How to translate text using browser tools
6 October 2023 Variability of index of absorbance difference (IAD) to indicate fruit maturity at harvest for major apple cultivars in Ontario
Younes Mostofi, Jennifer R. DeEll
Author Affiliations +
Abstract

The overall objective of this study was to evaluate the index of absorbance difference (IAD) of four major apple cultivars in Ontario (‘Honeycrisp’, ‘Ambrosia’, ‘Gala’, and ‘McIntosh’) during the harvest window over multiple seasons (≥4 years), as well as its relationship with fruit firmness, internal ethylene concentration, and starch index values. IAD values differed among the four cultivars, with ‘McIntosh’ having the highest IAD (1.03–1.33) overall and ‘Gala’ having the lowest (0.19–0.56). Principal component analysis showed that the cultivars were separated into distinct groups. ‘Honeycrisp’ was clustered with starch and ethylene, while ‘Gala’ and ‘McIntosh’ were mainly clustered with firmness and IAD, respectively. Variable correlations between IAD and other maturity indices were found over the years. The negative relationship between IAD and ethylene for ‘Gala’ showed variability with R2 ranging from 0.008 in 2012 to 0.47 in 2018. The correlation between IAD and starch for ‘Gala’ was very strong (rs = −0.82****) in 2018, whereas it was not significant in any year for ‘McIntosh’. Overall, IAD may relate to harvest maturity, but it did not correlate closely or consistently with other maturity indices, varied greatly year to year, and was cultivar dependent. IAD measures are not consistently related to fruit maturity every year, making reliability difficult to attain.

Younes Mostofi and Jennifer R. DeEll "Variability of index of absorbance difference (IAD) to indicate fruit maturity at harvest for major apple cultivars in Ontario," Canadian Journal of Plant Science 104(1), 56-68, (6 October 2023). https://doi.org/10.1139/cjps-2023-0007
Received: 16 January 2023; Accepted: 1 October 2023; Published: 6 October 2023
JOURNAL ARTICLE
13 PAGES

This article is only available to subscribers.
It is not available for individual sale.
+ SAVE TO MY LIBRARY

KEYWORDS
ethylene
firmness
fruit quality
Malus × domestica Borkh
ripening
starch
RIGHTS & PERMISSIONS
Get copyright permission
Back to Top