressions of different inflammatory cytokine profiles in the germ cells. In particular, profilin induced the expressions of macrophage chemotactic protein 1 (MCP1), interleukin 12 (IL12), and interferon gamma (IFNG) through nuclear factor KB (NFKB) activation. UPEC induced the expressions of MCP1, IL12, and IFNG, as well as tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFA), IL6, and IFNB, through the activation of NFKB, IFN regulatory factor 3, and mitogen-activated protein kinases. Evidence showed that profilin induced the innate response in male germ cells through TLR11 signaling, and UPEC triggered the response through TLR11 and other TLR-signaling pathways. We also provided evidence that local injection of profilin or UPEC induces the innate immune response in the germ cells. Data describe TLR11-mediated innate immune function of male germ cells in response to T. gondii profilin and UPEC stimulations. This system may play a role in testicular defense against T. gondii and UPEC infections in mice.

Qiaoyuan Chen, Weiwei Zhu, Zhenghui Liu, Keqin Yan, Shutao Zhao, and Daishu Han "Toll-Like Receptor 11-Initiated Innate Immune Response in Male Mouse Germ Cells," Biology of Reproduction 90(2), (8 January 2014). https://doi.org/10.1095/biolreprod.113.114421
Received: 27 September 2013; Accepted: 1 January 2014; Published: 8 January 2014
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