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1 February 2024 Improved methods to estimate days and temperature to fifty percent mortality of winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) under low-temperature flooding and ice encasement
Jaber Husiny, Alexandra Ficht, Rachel Whiting, Helen Booker, David C. Hooker, Michel McElroy, Eric Lyons
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Abstract

Low-temperature flooding and ice encasement (LTFIE) cause variable survival of winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in Ontario, which limits the adoption of wheat into crop rotations by growers. The development of novel cultivars capable of withstanding LTFIE is a promising avenue for improvement, but the methods used to assess the survival of winter wheat under LTFIE are restricted. This study developed updated methods to determine the survival of wheat cultivars under LTFIE using controlled environments and, to our knowledge, is the first method since the 1980s to use Canadian eastern soft red winter wheat (CESRW) to conduct cold tolerance studies. Chamber-acclimated plants of AC Carberry (spring wheat control), Branson (CESRW), CM614 (CESRW), and Norstar (hardy Canadian western red winter control) cultivars were used to estimate the days (LD50) and temperature (LT50) to reach 50% mortality under ice and without ice treatments. Norstar had the longest LD50 at 33 days, Branson and CM614 had similar LD50 of 18 and 20 days, and AC Carberry did not reach an LD50 as it died early in both treatments. The LT50 of each cultivar was different; Norstar had the lowest LT50 (−13.6 °C day 0 and −13.2 °C day 7), and AC Carberry had the highest LT50 (−6.6 °C day 0 and −2.7 °C day 7). The detailed methods developed in this study were more reliable compared to older methods based on the more accurate reported LD50 and LT50 of the cultivars, therefore, these methods can be used to screen winter cereals for LTFIE in the future.

Jaber Husiny, Alexandra Ficht, Rachel Whiting, Helen Booker, David C. Hooker, Michel McElroy, and Eric Lyons "Improved methods to estimate days and temperature to fifty percent mortality of winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) under low-temperature flooding and ice encasement," Canadian Journal of Plant Science 104(3), 256-264, (1 February 2024). https://doi.org/10.1139/cjps-2023-0143
Received: 28 September 2023; Accepted: 5 January 2024; Published: 1 February 2024
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KEYWORDS
ice encasement
LD50
LT50
Triticum aestivum L. low temperature
winter wheat
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