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18 September 2015 Local Plant Diversity Across Multiple Habitats Supports a DiverseWild Bee Community in Pennsylvania Apple Orchards
Melanie A. Kammerer, David J. Biddinger, Edwin G. Rajotte, David A. Mortensen
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Abstract

Wild pollinators supply essential, historically undervalued pollination services to crops and other flowering plant communities with great potential to ensure agricultural production against the loss of heavily relied upon managed pollinators. Local plant communities provision wild bees with crucial floral and nesting resources, but the distribution of floristic diversity among habitat types in North American agricultural landscapes and its effect on pollinators are diverse and poorly understood, especially in orchard systems. We documented floristic diversity in typical mid-Atlantic commercial apple (Malus domestica Borkh.) orchards including the forest and orchard-forest edge (“edge”) habitats surrounding orchards in a heterogeneous landscape in south-central Pennsylvania, USA. We also assessed the correlation between plant richness and orchard pollinator communities. In this apple production region, edge habitats are the most species rich, supporting 146 out of 202 plant species recorded in our survey. Plant species richness in the orchard and edge habitats were significant predictors of bee species richness and abundance in the orchard, as well as landscape area of the forest and edge habitats. Both the quantity and quality of forest and edges close to orchards play a significant role in provisioning a diverse wild bee community in this agroecosystem.

© The Authors 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Entomological Society of America. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com
Melanie A. Kammerer, David J. Biddinger, Edwin G. Rajotte, and David A. Mortensen "Local Plant Diversity Across Multiple Habitats Supports a DiverseWild Bee Community in Pennsylvania Apple Orchards," Environmental Entomology 45(1), 32-38, (18 September 2015). https://doi.org/10.1093/ee/nvv147
Received: 21 January 2015; Accepted: 24 August 2015; Published: 18 September 2015
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