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5 February 2014 Enhanced A Horizon Framework and Field Form for detailed field scale monitoring of dynamic soil properties
Catherine A. Fox, Charles Tarnocai, Gabriele Broll, Monika Joschko, David Kroetsch, Elizabeth Kenney
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Abstract

Fox, C. A., Tarnocai, C., Broll, G., Joschko, M., Kroetsch, D. and Kenney, E. 2014. Enhanced A Horizon Framework and Field Form for detailed field scale monitoring of dynamic soil properties. Can. J. Soil Sci. 94: 189-208. Taxonomic protocols for A horizon description are limited when detailed monitoring of soil change in dynamic soil properties is required for determining the effectiveness of best management practices, remediation efforts, and assessing subtle impacts on soil properties from environmental and anthropogenic stressors. The A Horizon Framework was designed by consolidating protocols from national and international description systems and expert opinion to optimize descriptive capability through use of additional enhanced lowercase designators. The Framework defines new protocols and syntax resulting in a unique soil fingerprint code. Five levels of enhanced lowercase A horizon designators are defined: Level 1, Soil processes and environmental context; Level 2, Soil structure-bulk density; Level 3, Organic carbon; Level 4, pH and electrical conductivity; and, Level 5, Soil and landscape context (i.e., soil texture, surface conditions, current land use, slope character). An electronic Field Form based on the new Framework syntax automatically records the soil fingerprint code in an enhanced (all Levels included) and a minimum detail mode focused on the key dynamic properties. The soil fingerprint codes become a powerful tool by which to identify trends of soil change and small alterations in the dynamic soil properties. Examples of soil fingerprint codes from selected Canada and Germany long-term experimental studies are presented.

Catherine A. Fox, Charles Tarnocai, Gabriele Broll, Monika Joschko, David Kroetsch, and Elizabeth Kenney "Enhanced A Horizon Framework and Field Form for detailed field scale monitoring of dynamic soil properties," Canadian Journal of Soil Science 94(2), 189-208, (5 February 2014). https://doi.org/10.1139/CJSS2013-079
Received: 8 August 2013; Accepted: 1 January 2014; Published: 5 February 2014
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