Temperature can notably affect development rate and intrinsic rate of increase of the diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella L. The intrinsic rate of increase is usually regarded as a good measure of fitness in insects, and the constant temperature at which the intrinsic rate of increase reaches its maximum is defined as the “optimal” temperature for an insect species to survive. The estimates of optimal temperature for some insects and mites are ≈30°C. However, the Sharpe— Schoolfield—Ikemoto model provides an estimate about the intrinsic optimum temperature at which the probability of an enzyme being in the active state is maximal. The intrinsic optimum temperature is considered to be the most suitable temperature for an insect species to survive. The estimates of intrinsic optimum temperature for some insects and mites are ≈20°C. The optimal temperature and the intrinsic optimum temperature of the diamondback moth were estimated in the current study. The former estimate is 28.4 (95% CI: 26.2–28.8°C), whereas the latter estimate is 19.4°C (95% CI: 17.9– 20.5°C). Considering the daily average air temperatures during the peaks of the diamondback moth in China, the intrinsic optimum temperature of 19.4°C might represent the most suitable temperature for this insect to survive. We also discussed whether it is sounded to use the intrinsic rate of increase as the fitness. Because the intrinsic rate of increase cannot reflect the density-dependence of population and the trade-off between individual body mass and population size, it is inappropriate to equate these two concepts.
You have requested a machine translation of selected content from our databases. This functionality is provided solely for your convenience and is in no way intended to replace human translation. Neither BioOne nor the owners and publishers of the content make, and they explicitly disclaim, any express or implied representations or warranties of any kind, including, without limitation, representations and warranties as to the functionality of the translation feature or the accuracy or completeness of the translations.
Translations are not retained in our system. Your use of this feature and the translations is subject to all use restrictions contained in the Terms and Conditions of Use of the BioOne website.
Vol. 41 • No. 3