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3 July 2017 Cohabiting With the Enemy: Comparative Population Ecology of Two Mantid Species in a Successional Old Field
Cory A. Gall, Robert K. Rose, Lawrence E. Hurd
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Two praying mantids, Tenodera aridifolia sinensis Saussure and Tenodera angustipennis Saussure, are commonly found in the same old-field habitats in the eastern United States and in much of temperate zone Asia. Naturally established populations of these two species were studied intensively over two consecutive years (2010 and 2011) in an old field in southeastern Virginia, to compare life history features relevant to how they coexist, or whether one or the other of them is likely to be more successful in the same habitat. Populations of both species declined about 50% from 2010 to 2011 (adults from 47 to 21 for T. a. sinensis; 37 to 20 for T. angustipennis), but T. a. sinensis oviposited 10 oothecae and T. angustipennis only one in 2011. Tenodera a. sinensis was more abundant in the study site in both years, hatched earlier, and matured and oviposited earlier than T. angustipennis. Fewer females of both species survived to maturity in 2011 than in 2010, possibly indicating a reduction in prey or habitat suitability in 2011. We suggest that T. angustipennis will always be at a disadvantage as a result of its smaller body size, because of interspecific predation (and potentially competition) from its congener, lower clutch size, and susceptibility to egg parasitism. Further, environmental variability across field habitats and years profoundly affects populations of both species in successional old fields.

©The Authors 2017. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Entomological Society of America. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email:
Cory A. Gall, Robert K. Rose, and Lawrence E. Hurd "Cohabiting With the Enemy: Comparative Population Ecology of Two Mantid Species in a Successional Old Field," Environmental Entomology 46(4), 766-770, (3 July 2017).
Received: 20 March 2017; Accepted: 23 May 2017; Published: 3 July 2017

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population regulation
praying mantid
predator coexistence
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