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24 February 2023 Historic climate change trends and impacts on crop yields in key agricultural areas of the prairie provinces in Canada: a literature review
Emmanuel Mapfumo, David S. Chanasyk, Dick Puurveen, Shannon Elton, Sachin Acharya
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Abstract

The objective of this literature review was to compile research findings on climate change and its impacts on crop production in Prairie Provinces of Canada. Our search strategy included finding primary literature articles from various databases. Seven articles reported increases in average and minimum air temperature over time in the Prairie Provinces of Canada. Increases in maximum air temperature were smaller than that for minimum air temperature. Growing degree days and corn heat units also increased over time, which has allowed for potential expansion of corn growth northwards. While overall increases in average annual precipitation and growing season precipitation have occurred in Canada between 1900 and 2021, western Canada showed increases in some regions but decreases in others. Off-season precipitation and snow cover duration in Canada have decreased since 1950. The number of frost-free days has increased across Canada, on the Prairies and southern Saskatchewan since 1900. Annual snowfall has decreased since 1950 and across Canada the annual maximum snow depth has also decreased. Overall, studies focusing on the Prairie Provinces in Canada have shown accelerated changes in several climate parameters over time, affecting cropping areas and crop yields.

Emmanuel Mapfumo, David S. Chanasyk, Dick Puurveen, Shannon Elton, and Sachin Acharya "Historic climate change trends and impacts on crop yields in key agricultural areas of the prairie provinces in Canada: a literature review," Canadian Journal of Plant Science 103(3), 243-258, (24 February 2023). https://doi.org/10.1139/cjps-2022-0215
Received: 20 September 2022; Accepted: 16 February 2023; Published: 24 February 2023
JOURNAL ARTICLE
16 PAGES

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KEYWORDS
Air temperature
crop yields
frost-free days
growing degree-days
Precipitation
snow changes
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