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1 August 2014 Development Times and Age-Specific Life Table Parameters of the Native Lady Beetle Species Coccinella novemnotata (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) and Its Invasive Congener Coccinella septempunctata (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae)
Todd A. Ugine, John E. Losey
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Abstract

To determine if differences in life history parameters contribute to native species exclusion, immature development times, larval survivorship, reproductive life history parameters, and age-specific life tables were determined for two populations (eastern United States and western United States) of ninespotted lady beetles (Coccinella novemnotata Herbst) and one population of sevenspotted lady beetles (Coccinella septempunctata L.). Developing larvae were provided an ad libitum diet of pea aphids (Acyrthosiphon pisum Harris) at a constant temperature of 25°C. The first and fourth larval stadia of C. novemnotata were significantly longer than that of C. septempunctata, as was their total development time from egg to newly eclosed adult. Stage-specific developmental mortality was low for both species and did not exceed 7% for the entire development period. The preoviposition period of the two C. novemnotata populations was significantly shorter (15–20%) than that of C. septempunctata. C. novemnotata from both locations laid significantly fewer total eggs than C. septempunctata (34–40% fewer) over the 31-d test period, and also fewer eggs per day (37–43% fewer). The net reproductive rate of the C. novemnotata populations was 42–50% lower than that of C. septempunctata as was C. novemnotata's intrinsic rate of natural increase (rm: 0.1716 and 0.1840 vs. 0.1959 for western and eastern C. novemnotata and C. septempunctata, respectively).

© 2014 Entomological Society of America
Todd A. Ugine and John E. Losey "Development Times and Age-Specific Life Table Parameters of the Native Lady Beetle Species Coccinella novemnotata (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) and Its Invasive Congener Coccinella septempunctata (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae)," Environmental Entomology 43(4), 1067-1075, (1 August 2014). https://doi.org/10.1603/EN14053
Received: 2 March 2014; Accepted: 18 June 2014; Published: 1 August 2014
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